Chapter 12

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Chapter 12
2013-02-26 00:13:28
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Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs: A Community Concern
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  1. physical dependence
    a physiological state in which discontinued drug use results in clinical illness
  2. drug
    a substance other than food that when taken in small quantities alters one's physical, mental, or emotional state
  3. psychoactive drugs
    drugs that alter sensory perceptions, mood, thought processes, or behavior
  4. drug use
    a non-evaluative term referring to drug-taking behavior in general; any drug-taking behavior
  5. drug misuse
    inappropriate use of prescription or nonprescription drugs
  6. drug abuse
    use of a drug when it is detrimental to one's health or well-being
  7. drug (chemical) dependence
    a psychological and sometimes physical state characterized by a craving for a drug
  8. psychological dependence
    a psychological state characterized by an overwhelming desire to continue use of a drug
  9. binge drinking
    consuming five or more drinks in a row for males and four or more drinks in a row for females
  10. problem drinker
    one for whom alcohol consumption results in a medical, social, or other type of problem
  11. alcoholism
    a disease characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with drinking, and continued use of alcohol despite adverse consequences
  12. blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
    the percentage of concentration of alcohol in the blood
  13. Synar Amendment
    a federal law that requires states to set the minimum legal age for purchasing tobacco products at 18 years and requires states to enforces this law
  14. environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
    tobacco smoke in the ambient air
  15. over-the-counter (OTC) drugs (nonprescription drugs)
    drugs (except tobacco and alcohol) that can be legally purchased without a physician's prescription
  16. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services charged with ensuring the safety and efficacy of all prescription and nonprescription drugs
  17. controlled substances
    drugs regulated by the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Control Act of 1970, including all illegal drugs and prescription drugs that are subject to abuse and can produce dependence
  18. Controlled Substances Act of 1970
    the central piece of federal drug legislation that regulates illegal drugs and legal drugs that have a high potential for abuse
  19. illicit (illegal) drugs
    drugs that cannot be legally manufactured, distributed, or sold, and that usually lack recognized medicinal value
  20. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
    the federal government's lead agency with the primary responsibility for enforcing the nation's drug laws, including the Controlled Substances Act of 1970
  21. marijuana
    dried plant parts of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa
  22. polydrug use
    concurrent use of multiple drugs
  23. amotivational syndrome
    a pattern of behavior characterized by apathy, loss of effectiveness, and a more passive, introverted personality
  24. narcotics
    drugs derived from or chemically related to opium that reduce pain and induce stupor, such as morphine
  25. tolerance
    physiological and enzgmatic adjustments that occur in response to the chronic presence of drugs, which are reflected in the need for ever-increasing doses
  26. cocaine
    the pyschoactive ingredient in the leaves of the coca plants, Erythoxolyn coca, which when refined, is a powerful stimulant
  27. stimulant
    a drug that increases the activity of the central nervous system
  28. hallucinogens
    drugs that produce profound distortions of the sense
  29. synesthesia
    impairment of mind characterized by a sensation that sense are mixed
  30. amphetamines
    a group of synthetic drugs that act as stimulants
  31. methamphetamine
    the amphetamine most widely abused
  32. barbiturates
    depressant drugs based on the structure of barbituric acid
  33. benzodiazapines
    nonbarbiturate depressant drugs
  34. methaqualone
    an illicit depressant drug
  35. depressants
    drugs that slow central nervous system activity, for example alcohol
  36. club drugs
    a general term for those illicit drugs, primarily synthetic, that are most commonly encountered at night clubs
  37. Rohypnol
    a depressent in the benzodiazapine group that has achieved notoriety as a date-rape drug
  38. designer drugs
    drugs synthesized illegally that are similar to, but structurally different from, known controlled substances
  39. anabolic drugs
    compounds, structurally similar to the male hormone testosterone, that increase protein synthesis and thus muscle building
  40. inhalants
    breathable substances that produce mind-altering effects
  41. drug abuse education
    providing information about drugs and the dangers of drug abuse, changing attitudes and beliefs about drugs, providing the skills necessary to abstain from drugs, and ultimately changing drug abuse behavior
  42. treatment
    care that removes the physical, emotional and environmental conditions that have contributed to drug abuse and/or dependence
  43. aftercare
    the continuing care provided the recovering former drug abuser
  44. public policy
    the guiding principles and course of action pursued by governments to solve practical problems affecting society
  45. law enforcement
    the application of federal, state, and local laws to arrest, jail, bring to rial, and sentence those who break drug laws or break laws because of drug use
  46. Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
    the headquarters of America's drug control effort, located in the executive branch of the U.S. government, headed by a director appointed by the president
  47. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
    the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services that provides leadership in drug abuse prevention and treatment.
  48. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
    the federal government's lead agency for drug abuse research, one of the National Institutes of Health
  49. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)
    the federal agency in the Department of Justice that regulates alcohol and tobacco
  50. student assistance programs (SAPs)
    school-based drug education programs to assist students who have alcohol or other drug problems
  51. peer counseling programs
    school-based programs in which students discuss alcohol and other drug-related problems with peers
  52. employee assistance program (EAP)
    a workplace drug program designed to assist employees whose work performance is suffering because of a personal problem such as alcohol or other drug problems