Virology

Card Set Information

Author:
jswareham
ID:
203690
Filename:
Virology
Updated:
2013-02-27 20:00:29
Tags:
virus families
Folders:

Description:
Description of various families of viruses including type of nucleic acid, symmetry, genome architecture, virion polymerase, and examples.
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  1. Family: Reo
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Naked
    • Genome Architecture: ds (10-18 segments)
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: Rotavirus
  2. Family: Calici
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Naked
    • Genome Architecture: ss (+)
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: Norovirus
  3. Family: Picorna
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Naked
    • Genome Architecture: ss (+)
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: Polio, Hep A, Rhinovirus, Coxsackie, Enterovirus
  4. Family: Flavi
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ss (+)
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: Yellow Fever, West Nile, Hep C
  5. Family: Retro
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ss (+) 2 copies
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: HIV
  6. Family: Corona
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Helical
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ss (+)
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: SARS, URT Infections
  7. Family: Orthomyxo
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Helical
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ss (-) 8 segments
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: Influenza A & B
  8. Family: Paramyxo
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: RNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Helical
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ss (-)
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: Measles, Mumps, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Parainfluenza
  9. Family: Papilloma
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: DNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Naked
    • Genome Architecture: ds circular
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: HPV, Warts, Cervical Carcinoma
  10. Family: Adeno
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: DNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Naked
    • Genome Architecture: ds linear
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: URT Infections, Adinovirus
  11. Family: Hepadna
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: DNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ds circle gapped
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: Hep B
  12. Family: Herpes
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: DNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: Icosahedral
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped
    • Genome Architecture: ds linear
    • Virion Polymerase: no
    • Examples: Herpes Simplex (HSV), Vericella Zoster, Epstein-Barr, Cytomegalovirus
  13. Family: Pox
    Nucleic Acid:
    Capsid Symmetry:
    Naked/Enveloped:
    Genome Architecture:
    Virion Polymerase:
    Examples:
    • Nucleic Acid: DNA
    • Capsid Symmetry: complex
    • Naked/Enveloped: Enveloped (cytoplasmic)
    • Genome Architecture: ds covalently joined ends
    • Virion Polymerase: yes
    • Examples: Smallpox

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