Chapter 11

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Chapter 11
2013-02-25 22:51:55
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Community Mental Health
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  1. mental health
    emotional and social well-being, including one's psychological resources for dealing with day-to-day problems of life
  2. mental illness
    a collective term for all diagnosable mental disorders
  3. mental disorders
    health conditions characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior (or some combination thereof) associated with distress and/or impaired functioning
  4. cultural competence
    service provider's degree of compatibility with the specific culture of the population served
  5. major depression
    an affective disorder characterized by a dysphoric mood, usually depression, or loss of interest or pleasure in almost all usual activities or pastimes
  6. General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)
    the complex physiological responses resulting from exposure to stressors
  7. fight or flight reaction
    an alarm reaction that prepares one physiologically for sudden action
  8. diseases of adaptation
    diseases that result from chronic exposure to excess levels of stressors, which produce a General Adaption Syndrome response
  9. moral treatment
    treatment for mental illness based on belief that mental illness was caused by moral decay
  10. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    method of treatment for mental disorders involving the administration of electric current to induce a coma or convulsions
  11. lobotomy
    surgical severance of nerve fibers of the brain by incision
  12. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
    the nation's leading mental health research agency, housed in the National Institutes of Health
  13. deinstitutionalization
    the process of discharging, on a large scale, patients from state mental hospitals to less restrictive community settings
  14. chlorpromzine (Thorazine)
    the first and most famous antipsychotic drug, introduced in 1954 under the brand name Thorazine
  15. neuroleptic drugs
    drugs that reduce nervous activity; another term for antipschotic drugs
  16. chemical straitjacket
    a drug that subdues a mental patient's behavior
  17. tardive dyskinesia
    irreversible condition of involuntary and abnormal movements of the tongue, mouth, arms, and legs, which can result from long-term use of certain antipsychotic drugs
  18. Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers (CMHC) Act
    a law that made the federal government responsible for assisting in the funding of mental health facilities and services
  19. community mental health center (CMHC)
    a fully staffed center originally funded by the federal government that provides comprehensive mental health services to local populations
  20. transinstitutionalization
    transferring patients from one type of public institution to another, usually as a result of policy change
  21. bipolar disorder
    an affective disorder characterized by distinct periods of elevated mood alternating periods of depression
  22. pyschotherapy
    a treatment that involves verbal communication between the patient and a trained clinician
  23. cognitive-behavioral therapy
    treatment based on learning new thought patterns and adaptive skills, with regular practice between therapy sessions
  24. psychopharmaco-logical therapy
    treatment for mental illness that involves medications
  25. recovery
    outcome sought by most people with mental illness; includes increased independence, effective coping, supportive relationships, community participation, and sometimes gainful employment
  26. psychiatric rehabilitation
    intensive, individualized services encompassing treatment, rehabilitation, and support delivered by a team of providers over an indefinite period to individuals with sever mental disorders to help them maintain stable lives in the community
  27. evidence-based practices
    ways of delivering services to people using scientific evidence that shows that the services actually work
  28. self-help groups
    groups of concerned member of the community who are united by a shared interest, concern, or deficit not shared by other members of the community
  29. National Alliance of Mental Illness (NAMI)
    a national self-help group that supports the belief that major mental disorders are brain diseases that are of genetic origin and biological in nature and are diagnosable and treatable with medications
  30. behavioral health care services
    the managed care term for mental health and substance abuse/dependence care services
  31. parity
    the concept of equality in health care coverage for people with mental illness and those with other medical illnesses or injuries