VILLA ROTUNDA

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Author:
kbogasky
ID:
203476
Filename:
VILLA ROTUNDA
Updated:
2013-02-26 01:36:26
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VILLA ROTUNDA
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VILLA ROTUNDA
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  1. VILLA ROTUNDA, Vicenza Italy, Palladio, 1560
  2. Structure - Villa Rotunda
    • Load bearing walls
    • Constructed material is masonry
    • Central dome supported by four porticoes  
    • Columns ( mainly used to support the porticoes/loggias)
  3. Function - Villa Rotunda
    • Residential/ private home ( built for a retired churchman Paolo Almerico) 
    • Mainly for elaborated entertainment and agricultural processing
  4. Form - Villa Rotunda
    Square in plan and completely symmetrical 

    A central two-storey rotunda

    Loggias on all four fronts for views

    Steps and opening to each portico leading up to the central dome via a corridor

    According to Palladio, each room was proportioned with mathematical precision

    Each room is slightly angled at 45 degrees from each cardinal point in order to get some sun 

    Statues of deities decorated each pediment

    All pediments are supported by six Ionic columns 

    A single window is found on each portico

    All principal rooms are found on the second story 

    Frescoes decorated the interior
  5. Cultural Context - Villa Rotunda
    • Both the original owner and Palladio died before the completion of the Villa
    • Vincenzo scamozzi was hired by the new owners (the Capra family) and changed the high semi-circular dome intended by Palladio to a lower dome with an oculus.
  6. Physical Context - Villa Rotunda
    The villa was designed to be in complete harmony with the surrounding landscape 

    Built on a hilltop just outside of Vicenza, Italy 

    Palladio classified the building as a “palazzo”  and not a villa
  7. Historical Context - Villa Rotunda
    Villa Capra/Rotunda became an inspirational architectural prototype and Monticello by Thomas Jefferson is perhaps the best known and all prototypes.

    Is listed on UNESCO World Heritage Site list

    Own today Mario Valmarana

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