Anxiety Disorders

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Anxiety Disorders
2013-02-26 23:15:48
Building Blocks Anxiety Disorders

Building Blocks of the Anxiety Disorders
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  1. Panic Attack?
    Is characterized by a circumscribed period of intense fear of discomfort that peaks within ten mintues. At least four of the following symptoms are present: palpitations, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, sense that one is choking, discomfort, nausea, dizziness, sense of unreality, go crazy, detached from self, fear of dying, numbness, chills.
  2. Agoraphobia?
    Is characterized by anxiety in situations where it would be difficult or embarrassing for the person to escape or in which he or she might not be able to secure needed help. The individuals avoids these anxiety-producing situations or endures them with great difficulty.
  3. Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia?
    Has both recurrent unexpected Panic Attacks and at least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or more) of one (or more) of the following: persistent concern about having additional attacks, worry about the implications of the attack, a significant change in behavior related to the attacks.
  4. If Medications is need for Panic Disordor, it will be?
    benzodiazepines and SSRIs antidepressants are the medications of choice.
  5. Preferred type of treatment for Panic Disorder is?
    Individual psychotherapy.
  6. Specific Phobia?
    Is diagnosed when a specific object or situation causes significant anxiety; avoidance behavior is often evident. Individuals whose phobia interferes with daily functioning may benefit from an SSRIs (eg. Paxil).
  7. Social Phobia?
    Is evident when performance in some social situations results in anxiety. Imipramine has been effective in blocking some panic attacks.  MAO inhibitors have also been helpful for some individuals. Some benzodiazepines (Librium, valium) are effective in a phobic situation.
  8. Obessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
    Cab have anxiety-producing obsessions (persistent thoughts, impulses, or images) or complusions (behaviors the individual feels compelled to repeat over and over according to rigid rules) and are not due to medical condition or substance. Antidepressants are tried first because it is helpful in individuals with OCD because they help increase levels of serotonin.
  9. Antidepressants that have been specifically approved by the food and Drug Administration to treat OCD include:
    • Clomipramine (Anafranil)
    • Fluvoxamine (Luvox)
    • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
    • Paroxetine (Paxil)
    • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  10. The most effective form of therapy fo OCD in both children and adults is?
    Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), involves retaining thoughts patterns and routines so that compulsive behaviors are no longer necessary.
  11. Posttraumatic Stess Disorder (PTSD)?
    Is noted when individual repeatedly re-experiences, over a minimum of a 1-month time period, a traumatic event with increased arousal and avoids internal and external stimuli that are reminiscent of the trauma.
  12. Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)?
    Consist of PTSD-like symptoms that immediately follow exposure to a traumatic event and that last between 2 days and 4 weeks.
  13. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)?
    Involves excessive anxiety and worry about a number of things that persist for a minimum of six months.  The behavior is not due to a medical condition or substance.