unit 3 chapter 6,7,8

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krky3451
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202886
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unit 3 chapter 6,7,8
Updated:
2013-02-24 02:01:17
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urinary system male female reproductive
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suffixes, combining forms
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  1. -cele
    herniation, hernia; protrusion
  2. -dipsia     dips/o
    thirst, condition of thirst
  3. -pexy
    surgical fixation; suspension
  4. -ptosis
    drooping, sagging; prolapse
  5. -scopic
    Pt visual examination
  6. -trite, -tripter, -triptor
    • instrument
    • used to crush
  7. -tripsy
    crushing, process of crushing
  8. -uria
    • urine condition,
    • urinary condition, condition of urine; urination; urination of ____; ____in the
    • urine
  9. azot/o
    nitrogen
  10. gluc/o glycos/o
    glucose, sugar
  11. hydr/o
    fluid, water
  12. kal/i      K+
    potassium
  13. lith/o
    stone (calculus/calculi)
  14. meat/o
    meatus (an opening)
  15. natr/o  Na+
    sodium (salt)
  16. nephr/o
    kidney
  17. noct/i
    night
  18. olig/o
    scanty; few
  19. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  20. ren/o
    kidney
  21. ureter/o
    ureter
  22. urethr/o
    urethra
  23. urin/o, ur/o
    urine; urinary system
  24. vesic/o
    urinary bladder; sac; cyst
  25. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram
  26. ESWL
    • extracorporeal
    • shockwave lithotripsy
  27. VCUG
    • voiding 
    • cystourethrography
  28. catheter
    • flexible tube used to instill or withdraw fluid or as
    • an access for instruments
  29. urinalysis
    • physical, chemical, and/or microscopic examination of
    • urine
  30. diuresis
    increased amount of fluid in urine   (dilute urine---increased urine production)
  31. diuretic
    substance or medication that brings about diuresis
  32. edema
    • fluid retention   
    • (accumulation of fluid in tissues)
  33. enuresis
    involuntary urination; bedwetting
  34. nocturnal enuresis
    bedwetting at night
  35. homeostasis
    • the tendency of an organism to keep its internal
    • environment constant (in balance)
  36. incontinence
    involuntary leakage of urine
  37. retention
    inability to urinate or empty bladder
  38. urgency
    sensation of the need to urinate immediately
  39. urination
    releasing urine from the bladder; voiding, micturation
  40. circum-
    around
  41. non-
    not
  42. -cision
    process of cutting
  43. -gen
    substance or agent that causes or produces
  44. -genesis
    formation of, production of
  45. andr/o
    male, maleness
  46. anthrop/o
    human being
  47. balan/o
    glans penis
  48. epididym/o
    epididymis
  49. orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o
    • testis- testes, 
    • testicle-testicles
  50. pen/i, phall/o
    penis
  51. preputi/o
    prepuce, foreskin
  52. plethysm/o
    volume
  53. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  54. scrot/o
    scrotum
  55. semin/i
    semen
  56. sperm/o, spermat/o
    sperm, spermatozoon-spermatozoa
  57. terat/o
    • malformation 
    • (monster               )
  58. test/o, testiclu/o
    • testis- testes, 
    • testicle-testicles
  59. vas/o
    • vessel, duct ; vas deferens, ductus deferens, seminal
    • duct
  60. varic/o
    varices, varicose veins
  61. vesicul/o
    seminal vesicle
  62. zo/o
    • live;  animal
    • life
  63. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia
  64. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  65. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  66. aspermia
    • inability to either form or ejaculate (release
    • with force) semen
  67. azoospermia
    no live spermatozoa in semen
  68. circumcision
    removal of the prepuce (foreskin)
  69. epispadias, hyperspadias
    urinary meatus on the topside of penis
  70. hypospadia, hypospadias
    urinary meatus on underside of penis
  71. gynecomastia
    • abnormal increase of breast tissue in males due
    • to medication
    • or hormones
  72. phimosis
    • stricture of
    • the prepuce (foreskin)
  73. testicular torsion
    • twisting of spermatic cord( sheath
    • containing the vas deferens, blood vessels, and nerves)
  74. multi-
    many; more than one
  75. nulli-
    none; never
  76. oxy-
    rapid
  77. primi-
    first
  78. -amnios
    amnion; amniotic fluid
  79. -arche
    first, beginning
  80. -gravida
    • pregnancy; a pregnant 
    • woman
  81. -para
    a woman who delivered viable offspring
  82. -partum
    childbirth, labor &delivery
  83. -pause
    stopping, cessation
  84. -tocia
    labor; childbirth
  85. -rrhagia
    excessive or prolonged bleeding   (Co bursting forth)   (-rrhage    to burst forth)
  86. -rrhexis
    rupture
  87. -salpinx
    • tube   (fallopian,
    • uterine; Eustachian)
  88. amni/o
    amnion
  89. gynec/o
    woman, female
  90. lapar/o
    • abdomen; abdominal cavity;
    • abdominal wall
  91. culd/o
    rectouterine pouch
  92. colp/o, vagin/o
    vagina
  93. chori/o
    chorion
  94. endometri/o
    endometrium
  95. episi/o, vulv/o
    vulva, external genitalia
  96. men/o
    menses, menstruation
  97. metr/o, metri/o
    uterus
  98. myometri/o
    myometrium
  99. oophor/o
    ovary
  100. o/o
    egg
  101. perimetri/o
    perimetrium
  102. perine/o
    perineum
  103. puerper/o
    puerperium
  104. thel/o
    nipple
  105. salping/o
    • tube   (fallopian,
    • uterine; Eustachian)
  106. endometriosis
    endometrial tissue forming outside of the uterus
  107. eclampsia
    • serious form of hypertension (high blood pressure)
    • secondary to pregnancy
  108. ectopic pregnancy
    • implantation of the embryo/pregnancy outside of the
    • uterus; 90%
    • in fallopian tubes
  109. galactorrhea
    • discharge of milk not associated with childbirth, nursing,
    • or lactation (in males also)
  110. gestation
    pregnancy
  111. parturition
    childbirth, labor & delivery
  112. patent, patency
    open (no occlusion or blockage
  113. polycystic ovarian syndrome
    • bilateral presence of numerous cysts caused by
    • hormonal activity
  114. congenital anomaly
    abnormality present at birth; birth defect
  115. tubal ligation
    • incising and tying off of the fallopian (uterine)
    • tubes; a type of sterilization

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