ARC History Definitions

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  1. Renaissance
    a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.
  2. Single Point perspective
    • One vanishing point is typically used for roads, railway tracks, hallways, or buildings viewed so that the front is directly facing the viewer.
    • Ex: last supper painting

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  3. Duomo
    • Italian cathedral
    • Ex: Florence cathedral
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  4. Central plan church
    • A church that has a design with a primary central space surrounded by symmetrical areas around each side.
    • Ex: st. peter
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  5. Greek Cross
    • A cross formed by two bars of equal length crossing in the middle at right angles to each other. +
    • Ex: S. Carlo Alle Cuatro Fontane
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  6. Balustrade
    • A rail and the row of balusters or posts that support it, as along the front of a gallery
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  7. Giant Order
    • is an order whose columns or pilasters span two (or more) stories.
    • Ex: capitoline hill
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  8. Quoins
    • Stone quoins are used on stone or brick buildings. Brick quoins may appear on brick buildings extruding from the facing brickwork in such a way as to give the appearance of blocks. Where quoins are used for decoration and not for load-bearing, they may be made from a variety of materials including brick, stone or timber.
    • Ex: farnese palace
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  9. Broken Pediment
    • A pediment is a classical architectural element consisting of the triangular section found above the horizontal structure
    • Ex: farnese palace
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  10. Mannerism
    • art that is playful, breaks the rules
    • Ex: pallazzo de Te
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  11. Gesamtkunstwerk
    Translated as total work of art. It’s a work of art that makes use of all or many art forms or strives to do so
  12. Classical baroque
    is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state. It was characterized by new explorations of form, light and shadow and dramatic intensity.
  13. Enfilade
    • An enfilade is a suite of rooms formally aligned with each other. This was a common feature in grand European architecture from the Baroque period onwards. The doors entering each room are aligned with the doors of the connecting rooms along a single axis, providing a vista through the entire suite of rooms. The enfilade can be used as a processional route, and is a common arrangement in museums and art galleries, as it facilitates the movement of large numbers of people through a building.
    • Ex: blenheim palace
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  14. Imperial plan
    • double return stairway.
    • Ex: wurzburg resdience
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  15. Apartment
    Suite of rooms in French residences
  16. Hotel
    Town house
  17. Mansard/mansard roof
    • is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper. The steep roof with windows creates an additional floor of habitable space
    • Ex: palace of versaille
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  18. Rococo
    • also referred to as "Late Baroque", is an 18th-century artistic movement and style, which affected several aspects of the arts including painting, sculpture, architecture, interior design, decoration, literature, music and theatre. The Rococo developed in the early part of the 18th century in Paris, France as a reaction against the grandeur, symmetry and strict regulations of the Baroque, especially that of the Palace of Versailles
    • Ex: Salon de la princesse
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  19. Spire/steeple
    • Is a tall tower on a building, topped by a spire and often incorporating a belfry and other components. Steeples are very common on Christian churches and cathedrals and the use of the term generally connotes a religious structure.
    • Ex: st martin in the field
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  20. Anglo-palladianism
    An architectural movement, primarily in England between 1710 and 1760, set up in reaction to the Baroque style of architecture; marked by the rediscovery of works of Inigo Jones and the earlier works of Andrea Palladio. Occasionally called Burlingtonian style or Palladian Revival.
  21. The 4 books of architecture
    1570 palladio, Italian treatise on architectuer
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ARC History Definitions
2013-02-26 05:36:44
ARC History Definitions

ARC History Definitions
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