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What is Imperialism?
building and maintaining an empire
What had been US policy for over 100 years?
What were the causes of Imperialism?
- Industrial Revolution
- Closing the frontier
- example of European nations
- american Nationalism
Why was the Industrial revolution a cause of Imperialism?
creates a need for resources and markets
Why was closing the frontier a cause of Imperialism?
caused a need for expansion elsewhere
What is Jingoism?
intense national pride
What was manifest destiny?
Idea that we were obligated to spread our culture to other people
What were Missionary motives?
wanted to Christianize other lands
What is Collective Darwinism?
Idea of survival of the fittest applied to nations
What did Alfred T. Mahan write? What did it say?
- The Influence of Sea Power Upon HistoryUS needed a strong navy
- needed overseas basis
- expanded markets
When did US buy Alaska from Russia? What else did we get?
Why was America involved in Hawaii?
US sugar producers controlled Hawaii
What was Queen Liliukalani's solgan?
- Hawaii for Hawaiians
- they revolted
Why did Cleveland oppose annexation of Hawaii?
Hawaiians didn't want it
Why did the US annex Texas in 1898?
to protect them in the spanish-american war
What were the causes of the Spanish-American war?
- Cuba- we trade with cuba
- Yellow Journalism
- Delome Letter
- USS Maine
- Public Opinion- major cause
- Teller Amendment
What is Yellow Journalism?
Sensationalizing the news
What was the Delome Letter?
Spanish diplomat wrote a letter that was insulting to McKinley and it was published
What was the USS Maine?
battle ship that blew up in the Havana Harbor
What was the Teller Amendment?
US would not annex Cuba
What happened in the Naval Battle of the Spanish American War?
US defeated Spanish in two major naval battles
What happened in San Juan/Roughriders?
TR and the Roughriders defeat Spanish
What were the Results of the Spanish-American War?
- United Americans
- Exposed problems with army
- Cuban independence
- US gains Philippines from Spain and Guam from Puerto Rico
- Anti-Imperialist movement
- TR became a national hero
- Insular Cases
What was the Platt Amendment?
US had the right to intervene in Cuba at anytime
Who led the revolt in the Philippiguines?
What did the US do to Filipinos during the revolt?
put them in concentration camps
How did the revolt in philipines end?
US promised to give philipines there independence in 1942-we dont keep promise because of Japanese in WWII
What was the Anti-Imperialist movement based on?
moral, political, and economic reasons
What was the question and answer of the Insular cases?
- are the people in the territories citizens?
What what the Chinese Exclusion Act?
put a 10 year ban on Chinese immigration
What were Spheres of Influence?
European countries controlled Chinese sea ports
What was Open Door Policy?
China was open to trade with all countries
What the Boxer Rebellion?
Chinese rebels tried to get rid get influence
What the result of Boxer Rebellion?
china came under more foreign controll
What did Teddy Roosevelt and Treaty of Portsmouth do?
ended a war between Japan and Russia and made Japan upset and they ignored the treaty
What was the Gentlemen's agreement?
- Japan agreed to discourage immigration
- US promised not to pass immigration law against Japanese
What is the Takahira Treaty?
Japan and US agreed to respect each others rights
What happened with the Panama Canal?
- The French started building the canal, but had to stop
- Columbia who owned Panama refused to let the US finish the canal
- US helps Panama win its independence
- Panama lets US finish canal and is completed in 1914
What was Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy?
Idea of showing US power
What was the Roosevelt corollary to Monroe Doctrine?
US would be the policeman of the western hemisphere
What was Taft's Dollar Diplomacy?
Use of money to influence Latin America
What was the US involvement in Mexico?
US had over a billion dollars invested in Mexico
What was Wilson's attitude when the Mexican Revolution started?
Why did Wilson refuse to recognize Mexico's new leader?
He came to power through assainiation
Who was Pancho Villa? What did Wilson do about him?
- Mexican who crossed border, raided American towns, and killed people
- sent army to capture him and they failed
What were the tensions between US and Mexico?
on the point of war by 1917
What was FDR's Good Neighbor Policy?
improved US relations in Latin America
What was the US reaction to WWI?
What was the US involvement in WWI(at first)?
most favored the British
What was Wilson's position on WWI?
wants to protect US neutality rights
What was the cause of the blockades?
both sides wanted to stop the US from trading with the other
What boats did Germany use for the blockade?
What was the Lusitania?
British ship sunk by a german u boat and 128 americans were killed
What was the american reaction to the Lusitania?
Many americans wanted to go to war
What was Wilson's response to the Lusitania?
warned germany to stop submarine warfare
What is the Sussex Pledge?
Wilson got germany to stop submarine warfare
What was the result of the Lusitania?
turned US opinion against germany
What happened in the election of 1916?
Wilson wins on solgan "He kept us out of war"
What were the reasons for US entering WWI?
- Germans resume submarine warfare in Febuary of 1917
- most important reason
- Zimmerman Telegram
- Russian revloution
- Wilson Idealism
What was the Zimmerman telegram?
German attempt to get Mexico to go to war with US
Why was the Russian Revolution?
March of 1917 the Czar of Russia is overthrown and they try to set up democracy
What did wilson say about WWI?
- wilson said the war would make world safe for democracy
- war to end all wars
Was the US prepared for WWI?
What was the selective service system?
agency in charge of draft during WWI
Where did 2/3 of the money for WWI come from?
What was the war industries board?
set up to regulate industry for the war effort
What was the Great Migration?
blacks moved out the south to the north to get jobs
What was the Food Administration?
- effort to conserve food
- herbert hoover
What was the Creel Committee?
set up to promote public support for the war
What was the Espionage act?
tried to control opposition to the war
What were uin Fourteen points?
- No secret treaties
- Freedom of the seas
- Equal trade with all nations
- reduction of arms
- adjustment of colonial claims
- self-deterruination of Nations
- League of Nations-most important
What were the problems with the treaty of Versailles?
- Failed to follow Fourteen Points
- war guilt clause and reparations- Germany had to admit war guilt and pay reparations
- League of Nations
- Republicans gain control of senate in 1918
What was article x?
said that the Leauge memembers were responsible for protecting the territory of other League members
What was article XVI?
said that the agressor nations would be punished by economic sanctions
Who were the Isolationist/Irreconcilable?
said that the League would drag the US into another war?
Who were the Nationalists?
did not want the League to tell the US what to do
What ethnic group opposed the treaty of Versailles?
the german-americans thought treaty was unfair
Why did the Rublicans oppose the Treaty of Versailles?
it was a democratic treaty
Who was Henry Cabot Lodge?
Republican chairman of the senate foreign relations committe who hated wilson
Why was the treaty defeated?
- senate revise and take out articles x and xvi
- wilson went on national tour to support original treaty, and has stroke
- senate rejects revised treaty twice
Who ran in election of 1920 and there platforms?
- Dem.- James Cox-ran on treaty passing
- Reb.- Warren Harding- "return to normalcy"
What were the results of the election of 1920?
- Harding wins big
- treaty is done in the US
- US does not join the League of Nations
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