ADW Cues

Card Set Information

Author:
ljloftis
ID:
202832
Filename:
ADW Cues
Updated:
2013-03-04 00:16:38
Tags:
dog commands
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Description:
-Be sure you have the dog's attention before attempting any cues! -Say cue ONCE -- clearly, quietly, but firmly -- and pause to give dog time to respond. Be patient! Many dogs take a little while to process information. Do not repeat the cue unless dog is distracted or does not appear to understand. -ALWAYS mark (with "Yes!") and reward (with treat, praise, petting, etc.) EVERY correct response! This is CRITICAL! -Use of physical prompt is NOT desirable and should not generally be necessary. Only use if dog seems confused about cue.
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  1. [Dog's Name]
    • Means: "Stop, look, and listen!"
    • Description: Dog looks at and focuses on handler.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Touch the dog, slight movement.
    • Do NOT: Say "yo," "hey," "excuse me," etc., or tug on leash. Don't use as a substitute for a specific command (such as "Come").
    • Note: Always follow "[Dog's Name]" quickly with another command (such as "Sit").
  2. Yes!
    • Means: "That's exactly right!"
    • Description: Marks the end of a correct behavior.
    • Do NOT: Say "yes, yes, yes!" or use as praise.
    • Note: Say crisply. Reward as quickly as possible. Practice saying "Yes" as quickly as a click.
  3. Good Dog! Good [Boy/Girl]! Thank you!
    • Means: "Good job! Thanks!"
    • Description: Rewards/praises dog for completion of a command
    • Note: SMILE! Say with sincerity!
  4. Watch Me
    • Means: "Look at me."
    • Description: Dog looks into handler's eyes. Should hold eye contact 3-5 seconds.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hold treat in hand and bring up to eyes
    • Do NOT: Use "Watch Me" to get dog's attention.
    • Note: Useful training steps: Hand out to side with treat in it; hand behind back.
  5. Sit
    • Means: "Butt on the ground"
    • Description: Dog's front legs are straight with rear end on the ground.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hand moves over dog's head, up, and backwards.
    • Do NOT: Push dog's rump, pull up on leash.
    • Note: If at handler's side, dog should sit parallel to handler with front legs in line with person's leg. Do not reward if dog goes "Down" instead of maintaining "Sit," or butt leaves ground. Say "Yes" and reward promptly to avoid this.
  6. Down
    • Means: "Belly on the ground."
    • Description: From any starting position, dog puts belly and elbows on the ground.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Palm in downward motion.
    • Do NOT: Bend over, lower voice saying "Dooowwwnnn," use head movement, pull legs out in front, use questioning voice, have dog "Sit" first.
    • Note: Make sure treats are given when belly in on ground only. If at the handler's side, dog should lie parallel to handler with shoulder in line with person's leg and rear legs pointing away from handler ("Hip").
  7. Come
    • Means: "Come to me."
    • Description: Dog comes directly to handler (off-lead).
    • Prompt (only if needed): Clapping, walking the other way, whistle, etc.
    • Do NOT: Say "come here" or "come on." Don't use mean tone of voice or reprimand dog after coming. No chasing or screaming insanely.
    • Note: Make yourself more interesting than the environment. Dog should come to handler before handler reaches dog. If leashed, should pick up leash and hand to handler.
  8. Closer
    • Means: "Move closer to me."
    • Description: On leash, dog moves closer to handler, stationary or moving.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Pat body or object with hand; take one step to side or back.
    • Do NOT: Pull on leash, reach out when dog comes to you.
    • Note: Use instead of "Come" when dog is on lead to get dog closer.
  9. Left
    • Means: "Move to my left side."
    • Description: Dog moves from any position to the handler's left side. Dog's body should be parallel with handler's, facing forward, with the dog's shoulders close to the handler's legs. Can be standing or sitting at finish.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Lead into position with leash or big sweeping motion of hand to left side, or head motion to left side.
  10. Right
    • Means: "Move to my right side."
    • Description: Dog moves from any position to the handler's right side. Dog's body should be parallel with handler's, facing forward, with the dog's shoulders close to the handler's legs. Can be standing or sitting at finish.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Lead into position with leash or big sweeping motion of hand to right side, or head motion to right side.
  11. Let's Go
    • Means: "Walk with me."
    • Description: Dog walks with a loose leash reasonably close to handler.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Move forward as command is given. Pat leg if necessary.
    • Do NOT: Tug on leash, say "come on," or allow dog to pull.
    • Note: Reward dog for walking nicely and looking at you.
  12. Wait
    • Means: "Stop moving."
    • Description: Dog pauses (stops) motion, usually at barrier or threshold.
    • Do NOT: Pull back on leash.
    • Note: Also used to prevent exiting from car.
  13. Stay
    • Means: "Stay like a statue!"
    • Description: Dog freezes in position (standing, sitting, or lying down).
    • Prompt (only if needed): Palm toward dog like stop sign.
    • Do NOT: Repeat cue over and over. Don't shout or sound menacing. Don't frequently use "Come" to call off "Stay." ?(Use "Release" instead)?
    • Note: For most purposes, a "Down/Stay" is most useful. Reward dog while staying, not after release. Beware asking dog to "Stay" in dangerous location, or "Sit/Stay" on slippery floors.
  14. Get Your Leash
    • Means: "Pick up your leash and hand it to me."
    • Description: Dog picks up leash with mouth, takes it to handler's hand, and releases on "Give."
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to leash, present palm for delivery.
    • Do NOT: Move leash with foot to get dog interested.
    • Note: If leash is tangled around dog's legs, dog should "Fix It" before giving leash to handler. Dog picks up leash when going to handler on "Come."
  15. Jump On
    • Means: "Jump all the way up onto something."
    • Description: Dog gets all four paws up onto a table, bench, etc.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Tap surface with flat palm.
    • Note: If dog is jumping onto bed with handler in it, dog must be respectful of handler's body. Dog must "Off" bed on cue.
  16. Off
    • Means: "Four on the floor."
    • Description: Dog puts all paws on the floor.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to ground, step back, lean back, turn away.
    • Do NOT: Use "Down" or pull on leash.
    • Note: Use after "Up," "Jump On," and as release for exiting vehicle. Also use when dog jumps up without being cued to do so. Use "Off" if dog begins to move before "Up" or "Jump On" cue (before dog's paws leave surface).
  17. Up
    • Means: "Put your front paws up on something."
    • Description: Dog places front paws on table, wall, bed, countertop, etc.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point at or touch surface.
    • Do NOT: Use flat palm tapping (signal for "Jump On"). Don't allow to come down off surface before "Off" command is given.
    • Note: Reward while "Up." Be sure there isn't something (treats, etc.) on the table for dog to self-reward with!
  18. Stand
    • Means: "Stand here without moving."
    • Description: Dog stands with no movement.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Luring hand motion: Pull hand out horizontally from dog's nose.
    • Do NOT: Say "stand up" or "Up" or "come on."
  19. Release
    • Means: "All done!"
    • Description: Releases dog from previous command. Dog can do what it wants until further instructed.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Arms spread wide, happy voice.
    • Note: Can also use "Okay" as release command.
  20. Ah!
    • Means: "Stop!"
    • Description: Interrupts undesired behavior.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Clap, stomp foot, other sharp noise to accompany cue.
    • Do NOT: Pull back on leash.
    • Note: Say command sharply, with nasal tone. Try not to overuse. Can also try "Ssst!" sound. Follow promptly with another command such as "Leave It" or "Watch Me."
  21. Leave It
    • Means: "Get away from that!"
    • Description: Dog immediately moves away from object, animal, or person.
    • Do NOT: Jerk on leash.
    • Note: Use sharp tone of voice to startle dog. Do not say it every 3 feet or every time dog move out to end of leash. If dog ignores cue, try "Ah!" or other interrupter.
  22. Go Through
    • Means: "Go through door ahead of me."
    • Description: Dog goes through doorway ahead of handler and then turns around to face handler.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Sweeping arm motion through doorway.
    • Do NOT: Move body, nod head toward doorway, or say "go on through."
  23. Back
    • Means: "Move backwards."
    • Description: Dog moves in straight backward motion.
    • Prompt (only if needed): In front, handler's body moving toward dog. At side, slight backward pressure on leash and step back.
    • Do NOT: Say "back up."
    • Note: Dog should be able to "Back" in any direction, in front or side of person. Can use verbal cue repeatedly if necessary.
  24. Behind
    • Means: "Let me go through first."
    • Description: Dog walks behind handler while passing through a doorway or narrow passage.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hold leash behind body.
    • Note: Practice in tight areas, airplanes, etc. Use target in training.
  25. Roll
    • Means: "Roll over and show your belly."
    • Description: While lying down, dog turns to reveal its belly.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Touch shoulder or groin and apply pressure.
    • Do NOT: Say "roll over" or have dog roll all the way over.
  26. Under
    • Means: "Go under the table, bench, etc., and lie down."
    • Description: Dog crawls under elevated surface (table, bench, etc.) and lies down.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Directional hand signal, target with leash movement.
    • Do NOT: Say "Go under."
    • Note: Remember to train with different heights, widths, and spaces. Be sure adequate space exists for dog to get under. Dog can also "Under" beneath legs or chair.
  27. Go To Bed
    • Means: "Go lie where I've indicated and stay there."
    • Description: Dog goes to a bed (or other place), lies down, and stays until released.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to bed, verbal "Down" when on bed.
    • Note: Should be able to "Go To Bed" from a distance. "Bed" can be any mat, rug, towel, etc., but dog should be shown the bed initially. There can be more than one bed.
  28. Crate
    • Means: "Get into the crate, and lie there."
    • Description: Dog enters crate, lies down, and stays until released.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Open door to crate, hand motion into crate.
    • Do NOT: Let dog crash out of crate when opening.
    • Note: Okay to lure with food tossed into crate. Can feed dog in crate if necessary, especially in the beginning. Let dog chew on bones in crate.
  29. Push
    • Means: "Use your nose to close that door, drawer, etc."
    • Description: Dog puts nose on surface (door, drawer, etc.) and pushes until closed.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Target with fingers or physical equipment (lid, tape, etc.).
    • Do NOT: Say "touch." Don't allow use of paws.
    • Note: May repeat cue as needed to complete task.
  30. Move
    • Means: "Move over and give me more space."
    • Description: Dog moves body away from handler in any direction.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Person moves toward dog, sweeping hand way from body.
    • Do NOT: Say "move it" or use stern or loud voice.
  31. Settle
    • Means: "Straighten up and settle down."
    • Description: Dog should quit playing around and be serious.
  32. Fix It
    • Means: "Untangle your leash."
    • Description: Dog untangles its feet from the leash or unwraps its leash from around a pole.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Jingle/tug leash.
    • Note: Dog should automatically "Fix It" before handing leash to handler.
  33. Get It
    • Means: "Pick that up."
    • Description: Dog picks up item (from floor or surface) with mouth.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to item, laser light. Hold out hand to receive item.
    • Do NOT: Allow dog to molest object with paws or chew on item.
  34. Take It
    • Means: "Here, take this from me with your mouth."
    • Description: Dog takes item from person's hand and holds it with mouth.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Present item.
    • Do NOT: Allow dog to chew on object.
  35. Hold
    • Means: "Hold this for me with your mouth."
    • Description: Dog firmly but gently grips object with mouth.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Tap/touch dog's chin, hold muzzle/chin.
    • Do NOT: Let dog mouth, chomp, or chew on item!
  36. Bring It Here
    • Means: "Carry the item to me."
    • Description: Dog comes to person while carrying item.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hold out hand to receive item.
    • Note: Usually not needed after "Get It." Use if dog is distracted or confused.
  37. Give
    • Means: "Let go of it and let me have it."
    • Description: Dog releases item from mouth to person's hand.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hand/open palm to receive item.
    • Do NOT: Use hand touching or around object to signal release of item.
    • Note: A verbal "Give" is the only acceptable release of object (unless handler is nonverbal).
  38. That's It
    • Means: "Good! Keep it up!"
    • Description: In retrieves and other distance behaviors, dog should continue in direction it is going.
  39. Drop It
    • Means: "Drop what's in your mouth."
    • Description: Dog lets object fall from mouth.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to ground ?Is this the hand signal for "Down"?
    • Do NOT: Shout or sound threatening.
  40. Tug
    • Means: "Take in your teeth and pull backwards."
    • Description: Dog grabs strap or item, holds with teeth, and steps backwards while pulling.
    • Prompt (only if needed): May need to point to object to be tugged.
    • Do NOT: Lift or move tug strap to get dog's attention.
    • Note: May repeat cue as needed to complete task.
  41. Tap
    • Means: "Use your front paw to hit a surface."
    • Description: Dog hits surface or item with front paw.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Use target (fingers, tape, etc.)
    • Note: May be used to push heavy buttons or doors (instead of nose push).
  42. Turn
    • Means: "Face the other way."
    • Description: Dog turns around to face the opposite direction.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Lead with leash.
    • Do NOT: Say "turn around."
  43. Out
    • Means: "Leave the room/area."
    • Description: Dog goes out of room or area.
    • Prompt: Point with arm.
  44. Car
    • Means: "Get into the vehicle."
    • Description: Dog jumps into motor vehicle.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Arm motion into car.
    • Do NOT: Throw food into car to lure.
  45. My Lap
    • Means: "Put your paws on my lap."
    • Description: Dog puts front paws in person's lap.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Tap thighs or chest with hands.
    • Note: Reward in position. Dog should stay in position until given "Off" command.
  46. Visit
    • Means: "Put your head in my lap."
    • Description: Dog rests head in person's lap.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to lap, 2-finger target.
    • Note: Dog can stand at side (head on thigh) or front (head between thighs). Dog should remain in position until released.
  47. Get Dressed
    • Means: "Put your head into your collar or backpack."
    • Description: Dog puts head through collar or backpack and remains stationary until buckle is fastened and dog is released.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hold collar/pack open for dog to put head through. Target with fingers if necessary.
  48. Hip
    • Means: "Lie on your side."
    • Description: In "Down" position next to handler, dog rolls onto near hip so rear legs point away from handler.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hand motion to turn head and allow dog to flop onto hip.
    • Note: Dog should remain in position until released.
  49. Front
    • Means: "Stand in front of me (but not facing me)."
    • Description: Dog moves from any position to stand perpendicular to the direction the handler's body is facing.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Finger/palm target to side of knees.
    • Note: May be followed by "Sit" or "Down."
  50. Speak
    • Means: "Bark."
    • Description: Dog barks.
  51. Quiet
    • Means: "Hush."
    • Description: Dog stops barking.
  52. Shake
    • Means: "Shake my hand."
    • Description: Dog presents paw in greeting.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hold out open palm near dog's shoulder height.
  53. Kiss
    • Means: "Give me a kiss."
    • Description: Dog gives person a kiss.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Use fingers to target.
  54. Target
    • Means: "Follow this with your nose."
    • Description: Dog follows and touches object lightly with nose.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Two fingers, tape, laser pointer, target stick, palm.
    • Do NOT: Use as a substitute for "Push." Don't allow licking or biting.
  55. Up/Push
    • Means: "Jump and push that button (or other object."
    • Description: Dog puts front paws up on surface or wall and pushes button or other object with nose.
    • Prompt (only if needed): May need to point to button.
    • Note: Dog should use nose but may use paw if button is hard to push.
  56. Up/Get It
    • Means: "Put your paws up there and get that."
    • Description: Dog puts paws on surface and gets item.
    • Prompt (only if needed): May need to point or use laser to indicate location of object.
  57. Up/Give
    • Means: "Put your paws up there and give it to a person."
    • Description: Dog puts paws on surface and gives something to a person.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Present open hand to receive item.
    • Note: Dog should stay in position until given "Off" command.
  58. Up/Drop It
    • Means: "Put your paws up there and drop the item up there."
    • Description: Dog puts paws on surface and drops item.
    • Note: Dog should stay in position until given "Off" command.
  59. My Lap/Give
    • Means: "Put paws in person's lap and place item in hand."
    • Description: Dog puts paws on person's lap and delivers item to hand.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Tap chest. Present open hand to receive item.
    • Note: Dog should stay in position until given "Off" command.
  60. My Lap/Drop It
    • Means: "Put paws in person's lap and drop item.
    • Description: Dog puts paws on person's lap and drops item.
    • Note: Dog should stay in position until given "Off" command.
  61. Visit/Give
    • Means: "Put head in person's lap and place item in hand."
    • Description: Dog puts head on person's lap and delivers item to hand.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to lap, 2-finger target. Present open hand to receive item.
  62. Visit/Drop It
    • Means: "Put head in person's lap and drop item."
    • Description: Dog puts head on person's lap and drops item.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to lap, 2-finger target.
  63. Careful
    • Means: "Take the food gently without biting."
    • Description: Dog should take food gently, without biting.
    • Prompt (only if needed): If biting, try pushing treat into mouth to get dog to back off.
    • Do NOT: Yank treat away quickly.
    • Note: If dog does not respond to "Careful" and continues  to bite hard, use open palm to deliver treat.
  64. Better Go Now
    • Means: "Relieve yourself while you can."
    • Description: Dog relieves itself (urination/defecation).
    • Note: Only praise right after completion. Should be able to go on any appropriate surface. Should be able to go to curb and have dog go within four feet of handler. Should occur within 3 minutes of cue.
  65. Light
    • Means: "Turn light switch on with your nose."
    • Description: Dog pushes light switch up with nose.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to switch.
    • Do NOT: Allow dog to use teeth or claw wall.
    • Note: On rocker-type switches, use "Push."
  66. Switch
    • Means: "Turn light switch off with your nose."
    • Description: Dog pushes light switch off with nose.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to switch.
    • Do NOT: Allow dog to use teeth or claw wall.
    • Note: On rocker-type switches, use "Push."
  67. Stairs
    • Means: "Walk on the stairs with me."
    • Description: Dog walks nicely up or down stairs, keeping front feet on same step as handler.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Step forward onto next step.
    • Do NOT: Allow to bolt up/down last few steps.
    • Note: Usually start by using "Wait" before first step up or down.
  68. Stair (with Harness)
    • Means: "Help me with the stairs."
    • Description: Dog moves up or down onto next step.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Tug on harness or leash.
    • Do NOT: Let handler motion be cue for dog to move.
    • Note: Handler should be behind dog when going up and ahead of dog when going down.
  69. Check It!
    • Means: "Look at that until I let you stop."
    • Description: Dog looks at dog/object/distraction until given click or "Yes!"
    • Do NOT: Wait until dog turns back to you to mark behavior.
    • Note: Best used with clicker to regain attention from distraction. Used for stressful distractions like other dogs, people, etc.
  70. No
    • Means: "Whatever you're doing, STOP IT!"
    • Description: Dog should stop what it is doing immediately.
    • Do NOT: Overuse, yell (unless emergency), raise voice.
    • Note: Avoid using in public.
  71. Chin (Maintain)
    • Means: "Put your chin in my palm."
    • Description: Dog places chin in handler's palm and holds still.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Open, cupped palm.
  72. Paw (Maintain)
    • Means: "Put your paw in my palm."
    • Description: Dog places paw in handler's palm and holds still.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Open, cupped palm.
  73. Brace
    • Means: "Get ready. Brace yourself."
    • Description: Dog firmly plants feet and prepares to take significant weight on shoulders.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Hand on dog's shoulder.
  74. Show Me
    • Means: "Show me what you mean."
    • Description: Dog leads handler to a sound, person, or place. In the case of a smoke detector, dog lies down.
    • Do NOT: Lead the dog to the sound.
  75. Take It To [Person's Name]
    • Means: "Take this item to [person's name]."
    • Description: Dog carries item to another person.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point in direction of recipient.
  76. Get Your Pack
    • Means: "Find your [pack/vest], and bring it here."
    • Description: Dog finds and brings backpack/vest.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point in direction of pack.
  77. Get The [Name of Item]
    • Means: "Get that for me."
    • Description: Dog gets whatever you say.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point in direction of object.
  78. Go Get [Person's Name]
    • Means: "Go get the person I said."
    • Description: Dog finds named person.
  79. Go To [Person's Name]
    • Means: "Go see the person I said."
    • Description: Dog goes to named person.
    • Prompt (only if needed): Point to person.

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