Music History test 2 terms

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  1. Bayreuth Festspielhaus
    Wagner designed this theater with music as the focus (lights dimmed, everyone faces forward in stadium seating); "temple" and Wagner "high priest." Orchestra pit under stage (revolutionary). Inspired modern theaters. Opened in 1876

    Music example: Wagner's Das Rheingold
  2. Bel canto
    "beautiful singing"- virtuosity blended with good taste; "singer's opers"- arias are vehicles for virtuosity.

    Music example: Rossini's Il Barbiere de Seville.  1816
  3. Cantabile + Cabaletta
    Cantabile: slow, lyrical (largo concertato). Tempo di mezzo (middle section)- chorus sometimes

    Cabaletta: fast, lively stretta

    Musical Example: Rossini's Il Barbiere de Seville. 1816
  4. Character piece
    Short pieces for solo instrument (piano): generally short, evoked specific emotions (not programatic), often put together in cycle.

    Music example: Schumann Carnaval op. 9 1834
  5. Davidsbund (League of David)
    Robert Schumann's alterego/ penname group consisting of Florestan--the dreamer, Eusebius--the hot head, Master Rano--voice of reason.

    Music example: Schumann's Carnival op. 9 no. 5 (Eusebius) and 6 (Florestan) 1834
  6. Elfin style
    quasi galant (clear melody with clear accompaniment)- bright orchestral colors, shimmering textures (string pizzicato, rapid but light wind articulation); constant motion in the accompaniment.

    Music example: Felix Mendelssohn Violin conerto in E minor op. 64, 3rd movement 1844
  7. German Romantic opera
    Strong connections to German literature. "Folk" characters, dark gothic/ medieval themes, supernatural, moral conflicts, wild, natural setting. German nationalism: challenge to popular French and Italian opera styles. Draws from German musical theater generas singspiel and melodrama.

    Music example: Weber Der Freischutz 1817
  8. Gesamtkunstwerk
    Music drama. Total/ complete artwork. Fully integrated drama (influenced by Beethoven's 9th)

    Music example: Wagner Tristan und Isolde 1857
  9. Grand Opera
    SPECTACLE! Large scale productions with huge casts, elaborate sets, special effects. Historical plots as allegory for current political events.

    Music example: Meyerbeer Les huguenots 1832
  10. Idee fixe
    "Fixed idea" a melody that is used throughout a piece to represent a person, thing, or idea, transforming it to suit the mood and situation.

    Music example: Belioz Symphony fantastique 1830
  11. Innerlichkeit
    Deepness, intimacy, inwardness.

    Music example: Schubert Gretchen am Spinnrade 1814
  12. Johann Wolfgang van Goethe
    19th Century German poet. Poetry with intense emotions, themes of loss, isolation, nostalgia, struggle.

    Music example: Schubert Gretchen am Spinnrade 1814
  13. Leitmotive
    "leading motive" a musical idea associated with a person, thing, or idea which returns in original or altered form throughout [German] opera

    Music example: Wagner Tristan und Isolde 1857
  14. Lied
    for middle class amateurs. Sold as sheet music, performed at home. Born out of 19th century literary tradition. Goethe settings. Themes of loss, isolation, nostalgia, struggle

    Music example: Schubert Gretchen am  1814
  15. Opera comique (aka lyric opera)
    lighter operas, not necessarily funny. Plots based on common man/ common day

    Music example: Bizet Carmen 1873
  16. Operetta
    Musical theater tradition: romantic and/ or funny; commercial genera. Stripped down accompaniments (cheaper). Spoofs French Grand opera; no vocal virtuosity.

    Music example: Gilbert and Sullivan The Pirates of Penzance 1879
  17. Parlor song
    Popular victorian era genera in Brittain and US. "Middle brow" cousin of lied more "popular" in nature, more sentimental, simpler style.

    Music example: Foster Jeanie with the light Brown Hair 1854
  18. Partsong
    Choral equivalent to the lied (2+ parts) could be private or public, often sung by amateur choirs.

    Music Example: Fanny Hensel Im Wald from Gartenlieder 1846
  19. Program Symphony
    Symphony that tells a story ore follows a narrative or other sequence of events often spelled out in an accompanying text called a program.

    Music example: Berlioz Symphonie Fantastique 1830
  20. Solo Recital
    New concert type "le concert c'est moi' ("The concert is me") 

    Music example: Liszt Trois etudes de concert, no. 3, Un sospiro 1845
  21. Song cycle
    A group of songs performed in succession that tells or suggests a story

    Music example: Robert Schumann Dichterliebe, op. 48 No. 1 Im Wunderschonen Monat mai 1840
  22. Three Key Exposition
    inserting a new key between tonic and dominant--the mediant.

    Music Example: Schubert String Quintet in C Major (CM-E flat M-GM) 1828
  23. Verismo
    More towards realism in Italian opera. Every day people, often sordid or brutal events. Turn away from Romantic idealism.

    Music Example: Verdi La Traviata 1853
  24. Westernizer vs. Slavophile debate
    Tchaikovsky as lead musical Westernizer. Wants Russian culture, arts, etc. to be equal to Western Europe (esp France). 

    Slavophiles react agains European influence (esp French) in Russian life/ culture. The Mighty Five (including Musorgsky and Rimsky-Korsakov). 

    Music example: Musorgsky Boris Godunov 1871
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Music History test 2 terms
2013-02-27 00:52:01
music terms

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