Intro, History, Approaches
Card Set Information
Intro, History, Approaches
Into, History, Approaches
What did Plato/Socrates believe about the mind and knowledge?? How did they arrive at this conclusion??
-The mind is separable from the body and the mind goes on after death.
-All knowledge is innate(Born with us)
What did Aristotle believe about knowledge?? How did he arrive at this conclusion??
-knowledge grows from experiences, stored as memories.
What role did Francis Bacon play in the development of modern psychology??
-Francis Bacon established the modern scientific method
Who coined the term "tabula rasa"?? and what does it mean??
What is empiricism??
Relying on observations and experimentation.
Who is considered the "father of psychology"?? and what did he do to earn this term??
-First lab with human subjects
-Cataloged sensations and reactions
-First to approach as a science rather than a philosophy.
Who founded structuralism?? What is structuralism??
-Edward Bradford Titchener
-The search for elements of the mind.
What is introspection?? Why did introspection fail along with structuralism??
-Self reflection along with sensations, subjects expressed images and feelings.
-Unreliable from person to person.
Who started Functionalism?? What is it?? Who influenced this idea??
-Senses are adaptive in order to function and survive.
What is behaviorism?? List the two most notable behaviorists.
-Focus on observable behavior(sensations are not observable)
-John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner
What is humanism?? Name two noteworthy humanists.
-The study of how the environment influences the potential for growth and the needs for love and acceptance.
- Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
What is cognitive psychology/cognitive neuroscience??
-The focus on the brain and the ways we perceive process, and remember information.
How would you best describe the Darwinian influence??
-The process of natural selection of traits for behaviors and thought processes.
What is the biopsychosocial approach??
-an amalgamation of the biological, psychological, and socio-cultural approaches.
What does the term "Gestalt" refer to??
-The tendency to piece together bits of information in order to form and meaningful big picture of sorts.
-Founder of psychoanalysis/the psychodynamic approach.
-Theory of evolution
-Important early studies on children and development.
Mary Whiton Calkins
-First female APA president
-earn PhD from Harvard(Denied on basis of gender)
-Sought government funding for asylums and hospitals for the insane.
-Principles of classical conditioning
John B. Watson
-Mold a child into anything
Margaret Floy Washburn
-First Female PhD
-Motor Theory: Thought can be traced to body movements.
G. Stanley Hall
-Evolutionary psychology: inherited behavior.
-Founder of functionalism.
-Measuring abilities, attitudes and traits.
-Changes from birth to death.
-"Womb to Tomb"
-Influences and methods of teaching and learning.
-Study personality traits
-Study how we view and affect one another
-Select and train employees, boost moral and productivity.
-Crises, challenges, marital issues, etc.
-Help people with psychological disorders
-Have a M.D.
-Psychotherapy and prescribe medicine(psychopharmacology)