Card Set Information
Chapter 4 terms The Integumetary System
Fatty; relating to fat.
Glands that secrete sweat, as from the armpits.
Glands that secrete a waxy substance on the surface of the ear.
Substance that forms connective tissue in the body.
Layer of skin beneath the epidermis.
Thin band of epidermis that surrounds the edge of nails, except at the top.
Layer of skin beneath the epidermis.
Excretion of fluid by the sweat glands; sweating.
Sweat glands that occur all over the body, except where the apocrine glands occur.
epi + dermis
Outer portion of the skin containing several strata.
exo + crine
Glands that secrete toward the outside of the body.
Tubelike sac out of which the hair shaft develops.
Portion of the hair beneath the skin surface.
Portion of the hair visible above the skin surface.
hypo + dermis
Subcutaneous skin layer; layer below the dermis.
Skin and all the elements that are contained within and arise from it.
Hard, horny protein that forms nails and hair.
lunula (pl., lunulae)
Half-moon shaped area at the base of the nail plate.
Pigment produced by melanocytes that determines skin, hair, and eye color.
melano + cyte
Cell in the epidermis that produces melanin.
Thin layer of keratin that covers the distal portion of fingers and toes.
Top sublayer of the dermis.
Opening or hole, particularly in the skin.
Bottom sublayer of the dermis.
Glands in the dermis that open to the hair follicles and secrete sebum.
Oily substance, usually secreted into the hair follicle.
Flat, scaly layer of cells that makes up the epidermis.
stratum (pl., strata)
Layer of tissue, especially a layer of the skin.
Top sublayer of the epidermis.
Bottom sublayer of the epidermis.
Bottom layer of the skin containing fatty tissue.
Coiled glands of the skin that secrete perspiration to regulate body temperature and excrete waste products.
Medical specialty that deals with diseases of the skin.
Any fluid excreted out of the tissue, expecially fluid excreted out of an injury to the skin.
Test that injects antigen or protein between layers of skin.
Test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin is injected intradermally with a syringe.
Test for allergic sensitivity in which a small dose of antigen is applied to the skin on a small piece of guaze.
Purified protein derivative of tuberculin.
Test for diptheria.
Test for allergic sensitivity in which, a small amount of antigen is scratched onto the surface of skin.
tine test, TB tine
Screening test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin is injected into a series of sites within a small space with a tine (instrument that punctures the surface of the skin).
Latin abscessus, a going away
Localized collection of pus and other exudate, usually accompanied by swelling and redness.
Inflammatory eruption of the skin.
Inflammatory eruption of the skin.
Overgrowth of horny skin that forms from over-exposure to sunlight.
albino + ism, state
Rare, congenital condition causing either partial or total lack of pigmentation.
Loss of hair in patches.
basal cell carcinoma
Slow-growing cancer of the basal cells of the epidermis, usually a result of sun damage.
Lesion (especially a hemangioma) visible at or soon after birth; nevus.
Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne
bulla (pl., bullae)
Bubble-like blister on the surface of the skin.
Damage to the skin caused by exposure to heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or other skin irritants.
Mass of hard skin that forms as a cover over broken skin on certain areas of the body, expecially the feet and hands.
Yeastlike fungus on the skin.
Infected area of the skin producing pus and usually accompanied by fever.
A dome-shaped vascular angioma lesion that usually occurs in the elderly.
Greek chloazo, to become green
Group of fairly large, pigmented facial patches, often associated with pregnancy.
Growth of fibrous tissue inside a wound that forms a scar; also, general term for scar.
Eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simples virus Type 1.
comedo (pl., comedos, comedones)
Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead.
Growth of hard skin, usually on toes.
Hard layer, especially one formed by dried pus, as in a scab.
Abnormal sac containing fluid.
decubitus (pl., decubiti), decubitus ulcer
Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure; pressure sore.
Loss of color of the skin.
dermat + itis
Inflammation of the skin.
ecchymosis (pl., ecchymoses)
Purplish skin patch (bruise) caused by broken blood vessels beneath the surface.
Severe inflammatory condition of the skin, usually of unknown cause.
Wearing away of the surface of the skin, especially when caused by friction.
Injury to the surface of the skin caused by a scratch, abrasion, or burn, usually accompanied by some oozing.
Eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus Type 1.
Least severe burn, causes injury to the surface of the skin without blistering.
Deep slit in the skin.
Localized skin infection, usually in a hair follicle a containing pus; boil.
Death of an area of skin, usually caused by loss of blood supply to the area.
Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. herpes simplex virus Type 2.
An inflammatory skin disease caused by viruses of the Herpesviridae.
herpes simplex virus Type 1
Herpes that recurs on the lips and around the area of the mouth, usually during viral illnesses or states of stress.
herpes simplex virus Type 2
Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact.
Painful herpes that affects nerve roots; shingles.
Group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritis and often caused by an allergy. or urticaria
A type of pyoderma.
Skin cancer associated with AIDS.
Thick scarring of the skin that forms after and injury or surgery.
kerat(o) + osis
Lesion on the epidermis containing keratin.
Wound, damage, or injury to the skin.
leuko + derma
Absence of pigment in the skin or in an area of the skin.
leuko + plakia, plaque
White patch of mucus membrane on the tongue or cheek.
Small, flat, noticeably colored spot on the skin.
Virulent skin cancer originating in the melanocytes, usually caused by overexposure to the sun.
Abnormal tissue growth.
Small knob of tissue.
onycho + ia
Inflammation of the nail.
onycho + pathy
Disease of the nail.
Small, solid elevation on the skin.
Inflammation, with pus, of the fold surrounding the nail plate.
Small area of the skin differing in color from the surrounding ares; plaque.
petechia (pl., petechiae)
A tiny hemorrhage beneath the surface of the skin.
Cyst containing hair, usually found at the lower end of the spinal column.
Small area of the skin differing in color from the surrounding areas; patch.
Bulging mass of tissue that projects outward from the skin surface.
Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure; decubitus ulcer.
Chronic skin condition accompanied by scaly lesions with extreme pruritus.
Skin condition with extensive hemorrhages underneath the skin covering a wide area.
Small elevation of the skin containing pus.
pyo + derma
Any inflammation of the skin that produces pus.
Fungul infection; tinea
Vascular disease that causes blotchy, red patches on the skin, particularly on the nose and cheeks.
Skin eruption of small, rosy patches, usually caused by a virus.
Disease that causes a viral skin rash; German measles.
Disease that causes a viral skin rash; measles.
Skin eruption caused by a mite burrowing into the skin.
Small plate of hard skin that falls off.
sclero + derma
Thickening of the skin caused by an increase in collagen formation.
Cyst containing yellow sebum.
sebo + rrhea
Overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous gland.
Moderately severe burn that affects the epidermis and dermis; usually involves blistering.
Viral disease affecting peripheral nerves and caused by herpes zoster.
squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer of the squamous epithelium.
A permanent dilation of the small blood vessels.
Most severe type of burn; involves complete destruction of an area of skin.
Fungal infection; ringworm
Any mass of tissue; swelling.
Open lesion, usually with superficial loss of tissue.
Group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritis and often caused by an allergy.
Contagious skin disease, usually ocurring during childhood, and often accompanied by the formation of pustules; chicken pox.
verruca (pl., verrucae)
Flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by a virus; wart.
Small, raised sac on the skin containing fluid.
Condition in which white patches appear on otherwise normally pigmented skin.
flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by a virus; verruca
Itchy patch of raised skin.
Closed comedo that does not contain the dark bacteria present in blackheads.
allo + graft
Skin graft using donar skin from one person to another; homograft.
auto + graft
Skin graft using skin from one's own body.
bio + opsy
Excision of tissue for microscopic examination.
The application of heat to an area to cause coagualtion and stop bleeding.
cryo + surgery
Surgery that removes tissue by freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
Removal of tissue from an area, such as a wound, by scraping.
Removal of dead tissue from a wound.
derm + abrasion
Removal of wrinkles, scars, tattoos, and other marks by scraping with brushes or emery papers.
Drying with electrical current.
Destruction of tissue using electric sparks.
hetero + graft
Skin graft using donor skin from one species to another; xenograft.
homo + graft
Skin graft using donor skin from one person to another; allograft.
Repair or reconstruction (as of the skin) by means of surgery.
Placement of fresh skin over a damaged area.
xeno + graft
Skin graft using donor skin from one species to another; heterograft.