Intro A & P Test 3
Card Set Information
Intro A & P Test 3
Intro A & P Test 3
test review for intro a&p (Fultz)
The scientific name for a nerve cell is..?
The sheath around some neuron fibers that aids in regeneration (healing)
A nerve containing both afferent and efferent fibers
A nerve containing only afferent fibers
A nerve containing only efferent fibers
The voluntary nervous system controls
Fibers that carry impulses toward the neuron cell body are called
A _____ is a bundle of neuron fibers within the central nervous system
A _____ is a bunch of neuron cell bodies within the central nervous system
A _____ is a bundle of neuron fibers in the PNS
A _____ is a bunch of neuron cell bodies in the PNS
The (spider) web-like middle meningeal layer
The inner meningeal layer containing pain nerve endings and blood vessels
An elevated portion of the cerebral cortex
A shallow groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex
A deep groove in the cerebral cortex
The largest part of the brain
The part of the brain with a name meaning “little brain”
The region of the diencephalon that acts as a relay center for sensory stimuli
The region of the diencephalon that helps maintain homeostasis
The region of the diencephalon that deals with emotions
The nerve (name and number) that carries visual impulses from the eye to the brain
The lobe of the brain that interprets vision
The lobe of the brain that interprets hearing
Impulses for the sense of taste travel to the
Impulses for the olfactory sense travels to the _____ lobe
A vision receptor that is sensitive to color (and requires more light)
A vision receptor that is sensitive to dim light and only detects black and white
The watery fluid that fills much of the eyeball in front of the crystalline lens
The thick fluid that fills much of the eyeball behind the crystalline lens and is irreplaceable is called_____.
The scientific name for the tear glands
The scientific name for the tear duct from the eye to the nose
The scientific name for the corner of the eye (inner and outer)
Another name for the projecting part, or auricle, of the ear (holds my hat up)
The branch of the vestibulocochlear nerve that carries hearing impulses
The branch of the vestibulocochlear nerve that carries balance impulses
Alterations in the lens shape to allow for near or far vision is called
The iris is a/an _____ muscle of the eye
The ciliary body is a/an _____ muscle of the eye
There are 6 _____ muscles of the eye
The gland in the neck whose hormone increases the metabolic rate
The 4 small endocrine glands in the neck which help control calcium levels in the blood
The main hormone of the adrenal gland that raises blood pressure and increases the heart rate, and dilates bronchial tubes is called _____.
A gland that produces the hormone that lowers blood glucose levels (makes the cell membrane permeable to glucose)
The endocrine gland that controls many other endocrine glands using tropic hormones
The small gland posterior to the thalamus, which helps control sleep
The endocrine gland in the chest playing a vital role in the immune system
The portion of the pregnant uterus that secretes hormones
The building blocks of growth hormone (a protein) are
_____ produces estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone in women
_____ produces estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone in men
How does insulin affect the cell membrane
Makes it permeable to Glucose
How does insulin affect blood sugar?
Diabetes insipidus results in too much _____ production.
The system that reverses the fight-flight-freeze response
Parasympathetic Branch of the ANS
The system that starts the fight-flight-freeze response
Sympathetic Branch of the ANS
The portion of the cerebral cortex where the sense of touch is interpreted
The scientific name for nearsightedness, in which the focal point is in front of the retina and distant objects appear blurred
The visual defect caused by irregularity in the curvature of the lens or cornea
A nerve cell (neuron) fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body.
The structural division of the nervous system that includes the brain
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The fatty material that covers some axons is called
The spinal nerves are part of the _____ nervous system
Cranial nerves are part of the _____ nervous system
An individual subdivision of the cerebrum that regulates specific functions
Damage to brain tissue caused by a blood clot, ruptured vessel, or embolism
Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA).. (aka.. stroke)
Bleeding between the dura mater and the skull (above the dura mater)
Epidural (hemotoma) Hemorrhage
Bleeding between the dura mater and the brain (below the dura mater)
Subdural (hemotoma) Hemorrhage
The scientific name for the disorder in which light rays are not bent sharply enough to focus on the retina when viewing close objects
The innermost coat of the eye, the nervous tissue layer that includes the receptors for the sense of vision
The middle coat of the eye
Choroid Coat (layer)
The outermost coat (layer) of the eye
The structure that alters the shape of the lens for accommodation
Ciliary Body (muscle)
The structure that alters the size of the pupil
The jelly-like material located behind the crystalline lens that maintains the spherical shape of the eyeball
Viteous Humor (body)
A hormone that stimulates the outer portion of the adrenal gland
Adrenal Cortical Tropic Hormone
A disease in which insulin function is abnormally low
The cell organelle that builds growth hormone (a protein)
Polyuria and polydipsia are common symptoms of both _____ and _____.
Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus
Which hormone secreted from the posterior pituitary that is involved in water balance
ADH or Antidiuretic Hormone
The structural divisions of the nervous system that includes the nerves and ganglia
PNS or Peripheral Nervous System
The tough outer meningeal layer is the
The endocrine gland composed of a cortex and medulla, each with a specific function
A hormone that lowers the blood glucose level
What kind of physical energy is the eye detecting?
What is the advantage of having rods?
What is the bending of light called?
Which eye humor is involved with glaucoma?
What is the shape of the lens when looking at something near?
What is the shape of the lens when looking at something far?
A contact lens rests on the _____.
How many extrinsic eye muscles are there?
How many intrinsic eye muscles are there?
What substance fills the outer ear?
What substance fills the middle ear?
What substance fills the inner ear?
What is the disorder called when the middle ear is inflamed?
What symptom may a patient have if the inner ear is inflamed?
Exposure to what will cause permanent hearing loss?
Which cranial nerve (name and Roman numeral) carries both the senses of hearing and equilibrium to the brain?