ANTH 2589 Test #2

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jhl2011
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203186
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ANTH 2589 Test #2
Updated:
2013-02-26 22:57:38
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anth 2589 archaeology mesoamerica exam
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Study terms for Exam #2 in ANTH 2589 (Archaeology of Mesoamerica)
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  1. Early Formative Period
    c. 1200-900/800 B.C.
  2. Middle Formative Period
    c. 900-600 B.C.
  3. Middle to Late Formative Period
    600/500-300 B.C.
  4. Late Formative Period
    300 B.C. - AD 1
  5. Terminal Formative Period
    AD 1-300
  6. The population of Teotihuacán migrated primarily from _______.
    Cuicuilco
  7. The first evidence of a written calendar was found at ________.
    San Jose Magote
  8. chinampas
    rectilinear fields with ditches used to irrigate fields in Valley of Mexico
  9. slash and burn agriculture
    • 1500 B.C.
    • quickly clears large areas of farmland
    • indicated by unnaturally occurring layers of charcoal
  10. Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Lowlands)
    • Nakbé
    • El Mirador
    • San Bantulo
    • Calakmul
    • Uaxáctan
  11. Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Belize)
    • Altar de Sacrifícios
    • Seibal
    • Piedras Negras
  12. Middle Formative Mayan Sites (Northern/Central Petén)
    • Tikal
    • Río Azul
    • Yaxhá
  13. Urban centers built on hilltops are characteristic of the ___________.
    Mixteca Alta
  14. 3 Main Trends of the Terminal Formative
    • increased investment in defensive architecture, walls to demarcate different regions
    • increased urbanization
    • massive monumental building structures
  15. new trade items in Middle Formative
    • cacao
    • salt
    • honey
    • feathers
  16. features of palaces in Late Formative
    • luxury items
    • built on large platforms
    • rectilinear structure with central sunken patio
    • grave located in backroom
    • pavement
  17. sacbé
    • connection of roads from 2 different Mayan cities
    • evidence of alliance or conquest
  18. Monument J
    • Valley of Oaxaca
    • evidence of glyphs publicly demarcating territory/names of conquered cities
    • possibly elite propaganda (not entirely true)
  19. trends in the Middle to Late Formative
    • increased reginalization
    • continuation of site-size hierarchy
    • increased population density
  20. Why are caves in the Basin of Mexico significant?
    • seen as source of life force, storms, water
    • used to establish leadership (rulers were believed to come from the cave)
    • become manifestation of the gods
  21. Zapotec peoples appear during the __________.
    Early I Phase (Valley of Oaxaca)
  22. A major population shift sees a large-scale migration from San Jose Magote to __________.
    Monte Albán
  23. Monte Albán is established around __________.
    500 B.C.
  24. height of Mayan power
    1000-400 B.C.
  25. earliest evidence of maize domestication
    3500 B.C.
  26. stelae
    • Mayan constructions during Late Formative
    • evidence for deciphering glyphs
    • record of Mayan dynasties
  27. Edzná Chultun
    • Late Formative site
    • land sculpting, underground water control

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