Antianginal Drugs

Card Set Information

Antianginal Drugs
2013-02-23 21:38:08
Pharm test

Pharm test 3
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  1. Nitrates/Nitrites Mechanism of Action
    • Dilate all blood vessels
    • ~coronary arteries
  2. Nitrates/Nitrites Indications
    • stable, unstable, and vasospastic angina
    • can prevent
  3. Nitrates/Nitrite Contraindications
    severe anemia, closed-angle glaucoma, hypotension, severe head injury
  4. Nitrates/Nitrite Adverse Effect
    • headache, hypotension
    • reflex tachycardia
  5. Beta-Blocker mechanism reaction
    block beta 1 receptos on the heart
  6. Beta-blocker Indications
    • exertional angina,¬†
    • antihypertensive, cardiac dysrhythmias, cardioprotective effects
    • migraine headaches, essential tremors, stage fright
  7. Beta-blocker contraindications
    • systolic heart failure and serious conduction disturbances
    • bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus, reduced mental alertness, peripheral vascular disease
  8. Beta-Blocker Adverse Effects
    • decrease in heart rate, cardiac output, cardiac contractility, bronchoconstriction
    • increased airway resistance
    • cardiovascular- hypotension, second or third degree heart block, heart failure
    • Metabolic- altered glucose and lipid metabolim
    • CNS- dizziness, fatigue, mental depression, lethargy, drowsiness, unusual dreams
    • Other: impotence, wheezing, dyspnea
  9. Calcium channel Mechanism of Action
    cause coronary artery and peripheral arterial vasodilation
  10. Calcium channel Indications
    • short term atrial fibrillation and flutter, migraines, Raynaud's disease
    • angina, hypertension, supraventricular tachycardia¬†
    • coronary artery spasms
  11. Calcium channel Contraindications
    acute MI, AV block, hypotension
  12. Calcium Channel Adverse Effects
    hypotension, palpitations, tachycardia, bradycardia, constipation, nausea, dyspnea
  13. Calcium Channel Interactions
    grapefruit juice