220 lymphatics, head , neck

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elevatedsound7
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203053
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220 lymphatics, head , neck
Updated:
2013-02-28 05:50:57
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220 lymphatic head neck
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220 lymphatics, head, neck
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  1. what are the cranial bones
    • occipital - lower back of skull
    • parietal - upper back side of skull
    • frontal  - front of skull
    • temporal - directly above the ear
    • ethmoid -
    • sphenoid - anterior to the temporal bone
  2. cranial sutures =
    • lambdoid - seperates parittal bone from occipital bone
    • coronal - across top of skull laterally
    • sagittal - top to back midline
  3. what are the nasolabial folds
    the creases running from nose to corner of mouth
  4. what are the palpebral fissures
    seperation between upper and lower eyelids
  5. name the lymphatic of head and neck
    • preauricular - in front of ear
    • posterior auricular - behind the ear on mastoid process
    • occipital - on back of head
    • tonsilur - below ear along jaw line
    • submandibular - below mandible
    • submental - underneath tongue
    • superficial cervical - before sterno.. muscle
    • posterior cervical - behind sterno... muscle
    • deep cervical - underneath sterno ...muscle
    • supraclavicular - above clavical at base of sternocleidomastoid muscle
  6. when examining lymph nodes you want to note
    • site
    • size
    • consistency
    • tenderness
    • mobility
  7. hard lymph nodes suggest
    carcinoma
  8. soft lymph nodes suggest
    normal
  9. enlarged rubber nodes may be due to
    lymphoma
  10. tenderness in lymph nodes implies
    • infection or acute inflammation
    • lack of tenderness is related to malignancy
  11. nodes that are fixed to underlying structures are more likely to be
    carcinoma
  12. where is thyroid located
    above suprasternal notch and below the larynx
  13. to palpate the thyroid you do what
    • tilt head slightly forward
    • displace trachea toward ones die and palpate on opposite side as pt swallows water
  14. pagets disease of bone =
    results on misshappen bones
  15. acromegaly
    too much growth hormone = extended growth = very large features of face and hands
  16. solitary nodule on thyroid =
    increases risk for malignancy
  17. multiple nodules on thryoid =
    • indicate inflammation
    • or multi-nodule goiter
  18. Pilar cyst =
    • smooth firm swelling on scalp
    • benigm growth
  19. cushings syndrome characteristics =
    • moon like face
    • prominent jowels
  20. parkinsons face =
    •  flat and expressionless
    • elevated eyebrows
    • drooling
  21. myxedema =
    • hypothyroidism
    • puffy facial features and dry skin
  22. Graves disease facial features =
    • hyperthyroidism
    • eye lid retraction
  23. cachectic appearance =
    • wasting and debility
    • anorexia
  24. what are the cervical nerves
    • ooottafagvsh
    • olfactory
    • optic
    • occulomotor
    • trochlear
    • trigeminal
    • abducens
    • facial
    • auditory
    • glossopharyngeal
    • vagus
    • spinal accessory
    • hypoglossal
  25. what is the 5th cranial nerve and how do you test for it
    • Trigeminal
    • motor and sensory
    • palpate muscles of mastication while teeth are clenched
    • try to seperate jaw by pushing down on chin
    • light touch on face
  26. what is 7th cranial nerve and how do you test
    • Facial
    • motor and sensory
    • motor = smile frown close eyes tightly against ressistance, show teeth, puff cheeks,
    • sensory = test only if you suspect facial nerve injury (sugar, salt, lemon juice and ask person to identify)
  27. C7 spinous process is known as the vertebra
    prominens
  28. painless rapidly growing had and fixed lymph nodes are suspicious for
    cancer
  29. bulging eyes associated with hyperthyroidism
    exophthalmos

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