Chapter 3

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Author:
emcadeho
ID:
202772
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Chapter 3
Updated:
2013-02-23 12:27:09
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Body Structure
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Body Structure
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  1. abdominal cavity
    Body space between the abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm.
  2. blood system
    Old English blud
    Body system that includes blood and all its component parts.
  3. cardiovascular system
    Body system that includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.
  4. cell
    Latin cella, storeroom
    Smallest unit of a living structure.
  5. connective tissue
    Fibrous substance that forms the body's supportive framework.
  6. cranial cavity
    Space in the head that contains the brain.
  7. diaphragm
    Muscle that divides the abdominal and toracic cavities.
  8. digestive system
    Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretion, from the mouth to the anus.
  9. dorsal cavity
    Main cavity on the back side of the body containing the cranial and spinal cavities.
  10. endocrine system
    Body system that includes glands which secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions.
  11. epithelial tissue
    Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts.
  12. integumentary system
    Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails.
  13. lymphatic and immune systems
    Body systems that include lymph, the glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defenses of the immune system.
  14. muscle tissue
    Latin musculus, muscle, mouse
    Tissue that is able to contract and relax.
  15. musculoskeletal system
    Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.
  16. nervous system
    Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages.
  17. nervous tissue
    Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages.
  18. organ
    Group of specialized tissue that performs a specific function.
  19. pelvic cavity
    Body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs.
  20. reproductive system
    Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction.
  21. respiratory system
    Body system that includes the lungs and airways and performs breathing.
  22. sensory system
    Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the five senses.
  23. spinal cavity
    Body space that contains the spinal cord.
  24. system
    Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function.
  25. thoracic cavity
    Body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.
  26. tissue
    Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.
  27. urinary system
    Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and helps maintain homeostasis by removing fluid and dissolved waste.
  28. ventral cavity
    Major cavity in the front of the body containing the throacic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.
  29. anterior
    At or toward the front of the body.
  30. coronal plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.
  31. cross-sectional plane
    Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.
  32. deep
    Away form the surface of the body.
  33. distal
    Away from the point of attachment to the trunk.
  34. dorsal
    At or toward the back of the body.
  35. epigastric region
    Area of the body immediately above the stomach.
  36. frontal plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.
  37. hypochondriac regions
    Left and right regions of the body just below the cartialge of the ribs and immediately above the abdomen.
  38. hypogastric region
    Area of the body just below the umbilical region.
  39. iliac regions
    Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone.
  40. inferior
    Below another body structure.
  41. inguinal regions
    Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the bone.
  42. lateral
    To the side
  43. lateral plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body perpendicularly to the medial plane.
  44. left lower quadrant (LLQ)
    Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body.
  45. left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body.
  46. lumbar regions
    Left and right regions of the body near the abdomen.
  47. medial
    At or near the middle of the body.
  48. medial plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.
  49. midsagittal plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves. same as medial plane.
  50. posterior
    At or towards the back side of the body.
  51. prone
    Lying on the stomach with the face down.
  52. proximal
    At or near the point of attachment to the trunk.
  53. right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    Quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the patient's body.
  54. right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the patient's body.
  55. sagittal plane
    Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions.
  56. superficial
    At or near the surface of the body.
  57. superior
    Above another body structure.
  58. supine
    Lying on the spine facing upward.
  59. transverse plane
    Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.
  60. umbilical region
    Area of the body surrounding the umbilicus.
  61. ventral
    At or toward the front of the body.

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