Card Set Information

2013-02-27 16:24:02

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  1. About how many fire departments provide ambulance service to victims??
    About half of all fire departments
  2. How many lives and how much property do fires and other emergencies cause every year??
    Thousands of lives and billions worth of property
  3. who spots fires from watch towers and reports their findings to headquarters by telephone or radio?
    Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists
  4. What is the most effective means of battling forest fire?
    By creating fire lines through cutting down trees and digging out grass and all other combustible vegetation
  5. How many hours a week do fire fighters work?
    Many work more than 50 hours a week
  6. What are some shifts?
    • on duty for 24 hours then off for 48 hours and receive an extra day off at intervals
    • in others they work a day shift of ten hours for 3 or 4 days, a night shift of 14 days for 3 or 4 nights, have 3 or 4 days off then repeat
  7. according to the U,S,s fire admin how many fire companies are staffed by volunteer ff
  8. In 2002 how many jobs did paid career ff hold?
  9. How many jobs did first line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers hold?
  10. How many jobs did fire inspectors hold?
  11. How many fire fighting workers were employed by municipal or county fire depts?
    about 9 out of 10
  12. Private ff companies employ a small number of ff and usually operate on what??
    on a subscription basis
  13. Fire prevention, public fire education, safety , and emergency medical services are commonly referred to as?
    A public safety organization
  14. A number of fire depts have accredited apprenticeship programs lasting up to?
    5 years
  15. A number of colleges offer courses leading to?
    two or four year degrees in fire engineering  or fire science
  16. The line of promotion usually is?
    Engineer, lt, capt, batal chief, asst chief, dept chief, chief
  17. For a promotion to positions higher than batal chief what do many fire depts now require?
    Bachelors degree, pref in fire science, public admin or a related field
  18. For an exec fire officer certification fro =m the national fire academy and for state chief officer certification what is required?
    Masters degree
  19. Fire Chief Annual Salary
    • Minimum.....$64,134
    • Max............$82,225
  20. Deputy Chief annual salary?
    • Minimum.....$56,522
    • Max............$72,152
  21. Assistant fire chief annual salary
    • minimum........$55,645
    • max...............$69,036
  22. Battalion Chief Annual salary?
    • minimum....$54,935
    • max...........$68,673
  23. fire captain annual salary?
    • minimum....$45,383
    • max...........$54,463
  24. Fire Lt. annual salary?
    • minimum...$41,800
    • max..........$49,404
  25. Fire prevention/code inspector annual salary?
    • min...$40,387
    • max...$51,531
  26. engineer annual salary?
    • min...$38,656
    • max...$48,678
  27. In 2002, median hourly earnings of ff was?
    $17.42. The middle 50% earned between $12.53 and $22.96. Lowest 10% earned less than $8.51 and highest 10% earned more than $28.22. Median hrly earnings were $17.92 in local gvnt. $15.96 in the Fed. govt. and $13.58 in state govt.
  28. In 2002, median annual earnings of first line supervisors/managers of firefighting and prevention workers were?
    $55,450. The middle 50% earned between $43,920 and $68,480. Lowest 10% earned less than $34,190 and highest 10% earned more than 84,730. Local govt. earned about $56,390
  29. In 2002, median annual earnings of fire inspectors were?
    $44,250. Middle 50% earned between 33,880 and 56,100 a year. Lowest 10% earned less than 26,350 and highest 10% earned more than 69,060. In local govt eanred about 46,820.
  30. Average salaries in 2002 for sworn full time positions is according to?
    The international City-County Management Association.
  31. Firefighters work period ranges from?
    7-28 days
  32. Ff's are covered by pension plans, often providing retirement at?
    Half pay after 25 years of service or if disabled in the line of duty.
  33. What is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and how many deaths per year?
    Cardiovascular disease accounting for approximately one million deaths per year.
  34. by 2005, the US Fire administration aims to reduce ff deaths by?
    25% by drastically reducing number of deaths due to heart attacks
  35. Artery?
    The tubular vessels which carry oxygenated blood from the heart through the body.
  36. Atherosclerosis?
    a chronic disease which may begin in the early life characterized by deposits of fatty substances and cholesterol on the inner layer of the arterial wall. Can lead to obstruction or destruction of the artery.
  37. Strong evidence shows that for many people in developed countries of the Western World atherosclerosis starts when?
    In the early 20's. But symptoms usually delayed till middle or older age.
  38. In many indivuduals the first sign of CVD is?
    a fatal heart attack
  39. Non modifiable risk factors for CVD are?
    gender, age, race and family history
  40. What gender is more likely to suffer CVD at a younger age?
    Men. Over 45 years is a risk for men and over 55 for women.
  41. Family history is defined as premature death(before 55 for males and 65 for female) of a parent or sibling from cvd
  42. What are the six major modifiable risk factors?
    smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, obesity and physical activity.
  43. How much of the adult population in the U.S smokes and about how many young people take up the habit each year?
    Approximately 25% smokes and 1 million young people
  44. Cigarette smoking accounts for an estimated how many deaths per year in the U.S?
    430,000 deaths per year with more than 40% of them due to cardiovascular disease.
  45. SUrgeon general established smoking as the leading avoidable cause of cardiovascular disease when?
    As early as 1983
  46. Smoking one pack of cigarettes per day does what to the risk of cvd compared to a non smoker and what does smoking more than a pack do?
    Doubles it for one pack and triples it for more.
  47. Epidemiological data shows that the risk of death with a systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg and a distolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90, which is defined as hypertension does what?
    Risk of death doubles.
  48. If hypertension is untreated, aprox. how many patients will die from coronary heart disease or chf?
  49. If hypertension is untreated, how many will die of stroke?
  50. If hypertension is untreated, how many will die due to renal failure?
  51. A program of regular aerobic exercise results in a decrease of approx. how much in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive indivuduals?
    10 mmHg
  52. Blood lipids are comprised primarily of?
    Triglycerides and cholesterol
  53. Cholesterol and triglycerides are carried in the blood by a?
    Lipoprotein molecule. Low density lipoproteins LDL's is bad cholesterol. High density lipoproteins  HDL's is good cholesterol.
  54. Young men who are in the upper quartile(highest 25% for cholesterol levels) have a how much of an increase of heart attack compared to men in the lowest quartile(lowest 25%)
    nine-fold increase
  55. HOw much increase in risk for coronary heart disease for every 10 mg/dl increease in cholesterol?
  56. HOw much of the adult population is obese and how much is overweight?
    20% is obese and 25-30% is overweight
  57. BMI under what has little or no change in mortality rate?
    BMI under 25. If BMI increases above 25, risk increases substatntially.
  58. Individuals with diabetes have how much of an increased risk of cardiac events?
  59. What percent of all deaths among diabetic patients are from CVD?
  60. Diabetes often coexists with other risk factors for CVD. The cluster of risk factors has been termed?
    Metabolic syndrome X and includes abdominal obesity, hypertension, and an inability to effectively use glucose(diabetes)
  61. The risk of CVD in inactive people compared to that of active people is about?
    Twice that. Aproximately the same as for hypertension and high cholesterol.
  62. How many deaths per year in the U.S. is inactivity responsible for?
    Approximately 200,000
  63. A one pound increase in muscle mass can increase caloric expenditure by?
    30 to 50 calories per day.  muscle losses attributed to injury aging or inacgivity can reduce your caloric expenditure by same amount.
  64. Joints in what are the ones who receive the most injuries?
    lower back and upper limbs
  65. Types of cumulative trauma disorders(CTD)?
    Tendonitis and nerve compression
  66. Risk factors for CTD cumulative trauma disorder
    Repetition, force awkward postures contact stress vibration temp extremes stressful conditions
  67. Next to the common cold, what is the reason most often cited for job absenteeism?
    back disorder
  68. What are the most common back problems?
    Pulled or strained muscles, ligaments, tendons, and discs
  69. How much of the U.S. work force is likely to experience back problems at least once during a lifetime.
    Half. Most back disorders aresult from chronic, or long term injury rather than from one specific incident.
  70. Lumbosacral strain:
    caused by overuse of the muscles of the lumbar and sacral areas of the back
  71. sacroilitis:
    causaed by inflammation from overuse of the lumbar muscles of the joints between the lowest and sacral areas of the back, spinal bones(sacrum), and the hip bones(ilium)
  72. Lumbosacral sprain:
    caused by overuse of ligaments in the lumbar and sacral areas of the back
  73. postural low bback pain:
    results from overuse of the lumbosacral muscles by maintaiing a posture that requires these muscles to work beyond their capabilties
  74. muscular insufficiency:
    occurs when muscles are unable to bear stresses imposed on them
  75. herniated disc:
    results when the disc that sits between two spinal bones bulges from between them
  76. degenerated disc?
    results when wear and tear on disc slowly destroys its structure
  77. Pulling and pushing account for how much percent of all back strains and sprains?