Gov't

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Gov't
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Gov't
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  1. Which of the following statements about the nomination process in the U.S. is true?
    A. the nomination is controlled by political parties in the U.S.
    B. in the U.S., nomination is usually tantamount to election
    C. the nomination process in the U.S. is more of an organizational effort than in Europe
    D. parties play a larger role than today than at the tun of the century
    E. parties play a minor role compared to Europe
    E. parties play a minor role compared to Europe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. A major difference between presidential campaigns and congressional campaigns is that
    A. fewer people vote in presidential elections
    B. presidential races are generally more competitive
    C. presidential incumbents can better serve their consitituents
    D. congressional incumbents are more likely to be defeated
    E. presidential incumbents can more easily avoid responsibility
    B. presidential races are generally more competitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following statements best summarizes the value of presidential coattails to congressional candidates of the same party?
    A. it has never been a significant factor
    B. in it becoming more significant today
    C. it remains a significant factor today
    D. it is becoming much less significant today
    E. it is increasingly significant for the Republicans
    D. it is becoming much less significant today
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. David Broder suggested that the first task facing anyone who wishes to become president it to
    A. be accepted by party leaders
    B. get mentioned as a possible candidate
    C. forget about the past
    D. become well known to the voters
    E. get funded
    B. get mentioned as a possible candidate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Since 1962, over ___ percent of House incumbents who sought reelection won it.
    A. 90
    B. 75
    C. 80
    D. 60
    E. 65
    A. 90
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Legislators who think of themselves as delegates are most likely to
    A. follow their constituent's wishes closely
    B. do what they perceive is best
    C. influence committees to vote the delegate's position
    D. gather support from interest group representatives
    E. follow the lead of the party caucuses
    A. follow their constituent's wishes closely
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Legislators who think of themselves as trustees are most likely to
    A. do what they perceive is best
    B. follow their constituent's wishes closely
    C. follow the lead of the party caucuses
    D. influence committees to vote the delegate's position
    E. gather support from interest group representatives
    A. do what they perceive is best
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. One reason why the approach used by a candidate in a general election may not work in a primary is that a primary candidate must
    A. take a more mainstream view of key issues
    B. avoid media scrutiny at all costs
    C. take greater caution to avoid slips of the tongue
    D. be more aware of clothespin voting
    E. play to the ideology of the more liberal or conservative party activists
    E. play to the ideology of the more liberal or conservative party activists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. In the 1968 presidential election, during the height of the Vietnam War, many antiwar voters found neither Richard Nixon nor Hubert Humphrey appealing. the vote they cast is referred to as a(an)
    A. informed vote
    B. concurrent vote
    C. spine vote
    D. clothespin vote
    E. wasted vote
    D. clothespin vote
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Research suggest that the role of television advertising spots in determining the out come of an election is
    A. minimal
    B. important for Republicans in the primaries and for Democrats in general elections
    C. very important in primaries, less so in general elections
    D. important in both primaries and general elections
    E. very important in general elections, less so in primaries
    A. minimal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Candidates are most at risk of verbal slips in the televised
    A. stock speech
    B. debate
    C. visual
    D. spot ad.
    E. B and C.
    B. debate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Assume you are running for office on the Greenbelt ticket and need to reach all of the environmentalist in your area. Your best bet is to rely on
    A. televised debate
    B. paid television ad.
    C. direct mailing
    D. news broad cast
    E. newspaper ad.
    C. direct mailing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. When a voter votes for the candidate whom he or she considers more likely to do a better job in office, the voting is referred to as
    A. prospective voting
    B. retrospective voting
    C. clothespin voting
    D. sociotropic voting
    E. ideological voting
    A. prospective voting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Retrospective voting involves
    A. voting on the basis of ideology when there are no party cues
    B. basing your vote on past performance
    C. voting consistently for the same party
    D. voting for the best candidate
    E. splitting your ticket
    B. basing your vote on past performance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. the text points out that the term sleeping giant can best be applied to the 
    A. White Protestant vote
    B. evangelical vote
    C. Asian-American vote
    D. black vote
    E. Hispanic vote
    E. Hispanic vote
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. One reason interest groups are so common in the U.S. is that
    A. both B and D
    B. society is relatively homogeneous
    C. political authority resides in a handful of officials
    D. political parties are relatively weak
    E. important decisions are made in only a few places
    D. political parties are relatively weak
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. One reason interest groups are so common in the U.S. is that
    A. important decisions are made in only a few places
    B. political parties are relatively strong
    C. the media has much freedom
    D. the country has a great many divergent interest
    E. both A and C
    D. the country has a great many divergent interest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The emergence of large mass-membership unions was an example of interest groups forming as a result of
    A. broad economic developments
    B. the evolution of talented leadership
    C. the enlargement of government responsibilities
    D. legislative captiulation
    E. government policy
    A. broad economic developments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The launching of the Chamber of Commerce was an example of interest groups forming as a result of
    A. the evolution of talented leadership
    B. broad economic developments
    C. government policy
    D. legislative capitulation
    E. the enlargement of government responsibilities
    C. government policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. One type of interest group whose representation in Washington has skyrocketed since 1970 is the
    A. trade association
    B. public interest lobby
    C. corporate lobby
    D. union lobby
    E. professional organization
    B. public interest lobby
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. An organization that seeks to influence public policy is most accurately referred to as a(n)
    A. institutional interest
    B. lobby
    C. referenced interest
    D. interest group
    E. membership interest
    D. interest group
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The U.S. tobacco industry is represented in Washington by a strong lobby that seeks to influence public policy regarding the use of tobacco. This lobby is most accurately called a(n)
    A. referenced interest
    B. institutional interest
    C. membership interest
    D. public interest lobby 
    E. solidary group
    B. institutional interest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. At some point in your life, you will probably join a group largely for companionship and pleasure. Such a group is satisfying your____ needs.
    A. party
    B. solidary
    C. purposive
    D. concurrent
    E. material
    B. solidary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The National Association of Science Teachers offers its members reduced rates on car rentals. Such benefits to members are called____ benefits.
    A. material
    B. concurrent
    C. solidary
    D. party
    E. purposive
    A. material
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Unlike other types of mass membership organizations, public interest lobbies principally benefit
    A. local chapters
    B. government employees
    C. legislative leaders
    D. individual clients
    E. nonmembers of the organization
    E. nonmembers of the organization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Ideological interest groups attract people by appealing to
    A. the sociability instinct
    B. economic disparties
    C. a desire to engage in contests for public office
    D. the common economic interest of the members
    E. coherent, often controversial, set of principles
    E. coherent, often controversial, set of principles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following statements about a social movement is generally true?
    A. it can only take place when courts are open to the prospect of radical change in the law
    B. the more purposive its membership, the smaller its size
    C. the more extreme its position, the smaller its size
    D. the more liberal its position, the larger its size
    E. the more moderate its position, the smaller its size
    C. the more extreme its position, the smaller its size
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is
    A. filing suits in court
    B. supplying information to legislatures
    C. manipulating the media for public demonstrations
    D. generating newspaper headlines
    E. mobilizing letter writing campaigns
    B. supplying information to legislatures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Lobbyists are restrained from misrepresenting facts or misleading legislatures by
    A. the 1984 Truth in Lobbying Act
    B. supervision of the federal courts
    C. the fear of losing legislators' trust and confidence
    D. governmental regulatory agencies such as the FTA
    E. the open nature of the lobbying process
    C. the fear of losing legislators' trust and confidence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Interest group activity is protected under the U.S. Constitution by the
    A. 22nd amendment
    B. 4th amendment
    C. 14th amendment
    D. 1st amendment
    e. none of the above
    D. 1st amendment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The relationship between public officials and the media can best be described as
    A. antagonism
    B. rivalry
    C. win-win
    D. love-hate
    E. dependency
    D. love-hate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following statements about the Freedom of Information Act is true?
    A. it places tighter restrictions on media in the U.S. than in other countries
    B. it violates several other congressional statutes and codes
    C. it helps protect U.S. security
    D. it was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1987
    E. it virtually guarantees that some secrets will get out
    E. it virtually guarantees that some secrets will get out
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The phenomenon of newspapers being financed by political parties and politicians developed
    A. in the early days of the republic
    B. throughout most of the 20th century
    C. only in recent years
    D. during the Great Depression
    E. after the Civil War
    A. in the early days of the republic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. William Randolph Hearst used his newspapers to push the U.S. into a war against
    A. Nicaragua
    B. Great Britain
    C. Spain
    D. Vietnam
    E. Germany
    C. Spain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The medium that first allowed public officials to reach the public in a relatively unfiltered manner was
    A. the national newspaper
    B. radio
    C. the national magazine
    D. the New York Times
    E. the wire services
    B. radio
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. At the turn of the century, the growing media sensationalism influencing public opinion was
    A. party rhetoric
    B. purple prose
    C. yellow journalism
    D. pack journalism
    E. muckraking
    C. yellow journalism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. To get TV coverage, public officials typically have to
    A. take a liberal line
    B. take a conservative line
    C. appear organized and well prepared
    D. do something colorful or controversial
    E. be well connected
    D. do something colorful or controversial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What do the New York Times and Washington Post have in common?
    A. they both cater exclusively to a liberal public
    B. they both cater exclusively to a conservative public
    C. they are both local papers with national followings
    D. they both trace their history back more than 100 years
    E. they both have international ownership
    C. they are both local papers with national followings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The national media often play the role of gatekeeper, this means that they can
    A. prevent certain politicians from winning offices by not covering their campaign
    B. influence what subjects become national political issues
    C. influence public opinion on most issues
    D. channel public opinion in a manner that causes politicians to respond
    E. provide greater depth of stories than the local press can handle
    B. influence what subjects become national political issues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The news media interpret a candidate's second-place finish in the Iowa caucuses as a sign of strength. In this role the media are acting as
    A. gatekeeper
    B. adjudicator
    C. watchdog
    D. investigator
    E. scorekeeper
    E. scorekeeper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The New York Times publishes an article accusing a Texas senator of using his power to extract contributions from oil industry executives. In this role the Times is acting as
    A. sounding board
    B. scorekeeper
    C. watchdog
    D. gatekeeper
    E. adjudicator
    C. watchdog
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Compared with local journalists, reporters and editors for the national media tend to be more
    A. critical of the president
    B. conservative
    C. liberal
    D. restricted in what they can write
    E. likely to act as gatekeepers and less likely to act like scorekeepers
    C. liberal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution prevents the government from censoring the media?
    a. the 3rd
    b. the 4th
    c. the 5th
    d. the 21st
    e. none of the above
    e. none of the above
  44. One of the weapons that the government uses to constrain journalist is the 
    A. need for journalist to stay on good terms with their inside sources of info
    B. threat of the government revoking a journalists license
    C. the Supreme Courts ruling in Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire
    D. threat that press officers will bypass the local media and reach the national media directly
    E. enforcement of the Freedom of Information Act of 1976
    A. need for journalist to stay on good terms with their inside sources of info
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Compared to the way the public views the credibility of the media, the media views themselves as
    A. fair and unbiased
    B. more powerful but less reliable
    C. powerless but popular
    D. less powerful but more reliable
    E. more biased but also more popular
    A. fair and unbiased
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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