PSYC2120M - Chapter 1
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Define correlational research
study of naturally occuring relationships among variables
What is culture?
it is the behaviors,attitudes, ideas, traditions and institutions shared by a large group of people, which is transferred from one generation to the next
What are demand characteristics
Cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behaviour is expected
Define dependent variable?
- The variable being measured
- depends on its manipulations of the IV variable
What is experimental realism?
degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its participants
What is experimental research
studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationship by manipulating one or more factors( like IV variables) while controlling others ( keeping it constant)
What is field research
Research done in natural, real-life settings outside the laboratory
tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome. Also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon
What is a hypothesis
a testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events
What is an independent variable
the experimental factor that a researcher manipulates
What is "informed consent"
an ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
What is mundane realism
degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations
What is naturalistic fallacy?
error of defining what is good in terms of what is observable
i.e" whats normal is good
what is random assignment
randomly assigning participants to conditions of an experiment that all other participants had an equal chance of being in
What is random sample?
A survey procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion
What is social neuroscience
an integration of biological and social perspectives that uses the neural psychological bases of social & emotional behaviours
What is social psychology?
the scientific study of how people think about influence, and relate to one another.
What are social representations
Socially shared beliefs, widely held ideas and values, this includes our assumptions and cultural ideologies.
Social representations help us make sense of our world
An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events
What would you like to do?
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