PSYCOLOGY

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
203671
Filename:
PSYCOLOGY
Updated:
2013-02-26 20:51:11
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Psychology
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EXAM 2 FLASHCARDS
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  1. ECTASY
    Stimulant and mild hallucinogen; emotional elevation, dis-inhibition; dehydration, overheating, depressed mood, impaired cognitive immune functioning
  2. SLEEP APNEA
    A sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and consequent momentary reawakenings
  3. SENSATION
    The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energies from our environment
  4. SELECTIVE ATTENTION
    The focusing of conscious awareness on a particulat stimulus, like the coctail effect (Notice your name in a crowd)
  5. CAFFINE
    Stimulant; increased alertness and wakefulness; Anziety, restlessness and insomnia in high doses, uncomfortable withdrawal
  6. DUAL CONSCIOUSNESS
    The principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks
  7. HEROIN
    Depressant; rush of euphoria, relief from pain; depressed physiology, antagonizing withdrawal
  8. PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE
    A physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued
  9. METH
    Stimulant; euphoria, alertness, energy; irritability, insomnia, hypertension, seizures
  10. LSD
    Hallucinogen; varies from euphoria to derachment to panic
  11. ABSOLUTE THRESHOLD
    The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time
  12. TOLERANCE
    The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect
  13. INFORMATION PROCESSING
    To file away memories; dreams may help sift, sort and fix the day's experiences in our memory
  14. PARALLEL PROCESSING
    The processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions including vision. Contrasts with the stwp-by-step processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving. Brain cell teams process combined information about color, movement, form and depth
  15. EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION
    • Difficulty studying, diminished productivity, tendency to make mistakes, irritability, fatigue, suppresses and weakens immune system, slowed reaction times
    • Weight gain
  16. UNCONSCIOUS INFORMATION PROCESSING
    Performing well-learned tasks automatically, changing our attitudes and reconstructing our memories with no awareness of doing so, registering and reacting to a vast number of stimuli we do not consciously perceive
  17. FREUD'S WISH-FULFILLMENT
    • Freud's theory that we dream to satisfy our own wishes
    • Dreams provide a psychic safety valve that discharges otherwise unacceptable feelings
    • A dream's manifest content is a censored, symbolic version of its latent content which consists of unconscious drives and wishes that would be threatening if expressed directly
  18. HYPNOSIS
    Social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.
  19. MARIJUANA
    Hallucinogen; enhanced sensation relief of pain, distortion of time relaxation; Impaired learning and memory, increased risk of psychological disorders, lung damage from smoke
  20. NIGHT TERRORS
    A sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearancy of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered
  21. DEPTH PERCEPTION AND THE VISUAL CLIFF EXPERIMENT
    Depth perception is our ability to see objects in three dimensions, which lets us judge distance. The visual cliff and other research demonstrates that many species perceive the world in three dimensions at, or very soon after, birth
  22. NICOTINE
    Stimulant; arousal and relaxation sense of well being; heart disease, cancer; diminishes appetite and boots alertness and mental efficiency, calms anxiety and reduces sensitivity to pain
  23. SLEEP DISORDERS
    Serious disturbances in the normal sleep pattern that interfere with daytime functioning and cause subjective distress
  24. ALCOHOL
    Depressant; Initial high followed by relaxation and disinhibition; can cause depression, memory loss, organ damage, impaired reactions

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