Geography Study Guide Key Concepts
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China - Population Policy- Enforced?- Effect on Soc
- 1. one child policy-1979 Deng Xiaoping established to limit pop growth
- 2.Rural areas/minorities exempt
- 3.abortion, neglect, abandonment, and even infanticide have been known to occur to female infants.
- 4.20 to 30 million surplus men.
- 5.only children generation will assume the role of sole caretakers of their aging parents
- 6. Surplus men try to migrate illegally
What factors account for the worldwide decline in death rates since 1945?
- 1.preventative and curative health care has spread to all parts of the world
- 2. controlling epidemic and contagious diseases
- 3. smaller families/fertility transition
- 4. Medicine-Everyone lives longer, and infants are much more likely to survive. public health
- 1.two bar graphs (one for male, one for female) side by side.
- 2.population plotted on the X-axis and age on the Y-axis
- 3. measured by raw number or as a percentage of the total population.
- 4.Show sex in yr age group(cohort)
- 5.tends to be more females than males in the older age groups, due to females' longer life expectancy.
Population Pyramid Rapid Growing Country
- 1. These pyramids show a strong base and a very narrow top.
- 2. Birth rates are high and there many children and young people
Population Pyramid shape-Slow Growth Country
straighter" population pyramid
Slow growth populaton economic/political predictions
- -Older peop slow econ growth
- -an increase in immigration for younger workers
- -better education
- -richer country
- -less crime
Rapidly Growing populaton economic/political predictions
- -Growth in Trade
- - low labor and production costs
- -political instability, corruption, a lack of transparency and infrastructure, and homegrown companies without much of a reputation or brand identification.
# of Stages of Demographic Transition
1234 possibly five
Stage one of Demographic transition
- 1. high fluctuating birth and death rate
- 2. No great population growth
- 3. Barely education/medication
- 4. Many children less old peop. Little fam plan
Stage 2 of Demography
- 1. rise in population
- 2. improved sanitation, tech, and transport
- 3. better health care: higher living standards/longer life expectancy.
Stage 3 of Demography
- 1. low death rate + declining birth rate = more pop
- 2. fam plan, better education, lower infant mortality rate, a more industrialized life
- 3. More women work
- 4. More westernized
Demography Stage 4
- 1. Highly established pop like switzerland
- 2. very low birth/death rates
Demography Possible stage 5
- 1. negative growth rate=less births than deaths
- 2. country such as Sweden
- 3. Very developed
Contrast arithmetic and physiologic densities
- 1. total # of pop in proportion to area of land size
- 2. total pop in proportion to the area of arable land.
What are low/high arithmetic/physiologic densities of several countries?
- Canada AD 3(Low) PD 71(Low)
- U.S. AD 31(Low) PD 172(Low)
- Egypt AD 75(Low) PD 2,580(High)
- U.K. AD 247(Low)PD 1,069(High)
- Japan AD 338(low) PD 2,907(high)
- India AD 350(Med)PD 699(high)
What are the four most populated concentrations in the world and what are their concentrations?
- China-1,343,239,923 above one billion
- India- 1,210,193,422 above one billion
- U.S.- 315,562,000 above three hundred million
- Indonesia- 237,641,326 above two hundred mil
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