WHAP Chapter 26
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military commander who forced japan to open its doors to the western world
commodore matthew perry
american inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
a famine of the irish potatoes that caused mass migration of the irish people to other places such as the us and canada during the mid 1800s
Irish famine 1847-1848
reign of queen victoria of great britain (1837-1901). the term is also used to describe late-nineteenth-century society, with its rigid moral standards and sharply differentiated roles for men and women and for middle-class and working-class people
nineteenth-century idea in western societies that men and women, especially of the middle class, should have different roles in society: women as wives, mothers, and homemakers; men as breadwinners and participants in business and politics
those (mostly female) who were active in seeking voting rights for women as an inherent right for all individuals in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
leads movement to win women's vote (suffrage) through militant (radical, sometimes violent) means
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the national woman suffrage assosiation
Susan B. Anthony
A political theory advocating state ownershiop of industry.
an organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members
father of communism
group of people that believed that government exploits people on behalf of the wealthier classes and wanted to destroy all governments. they assassinated many leaders.
a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
an economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market and the gold standard
(1807-82) an italian radical who emerged as a powerful independent force in italian politics. he planned to liberate the two kingdoms of sicily.
chancellor of prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of germany. a conservative nationalist, he led prussia to victory against austria (1866) and france (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the german empire (714)
Otto von Bismarck
the political program that followed the destruction of the tokugawa shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
english natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection
organized persecution of an ethnic group (especially jews)
the romanov ruler of russia who was forced to abdicate his throne and flee with his family
empress of china and mother of emperor guangxi. she put her son under house arrest, supported anti-foreign movements like the so-called boxers, and resisted reforms of the chinese government and armed forces.
Empress Dowager Cixi
father of japanese militarism. supported many autocratic and aggressive policies which contributed to the beginning of the second world war. Leader of Meiji restoration
899 rebellion in beijing, china started by a secret society of chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". the rebellion was ended by british troops
a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the russian empire and the empire of japan over manchuria and korea.
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