Card Set Information
Normal body temperature in a patient ( orally ranges between 36.5 C/97.6 F and 37.5 C/99.6 F).
The temperature inside the body (remains relatively constant).
Fast heart rate ( Adult pulse rates above 100 bpm).
Abnormally slow pulse rate ( in adults, a pulse rate below 60 bpm).
The amount of air moving in and out with each breath.
When some of the ventricular contractions do not perfuse, a difference exists between the apical and peripheral pulses.
An abnormally fast respiratory rate ( usually above 20 breaths per minute in the adult).
Is an abnormally slow respiratory rate ( usually less than 12 breaths per minute in the adult).
The absence of respiration's, is often described by the length of time in which no respirations occur ( e.g., a 10-second period of apnea).
Refers to normal respiratory rhythm and depth.
Describes respiration's that require excessive effort.
Is a harsh inspiratory sound that may be compared to crowing. It may indicate an upper airway obstruction.
Is a high pitched musical sound. It is usually heard on expiration but may be heard on inspiration. It is associated with partial obstruction of the bronchi or bronchioles, as in asthma.
Is the force that blood exerts against the walls of the blood vessels.
Systolic Blood Pressure
The blood pressure measured during ventricular contraction ( cardiac systole).
Diastolic blood pressure
During ventricular relaxation (cardiac diastole), blood pressure is due to elastic recoil of the vessels the pressure is measured.
The mathematical difference between the measured systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
The amount of blood each ventricle pumps with each heart beat.
Cyclic breathing pattern characterized by shallow breathing alternating with periods of apnea.
Cyclic breathing pattern characterized by periods of respirations of increased rate and depth alternating with periods of apnea.
Increased rate ( about 20 beats/min) and depth of respirations.
Autonomic Nervous system
Influences heart rate, cardiac contractility, systemic vascular resistance, and blood volume.
Paradoxical blood pressure
Exaggerated decreases in systolic blood pressure with inspiration.
5 distinct phases when deflating the bp cuff
Is the absence of Korotkoff sounds between phases I and II.
The condition in which blood pressure is chronically elevated.
For adults of any age, with a blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 mm Hg.
Is blood pressure below 100/60 mm Hg.
Inadequate reflex composition upon position change.