ANTH 2589 Test #2
Card Set Information
ANTH 2589 Test #2
anth 2589 archaeology mesoamerica exam
Study terms for Exam #2 in ANTH 2589 (Archaeology of Mesoamerica)
Early Formative Period
c. 1200-900/800 B.C.
Middle Formative Period
c. 900-600 B.C.
Middle to Late Formative Period
Late Formative Period
300 B.C. - AD 1
Terminal Formative Period
The population of Teotihuacán migrated primarily from _______.
The first evidence of a written calendar was found at ________.
San Jose Magote
rectilinear fields with ditches used to irrigate fields in Valley of Mexico
slash and burn agriculture
quickly clears large areas of farmland
indicated by unnaturally occurring layers of charcoal
Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Lowlands)
Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Belize)
Altar de Sacrifícios
Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Northern/Central Petén)
Urban centers built on hilltops are characteristic of the ___________.
3 Main Trends of the Terminal Formative
increased investment in defensive architecture, walls to demarcate different regions
massive monumental building structures
new trade items in Middle Formative
features of palaces in Late Formative
built on large platforms
rectilinear structure with central sunken patio
grave located in backroom
connection of roads from 2 different Mayan cities
evidence of alliance or conquest
Valley of Oaxaca
evidence of glyphs publicly demarcating territory/names of conquered cities
possibly elite propaganda (not entirely true)
trends in the Middle to Late Formative
continuation of site-size hierarchy
increased population density
Why are caves in the Basin of Mexico significant?
seen as source of life force, storms, water
used to establish leadership (rulers were believed to come from the cave)
become manifestation of the gods
Zapotec peoples appear during the __________.
Early I Phase (Valley of Oaxaca)
A major population shift sees a large-scale migration from San Jose Magote to __________.
Monte Albán is established around __________.
height of Mayan power
earliest evidence of maize domestication
Mayan constructions during Late Formative
evidence for deciphering glyphs
record of Mayan dynasties
Late Formative site
land sculpting, underground water control