Chapter 5: Key Individual Differences

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Chapter 5: Key Individual Differences
2013-02-24 20:59:00

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  1. Self-Concept
    • Person's self-perception as a physical, social, spiritual being.
    • -self esteem, efficacy, monitoring.
  2. Forms of Self-Expression (4)
    • 1)Abilities
    • 2)Emotions
    • 3)Job Satisfaction
    • 4)Definition of Success
  3. Cognitions
    A person's knowledge, opinions, or beliefs
  4. Self-Esteem
    One's overall self-evaluation, or one's belief about their self-worth
  5. Branden's 6 Pillars of Self-Esteem
    • 1)Live Consciously
    • 2)Be self-accepting
    • 3)Take Personal Responsibility
    • 4)Be Self-Assertive
    • 5)Live Purposefully
    • 6)Have Personal Integrity
  6. Self-Efficacy
    Belief in one's ability to do a task
  7. Sources of Efficacy Beliefs (4)
    • 1)Prior Experience
    • 2)Behavior Models
    • 3)Persuasion from others
    • 4)Assessment of physical/emotional state
  8. Self-Monitoring
    Observing one's own behavior and adapting it to the situation
  9. Organizational Identification
    Organizational values or beliefs become part of one's self-identity
  10. Personality
    Stable physical and mental characteristics responsible for a person's identity
  11. 5 Personality Dimensions
    • 1)Extraversion-outgoing, talkative
    • 2)Agreeableness-trusting,cooperative
    • 3)Conscientousness-responsible, dependable
    • 4)Emotional Stability-relaxed, secure
    • 5)Openness to Experience-intellectual, curious
  12. Proactive Personality
    Action-oriented person who shows initiative and perseveres to change things
  13. Internal Locus of Control
    Attributing outcomes to one's own actions
  14. External Locus of Control
    Attributing outcomes to circumstances beyond one's control
  15. Ability
    Stable characteristics responsible for a person's maximum physical or mental performance
  16. Skill
    Specific capacity to manipulate objects
  17. Intelligence
    Capacity for constructive thinking, reasoning, problem solving.
  18. Mental Abilities Underlying Performance (7)
    • 1)Verbal Comprehension
    • 2)Word Fluency
    • 3)Numerical
    • 4)Spatial
    • 5)Memory
    • 6)Perceptual Speed
    • 7)Inductive Reasoning
  19. Emotions
    Complex human reactions to personal achievements and setbacks that may be felt and displayed
  20. Emotional Intelligence
    Ability to manage oneself and interact with others in mature and constructive ways.
  21. Personal Competence
    • how we manage ourselves
    • -Self-awareness, self-management
  22. Social Competence
    • how we manage our relationships
    • -social awareness, relationship mgmt.
  23. Psychological Capital
    Striving for success by developing one's self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and resiliency
  24. Resiliency
    Ability to handle pressure and quickly bounce back from personal and career setbacks
  25. Deliberate Practice
    A demanding, repetitive, and assisted program to improve one's performance
  26. Humility
    Considering the contributions of others and good fortune when gauging one's success.