Intro A & P Test 3

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hcompton
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2032
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Intro A & P Test 3
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2009-12-01 15:58:55
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Intro A & P Test 3
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test review for intro a&p (Fultz)
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  1. The scientific name for a nerve cell is..?
    Neuron
  2. The sheath around some neuron fibers that aids in regeneration (healing)
    Neurilemma
  3. A nerve containing both afferent and efferent fibers
    Mixed
  4. A nerve containing only afferent fibers
    Sensory
  5. A nerve containing only efferent fibers
    Motor
  6. The voluntary nervous system controls
    Skeletal Muscles
  7. Fibers that carry impulses toward the neuron cell body are called
    Dendrites
  8. A _____ is a bundle of neuron fibers within the central nervous system
    Tract
  9. A _____ is a bunch of neuron cell bodies within the central nervous system
    Nerve Center
  10. A _____ is a bundle of neuron fibers in the PNS
    Nerve
  11. A _____ is a bunch of neuron cell bodies in the PNS
    Ganglion
  12. The (spider) web-like middle meningeal layer
    Arachnoid Layer
  13. The inner meningeal layer containing pain nerve endings and blood vessels
    Pia Mater
  14. An elevated portion of the cerebral cortex
    Gyrus
  15. A shallow groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex
    Sulcus
  16. A deep groove in the cerebral cortex
    Fissure
  17. The largest part of the brain
    Cerebrum
  18. The part of the brain with a name meaning “little brain”
    Cerebellum
  19. The region of the diencephalon that acts as a relay center for sensory stimuli
    Thalamus
  20. The region of the diencephalon that helps maintain homeostasis
    Hypothalamus
  21. The region of the diencephalon that deals with emotions
    Limbic System
  22. The nerve (name and number) that carries visual impulses from the eye to the brain
    Optic II
  23. The lobe of the brain that interprets vision
    Occipital Lobe
  24. The lobe of the brain that interprets hearing
    Temporal Lobe
  25. Impulses for the sense of taste travel to the
    Temporal Lobe
  26. Impulses for the olfactory sense travels to the _____ lobe
    Temproal
  27. A vision receptor that is sensitive to color (and requires more light)
    Cones
  28. A vision receptor that is sensitive to dim light and only detects black and white
    Rods
  29. The watery fluid that fills much of the eyeball in front of the crystalline lens
    Aqueous humor
  30. The thick fluid that fills much of the eyeball behind the crystalline lens and is irreplaceable is called_____.
    Viteous Humor
  31. The scientific name for the tear glands
    Lacrimal Glands
  32. The scientific name for the tear duct from the eye to the nose
    Nasolacrimal Glands
  33. The scientific name for the corner of the eye (inner and outer)
    Canthus
  34. Another name for the projecting part, or auricle, of the ear (holds my hat up)
    Pinna
  35. The branch of the vestibulocochlear nerve that carries hearing impulses
    Cochlear Branch
  36. The branch of the vestibulocochlear nerve that carries balance impulses
    Vestibular Branch
  37. Alterations in the lens shape to allow for near or far vision is called
    Accommodation
  38. The iris is a/an _____ muscle of the eye
    Intrinsic
  39. The ciliary body is a/an _____ muscle of the eye
    Intrinsic
  40. There are 6 _____ muscles of the eye
    Extrinsic
  41. The gland in the neck whose hormone increases the metabolic rate
    Thyroid
  42. The 4 small endocrine glands in the neck which help control calcium levels in the blood
    Parathyroid
  43. The main hormone of the adrenal gland that raises blood pressure and increases the heart rate, and dilates bronchial tubes is called _____.
    Adrenalin (epinephrine)
  44. A gland that produces the hormone that lowers blood glucose levels (makes the cell membrane permeable to glucose)
    Pancreas
  45. The endocrine gland that controls many other endocrine glands using tropic hormones
    Pituitary Gland
  46. The small gland posterior to the thalamus, which helps control sleep
    Pineal
  47. The endocrine gland in the chest playing a vital role in the immune system
    Thymus
  48. The portion of the pregnant uterus that secretes hormones
    Placenta
  49. The building blocks of growth hormone (a protein) are
    Amino Acids
  50. _____ produces estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone in women
    Ovaries
  51. _____ produces estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone in men
    Testes
  52. How does insulin affect the cell membrane
    Makes it permeable to Glucose
  53. How does insulin affect blood sugar?
    Lowers it
  54. Diabetes insipidus results in too much _____ production.
    Urine
  55. The system that reverses the fight-flight-freeze response
    Parasympathetic Branch of the ANS
  56. The system that starts the fight-flight-freeze response
    Sympathetic Branch of the ANS
  57. The portion of the cerebral cortex where the sense of touch is interpreted
    Parietal Lobe
  58. The scientific name for nearsightedness, in which the focal point is in front of the retina and distant objects appear blurred
    Myopia
  59. The visual defect caused by irregularity in the curvature of the lens or cornea
    Astigmatism
  60. A nerve cell (neuron) fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body.
    Axon
  61. The structural division of the nervous system that includes the brain
    Central Nervous System (CNS)
  62. The fatty material that covers some axons is called
    Myelin Sheath
  63. The spinal nerves are part of the _____ nervous system
    Peripheral
  64. Cranial nerves are part of the _____ nervous system
    Peripheral
  65. An individual subdivision of the cerebrum that regulates specific functions
    Lobe
  66. Damage to brain tissue caused by a blood clot, ruptured vessel, or embolism
    Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA).. (aka.. stroke)
  67. Bleeding between the dura mater and the skull (above the dura mater)
    Epidural (hemotoma) Hemorrhage
  68. Bleeding between the dura mater and the brain (below the dura mater)
    Subdural (hemotoma) Hemorrhage
  69. The scientific name for the disorder in which light rays are not bent sharply enough to focus on the retina when viewing close objects
    Hyperopia
  70. The innermost coat of the eye, the nervous tissue layer that includes the receptors for the sense of vision
    Retina
  71. The middle coat of the eye
    Choroid Coat (layer)
  72. The outermost coat (layer) of the eye
    Sclera
  73. The structure that alters the shape of the lens for accommodation
    Ciliary Body (muscle)
  74. The structure that alters the size of the pupil
    Iris
  75. The jelly-like material located behind the crystalline lens that maintains the spherical shape of the eyeball
    Viteous Humor (body)
  76. A hormone that stimulates the outer portion of the adrenal gland
    Adrenal Cortical Tropic Hormone
  77. A disease in which insulin function is abnormally low
    Diabetes Mellitus
  78. The cell organelle that builds growth hormone (a protein)
    Ribosomes
  79. Polyuria and polydipsia are common symptoms of both _____ and _____.
    Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus
  80. Which hormone secreted from the posterior pituitary that is involved in water balance
    ADH or Antidiuretic Hormone
  81. The structural divisions of the nervous system that includes the nerves and ganglia
    PNS or Peripheral Nervous System
  82. The tough outer meningeal layer is the
    Dura Mater
  83. The endocrine gland composed of a cortex and medulla, each with a specific function
    Adrenal Gland
  84. A hormone that lowers the blood glucose level
    Insulin
  85. What kind of physical energy is the eye detecting?
    Light
  86. What is the advantage of having rods?
    Night Vision
  87. What is the bending of light called?
    Refraction
  88. Which eye humor is involved with glaucoma?
    Aqueous Humor
  89. What is the shape of the lens when looking at something near?
    Spherical
  90. What is the shape of the lens when looking at something far?
    Flat
  91. A contact lens rests on the _____.
    Cornea
  92. How many extrinsic eye muscles are there?
    6
  93. How many intrinsic eye muscles are there?
    2
  94. What substance fills the outer ear?
    Air
  95. What substance fills the middle ear?
    Air
  96. What substance fills the inner ear?
    Fluid
  97. What is the disorder called when the middle ear is inflamed?
    Otitis Media
  98. What symptom may a patient have if the inner ear is inflamed?
    Vertigo
  99. Exposure to what will cause permanent hearing loss?
    Loud Noises
  100. Which cranial nerve (name and Roman numeral) carries both the senses of hearing and equilibrium to the brain?
    Vestibulocochlear VIII

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