N11 Professionalism

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N11 Professionalism
2013-02-26 19:25:05

N11 Professionalism
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  1. 10 common characteristics of the members of a profession (according to pharmacy task force)
    • 1.Prolonged specialized training in a body of abstract knowledge
    • 2.A service orientation
    • 3.An ideology based on the original faith professed by members
    • 4.An ethic that is binding on the practitioners
    • 5.A body of knowledge unique to the members
    • 6.A set of skills that forms the technique of the profession
    • 7.A guild of those entitled to practice the profession
    • 8.Authority granted by society in the form of licensure or certification
    • 9.A recognized setting in which the profession is practiced
    • 10.A theory of societal benefits derived from the ideology
  2. 3 Common criteria for Professionalism
    • 1.Service implies a sense of calling to the discipline, a sense of mission, and a responsibility to the public.
    • 2.Knowledge implies specialized education, including both theoretical knowledge and techniques or skills.
    • 3.Practice autonomy implies having control over one's own practice. It also implies having a code of ethics governing standards of conduct within the profession (Huber, 2000).
  3. Collegiality
    • The promotion of a supportive and healthy work environment, cooperation, and recognition of interdependence among members of the nursing profession
    • Ex: share knowledge with colleagues and students, take part in professional organizations, mentor less-experienced nurses, willingly serve as role models for nursing students, welcome learners and their instructors in the practice setting, assist researchers with data gathering, publish inprofessional literature, and support peer-assistance programs for impaired nurses.
  4. Occupation (websters dictionary)
    “what occupies, or engages, one's time; business; employment.”
  5. Profession (websters dictionary)
    “a calling, vocation, or form of employment that provides a needed service to society and possesses characteristics of expertise, autonomy, long academic preparation, commitment, and responsibility”
  6. 2 Major differences in occupation and Profession
    Preparation and commitment
  7. A Profession (lecture)
    • Its requirement of prolonged specialized training  to acquire a body of knowledge pertinent to the role to be preformed (preparation) 
    • An orientation of the individual toward service, either to the community or an organization (commitment) altruism
  8. Nursing as a Discipline
    • Less controversial
    • A discipline is: "characterized by a unique perspective, a distinct way of viewing all phenomena, which ultimately defines the limits & nature of its inquiry"
  9. Professional Disciplines
    Are directed toward practical aims using both descriptive & prescriptive theories & add clinical research along with basic & applied research
  10. Critical Values
    • Professional values are developed, clarified, & internalized during the nursing educational program 
    • Specific professional values are stated in the nursing codes of ethics, in standards of nursing practice, & in the legal system
  11. Flexner (1915) criteria for a profession
    • 1.Is basically intellectual (as opposed to physical) and is accompanied by a high degree of individual responsibility
    • 2.Is based on a body of knowledge that can be learned and is refreshed and refined through research (today, this is known as evidence-based practice)
    • 3.Is practical, in addition to being theoretical
    • 4.Can be taught through a process of highly specialized professional education
    • 5.Has a strong internal organization of members and a well-developed group consciousness
    • 6.Has practitioners who are motivated by altruism (the desire to help others) and who are responsive to public interests
  12. Professional Associations
    • Organization of members with common interests
    • "an organization of practitioners who judge one another as professionally competent & have banded together to perform social functions which they cannot perform in their separate capacity as individuals"
  13. 3 Areas an organization is responsible to
    • 1. Public
    • 2. Profession of Nursing
    • 3. Individual Nurse
  14. Professional Organizations
    • Definition & regulation, setting & enforcing of standards of education & practice, licensure, certification, accreditation, codes of ethics, & norms of conduct 
    • Development of the knowledge base for practice
    • Transmission of values, norms, knowledge & skill (socialization) 
    • Communication & advocacy of the values & contributions of the field
    • Attendance to the social & general welfare of their members
  15. 4 types of Associations
    • 1. Local (Sac)
    • 2. Regional (N. Cal)
    • 3. National
    • 4. International
  16. Benefits of Professional Organizations
    • Developing leadership skills
    • Earning recognition through certification
    • Legislative lobbying power
    • Publications
    • Group health & life insurance 
    • Networking 
    • Continuing education (some give it free)
  17. Changing Perceptions in Nursing
    • Changing view's of men's & women's roles
    • Less acceptance of passive behaviors (accountability & responsibility) advocate for patient
    • Increase average age of nurses (in 40s)
    • Education required
    • Practice shift from acute to community & primary care (more autonomy in C & P)
    • Specialty certification (ex: Trauma)