Health Psych Test 2.2

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Health Psych Test 2.2
2013-02-27 11:30:11
Health Psych Test

Health Psych Test 2.2
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  1. Personal Control
    confidence that we have some control over the events that shape our lives
  2. Internal locus of control
    believe we control our own lives
  3. External locus of control
    believe luck, fate, or acts of others determine our lives
  4. Hardiness
    • cluster of stress-buffering traits
    • consists of commitment, challenges, and control
    • linked to lower levels of anxiety and adaptive coping styles
  5. Selye's general adaptation syndrom (G.A.S.) Model
    • alarm reaction
    • resistance stage
    • exhaustion stage
  6. Alarm Reaction of G.A.S. Model
    • sympathetic nervous system activated to defend against stress
    • fight-or-flight response activated
    • adrenaline increases heart rate and blood pressure
  7. Resistance Stage of G.A.S. Model
    • organism adapts to the stressor
    • normal on outside but physiologically not normal on inside
    • could cause neurological and hormonal changes if resistance stage is long
  8. Exhaustions Stage of G.A.S. Model
    • final stage of stress resistance
    • activation of the parasympathetic part of autonomic nervous system
    • person is physically and mentally exhausted
  9. Lazarus's view of stress
    • it is the individual's perception of the psychological situation that defines stress, not the event itself
    • transaction position states that stress is the relationship between person and environment
    • one's appraisal of the situation is important in the response
    • the situation must be seen as threatening, challenging, or harmful
  10. Sources of stress
    • Cataclysmic: 9/11 attacks, hurricanes
    • Major life events: college, marriage
    • Daily Hassles: concerns about weight, health, appearance
    • Environmental: noise, crowding (population density)
    • Overload: work, role (juggling multiple roles at once)