lateral movement of the limbs away from the median plane of the body
movement of a limb or eye toward the median plane of the body
harmful or unintended effect of a medication, diagnostic test, or therapeutic intervention
of or pertaining to the presence of air or oxygen; requiring oxygen for the maintenance of life
Partial or complete loss of hair; baldness
absence of oxygen
disorder characterized by a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood
a condition marked by the development of edematous areas of skin, mucous membranes, or internal organs
neurological disorder influencing the production and understanding of language
point at which the apex of the heart touches the anterior chest wall; best site for auscultation of heart sounds; also called the point of maximal impulse (PMI)
absence of germs or microorganisms
defective muscular coordination, especially manifested when voluntary muscular movements are manifested
collapse of alveoli, preventing the normal respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
wasting or diminution of size or physiological activity of a part of the body caused by disease or other influences
ability or tendency to function independently
whitening of the skin from pressure, vasoconstriction, or hypotension
abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland, or artery.
of or pertaining to the inside of the cheek or the gum next to the cheek
general ill health and malnutrition marked by weakness and emaciation
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in hemoglobin
passage of feces from the digestive tract through the rectum
separation of a wound's edges that reveals underlying tissues
excessive loss of water from the body tissues, accompanied by a disturbance of body electrolytes.
secretion of sweat, especially profuse secretion associated with an elevated body temperature, physical exertion, or emotional stress.
farthest from the center, from a medial line, or from the trunk
swelling of a body cavity; may be caused by fluid, gas, or a mass
increased formation and excretion of urine
impairment of the speech resulting from a brain lesion or neurodevelopmental disorder.
shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing that may be caused by certain heart or lung conditions or strenuous exercise.
heartbeat that deviates from the normal pattern.
a bruise, that is, superficial bleeding under the skin or a mucous membrane
abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues
a foreign object, a quantity of air or gas, a bit of tissue or tumor, or a piece of thrombus that circulates in the bloodstream until it becomes lodged in a vessel. Empathy – ability to understand and accept another person's reality.
visualization of the interior of body organs and cavities with an endoscope
hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed.
redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; sunburn is an example.
normal respiration that is quiet, effortless, and rhythmic.
protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound.
injury to the skin's surface caused by abrasion
a movement that brings the members of a limb into or toward a straight line.
pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature
Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO)
refers to a fever whose cause cannot be determined.
relaxed; flabby; having defective or absent muscle tone.
condition characterized by the accumulation of gas within the lumen of the intestines
the act of bending or condition of being bent in contrast to extension
offensive breath resulting from poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infection, ingestion of certain foods, or systemic disease
vomiting of blood; indicates upper gastrointestinal bleeding
measure of the packed cell volume of red cells, expressed as a percentage of the total blood volume.
collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the skin or an organ
abnormal presence of blood in the urine
muscular weakness of one half of the body
paralysis of one side of the body.
the iron-containing pigment of red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues.
coughing of blood from the respiratory tract
external or internal loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time
termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body.
excessive body hair in a masculine distribution caused by heredity, hormonal dysfunction, or medication.
abnormally high blood sugar levels, as are found in people with diabetes mellitus or people treated with some drugs such as steroids.
situation in which body temperature exceeds the set point; fever
an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood, often associated with neurological side effects and arousal of the sympathetic nervous system.
abnormal lowering of body temperature below 95° F (35° C),usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
decreased circulatory blood volume resulting from extracellular fluid losses
abnormal deficiency of oxygen in arterial blood
Ideal Body Weight (IBW)
estimate of what a person should weigh
inability to control urination.
hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor.
that which is taken in, especially food and liquids
a temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue
suffix meaning inflammation of.
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
exaggeration of the posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
abnormal increase in the number of circulating white blood cells
increased lumbar curvature.
a subjective sense of discomfort, weakness, fatigue, or feeling rundown that may occur alone or accompany other symptoms and illnesses
opening through any part of the body (e.g., the urethral meatus)
of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury
abnormal condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of peripheral nerves that alter sensory or motor function
urination at night; can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur in persons who drink excessive amounts of fluids before bedtime
involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes; the oscillations may be horizontal, vertical, rotary, or mixed.
blockage in a canal, vessel, or passage of the body.
diminished capacity to form and pass urine
abnormal respiratory symptom in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably
drop in systolic blood pressure of 15 mm Hg or more when a person rises from a recumbent position to a sitting or standing position.
end product of a system.
the prevention, relief, reduction, or soothing of symptoms of disease or disorders without effecting a cure.
a reduction in all cellular elements of the blood.
passage of a fluid, such as blood, through a specific organ or an area of the body
coordinated, rhythmic, serial contractions of smooth muscle that force food through the digestive tract.
tiny purple or red spots that appear on the skin as minute hemorrhages within dermal layers.
inflammation of a vein
collection of air or gas in the pleural space
small tumorlike growths that projects from a mucous membrane surface.
excretion of an abnormally large volume of urine.
horizontal with the face downward.
nearest the point of attachment, center of the body, or point of reference
symptom of itching.
producing or containing pus
fluid containing red blood cells.
lateral spinal curvature
a systemic inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fever or hypothermia, tachycardia, tachypnea, and evidence of inadequate blood flow to internal organs.
containing both serum and blood
a clear (like plasma) fluid that forms an exudate at the site of an inflammation.
artificially created opening between a body cavity and the body's surface (e.g., a colostomy) formed from a portion of the colon pulled through the abdominal wall.
abnormal ocular condition in which the eyes are crossed.
streak or linear scar that results from rapidly developing tension in the skin, commonly seen on the abdomen after pregnancy.
route of medication administration in which the medication is placed underneath the patient's tongue.
lying on the back with the face upward
transient (and usually sudden) loss of consciousness, accompanied by an inability to maintain an upright posture.
an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets.
accumulation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and the cellular elements of the blood attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery, sometimes occluding the lumen of the vessel.
normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.
multiple swollen raised areas on the skin that are intensely itchy and last up to 24 hr; they may appear primarily on the chest, back, extremities, face, or scalp.
condition caused by bacteria in the urine that may lead to the spread of organisms into the bloodstream or kidneys.
the sensation of moving around in space or of having objects move about the person.