Gastrointestinal System

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Author:
Icefroggyfrog
ID:
202740
Filename:
Gastrointestinal System
Updated:
2013-02-23 04:37:40
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Chapter Five prefixes suffixes cf definitions
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Description:
medical terminology
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  1. -ary
    pertaining to
  2. -atresia
    absence of an opening; condition of no opening
  3. absence of an opening; condition of no opening
    -atresia
  4. -chezia
    defecation, bowel movement
  5. defecation, bowel movement
    -chezia
  6. -dynia
    pain
  7. pain (2 suffixes)
    -dynia, odynia
  8. -odynia
    pain
  9. -emesis
    vomiting, to vomit
  10. vomiting, to vomit
    -emesis
  11. -stalsis
    contraction
  12. contraction
    -stalsis
  13. -genic (3 different def.)
    producing or forming; originating in; causing (the production of)
  14. producing or forming; originating in; causing (the production of)
    -genic
  15. -lithiasis
    condition of having stones
  16. condition of having stones
    -lithiasis
  17. -pepsia
    digestion, digestion condition
  18. digestion, digestion condition
    -pepsia
  19. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  20. eating, swallowing
    -phagia
  21. -stomy (2 different def.)
    creation of a new opening (stoma) into; creation of new connection between
  22. creation of a new opening (stoma) into; creation of new connection between
    -stomy
  23. append/o
    appendix
  24. appendix (2)
    append/o, appendic/o
  25. appendic/o
    appendix
  26. bucc/o
    cheek
  27. cheek
    bucc/o
  28. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  29. gallbladder
    cholecyst/o
  30. dent/i
    tooth
  31. tooth
    dent/i
  32. odont/o
    teeth
  33. teeth
    odont/o
  34. esophag/o
    esophagus
  35. esophagus
    esophag/o
  36. duoden/o
    duodenum
  37. duodenum
    duoden/o
  38. ile/o
    ileum
  39. ileum
    ile/o
  40. lapar/o
    abdomen (abdominal wall; abdominal cavity)
  41. abdomen (abdominal wall; abdominal cavity)
    lapar/o
  42. odyn/o
    pain
  43. pain (cf)
    odyn/o
  44. or/o
    mouth, oral cavity
  45. stom/o
    mouth, oral cavity
  46. stomat/o
    mouth, oral cavity
  47. mouth, oral cavity (3 cf)
    or/o, stom/o, stomat/o
  48. proct/o
    rectum and/or anus
  49. rectum and/or anus
    proct/o
  50. rect/o
    rectum
  51. rectum
    rect/o
  52. an/o
    anus
  53. anus
    an/o
  54. py/o
    pus
  55. pus
    py/o
  56. son/o
    sound
  57. sound
    son/o
  58. bil/i
    bile, gall
  59. chol/e
    bile, gall
  60. bile, gall (2 cf)
    bil/i, chol/e
  61. cholangi/o (2)
    bile vessel, bile duct
  62. bile vessel, bile duct
    cholangi/o
  63. common bile duct
    choledoch/o
  64. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  65. diverticul/o
    diverticulum
  66. diverticulum
    diverticul/o
  67. gingiv/o (2)
    gums, gum tissue
  68. gums, gum tissue
    gingiv/o
  69. jejun/o
    jejunum
  70. jejunum
    jejun/o
  71. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  72. sigmoid colon
    sigmoid/o
  73. orex/o
    appetite
  74. appetite
    orex/o
  75. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  76. gastroesophageal reflux disease

    abbreviation???
    GERD
  77. NG
    nasogastric intubation
  78. nasogastric intubation


    abbreviation???
    NG
  79. PEG
    percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  80. percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy


    abbreviation???
    PEG
  81. anastomosis
    new connection between two (usually hollow) structures
  82. diarrhea
    loose, watery stool
  83. hematochezia
    • bright red (frank=obviously visible) blood in the stool
    • ***indicates lower GI bleeding
  84. hemorrhoid
    varicose vein in the lower rectum or anus
  85. ileus
    lack of peristalsis (muscular wave-like movingĀ  contents along the GI or urinary tract)
  86. melena
    • black, tarry stool due to partially digested blood
    • ***indicates upper GI bleeding
  87. palpation
    examination by touch
  88. percussion
    tapping for density

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