Med Terminology

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ashley9er
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203865
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Med Terminology
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2013-02-27 16:59:58
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terminology medical test
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for TEST 2
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  1. Abduction
    lateral movement of the limbs away from the median plane of the body
  2. Adduction
    movement of a limb or eye toward the median plane of the body
  3. Adverse reaction
    harmful or unintended effect of a medication, diagnostic test, or therapeutic intervention
  4. Aerobic
    of or pertaining to the presence of air or oxygen; requiring oxygen for the maintenance of life
  5. Afebrile
    without fever
  6. Alopecia
    Partial or complete loss of hair; baldness
  7. Anaerobic
    absence of oxygen
  8. Anemia
    disorder characterized by a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood
  9. Angioedema
    a condition marked by the development of edematous areas of skin, mucous membranes, or internal organs
  10. Aphasia
    neurological disorder influencing the production and understanding of language
  11. Apical impulse
    point at which the apex of the heart touches the anterior chest wall; best site for auscultation of heart sounds; also called the point of maximal impulse (PMI)
  12. Asepsis
    absence of germs or microorganisms
  13. Ataxia
    defective muscular coordination, especially manifested when voluntary muscular movements are manifested
  14. Atelectasis
    collapse of alveoli, preventing the normal respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  15. Atrophy
    wasting or diminution of size or physiological activity of a part of the body caused by disease or other influences
  16. Autonomy
    ability or tendency to function independently
  17. Blanching
    whitening of the skin from pressure, vasoconstriction, or hypotension
  18. Bruit
    abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland, or artery.
  19. Buccal
    of or pertaining to the inside of the cheek or the gum next to the cheek
  20. Cachexia
    general ill health and malnutrition marked by weakness and emaciation
  21. Cyanosis
    bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in hemoglobin
  22. Defecation
    passage of feces from the digestive tract through the rectum
  23. Dehiscence
    separation of a wound's edges that reveals underlying tissues
  24. Dehydration
    excessive loss of water from the body tissues, accompanied by a disturbance of body electrolytes.
  25. Diaphoresis
    secretion of sweat, especially profuse secretion associated with an elevated body temperature, physical exertion, or emotional stress.
  26. Distal
    farthest from the center, from a medial line, or from the trunk
  27. Distention
    swelling of a body cavity; may be caused by fluid, gas, or a mass
  28. Diuresis
    increased formation and excretion of urine
  29. Dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  30. Dysphasia
    impairment of the speech resulting from a brain lesion or neurodevelopmental disorder.
  31. Dyspnea
    shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing that may be caused by certain heart or lung conditions or strenuous exercise.
  32. Dysrhythmia
    heartbeat that deviates from the normal pattern.
  33. Ecchymosis
    a bruise, that is, superficial bleeding under the skin or a mucous membrane
  34. Edematous/Edema
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues
  35. Embolus
    a foreign object, a quantity of air or gas, a bit of tissue or tumor, or a piece of thrombus that circulates in the bloodstream until it becomes lodged in a vessel. Empathy – ability to understand and accept another person's reality.
  36. Endoscopy
    visualization of the interior of body organs and cavities with an endoscope
  37. Epistaxis
    hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed.
  38. Erythema
    redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries; sunburn is an example.
  39. Eupnea
    normal respiration that is quiet, effortless, and rhythmic.
  40. Evisceration
    protrusion of visceral organs through a surgical wound.
  41. Excoriation
    injury to the skin's surface caused by abrasion
  42. Extension
    a movement that brings the members of a limb into or toward a straight line.
  43. Febrile
    pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature
  44. Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO)
    refers to a fever whose cause cannot be determined.
  45. Flaccid
    relaxed; flabby; having defective or absent muscle tone.
  46. Flatulence
    condition characterized by the accumulation of gas within the lumen of the intestines
  47. Flexion
    the act of bending or condition of being bent in contrast to extension
  48. Halitosis
    offensive breath resulting from poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infection, ingestion of certain foods, or systemic disease
  49. Hematemesis
    vomiting of blood; indicates upper gastrointestinal bleeding
  50. Hematocrit
    measure of the packed cell volume of red cells, expressed as a percentage of the total blood volume.
  51. Hematoma
    collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the skin or an organ
  52. Hematuria
    abnormal presence of blood in the urine
  53. Hemiparesis
    muscular weakness of one half of the body
  54. Hemiplegia
    paralysis of one side of the body.
  55. Hemoglobin
    the iron-containing pigment of red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues.
  56. Hemoptysis
    coughing of blood from the respiratory tract
  57. Hemorrhage
    external or internal loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time
  58. Hemostasis
    termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or by the coagulation process of the body.
  59. Hirsutism
    excessive body hair in a masculine distribution caused by heredity, hormonal dysfunction, or medication.
  60. Hyperglycemia
    abnormally high blood sugar levels, as are found in people with diabetes mellitus or people treated with some drugs such as steroids.
  61. Hyperthermia
    situation in which body temperature exceeds the set point; fever
  62. Hypoglycemia
    an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood, often associated with neurological side effects and arousal of the sympathetic nervous system.
  63. Hypothermia
    abnormal lowering of body temperature below 95° F (35° C),usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
  64. Hypovolemia
    decreased circulatory blood volume resulting from extracellular fluid losses
  65. Hypoxemia
    abnormal deficiency of oxygen in arterial blood
  66. Ideal Body Weight (IBW)
    estimate of what a person should weigh
  67. Incontinence
    inability to control urination.
  68. Indurated
    hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor.
  69. Intake
    that which is taken in, especially food and liquids
  70. Ischemia
    a temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue
  71. -itis
    suffix meaning inflammation of.
  72. Jaundice
    yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood.
  73. Kyphosis
    exaggeration of the posterior curvature of the thoracic spine
  74. Leukocytosis
    abnormal increase in the number of circulating white blood cells
  75. Lordosis
    increased lumbar curvature.
  76. Malaise
    a subjective sense of discomfort, weakness, fatigue, or feeling rundown that may occur alone or accompany other symptoms and illnesses
  77. Meatus
    opening through any part of the body (e.g., the urethral meatus)
  78. Metastasize
    to spread
  79. Necrotic
    of or pertaining to the death of tissue in response to disease or injury
  80. Neuropathy
    abnormal condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of peripheral nerves that alter sensory or motor function
  81. Nocturia
    urination at night; can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur in persons who drink excessive amounts of fluids before bedtime
  82. Nystagmus
    involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes; the oscillations may be horizontal, vertical, rotary, or mixed.
  83. Occlusion
    blockage in a canal, vessel, or passage of the body.
  84. Oliguria
    diminished capacity to form and pass urine
  85. Orthopnea
    abnormal respiratory symptom in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably
  86. Orthostatic Hypotension
    drop in systolic blood pressure of 15 mm Hg or more when a person rises from a recumbent position to a sitting or standing position.
  87. Output
    end product of a system.
  88. Palliative Care
    the prevention, relief, reduction, or soothing of symptoms of disease or disorders without effecting a cure.
  89. Pancytopenia
    a reduction in all cellular elements of the blood.
  90. Perfusion
    passage of a fluid, such as blood, through a specific organ or an area of the body
  91. Peristalsis
    coordinated, rhythmic, serial contractions of smooth muscle that force food through the digestive tract.
  92. Petechiae
    tiny purple or red spots that appear on the skin as minute hemorrhages within dermal layers.
  93. Phlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  94. Pneumothorax
    collection of air or gas in the pleural space
  95. Polyps
    small tumorlike growths that projects from a mucous membrane surface.
  96. Polyuria
    excretion of an abnormally large volume of urine.
  97. Prone
    horizontal with the face downward.
  98. Proximal
    nearest the point of attachment, center of the body, or point of reference
  99. Pruritis
    symptom of itching.
  100. Purulent
    producing or containing pus
  101. Sanguineous
    fluid containing red blood cells.
  102. Scoliosis
    lateral spinal curvature
  103. Sepsis
    a systemic inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fever or hypothermia, tachycardia, tachypnea, and evidence of inadequate blood flow to internal organs.
  104. Serosanguineous
    containing both serum and blood
  105. Serous
    a clear (like plasma) fluid that forms an exudate at the site of an inflammation.
  106. Stoma
    artificially created opening between a body cavity and the body's surface (e.g., a colostomy) formed from a portion of the colon pulled through the abdominal wall.
  107. Strabismus
    abnormal ocular condition in which the eyes are crossed.
  108. Stria
    streak or linear scar that results from rapidly developing tension in the skin, commonly seen on the abdomen after pregnancy.
  109. Sublingual
    route of medication administration in which the medication is placed underneath the patient's tongue.
  110. Supine
    lying on the back with the face upward
  111. Syncope
    transient (and usually sudden) loss of consciousness, accompanied by an inability to maintain an upright posture.
  112. Thrombocytopenia
    an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets.
  113. Thrombus
    accumulation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and the cellular elements of the blood attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery, sometimes occluding the lumen of the vessel.
  114. Turgor
    normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.
  115. Urticaria
    multiple swollen raised areas on the skin that are intensely itchy and last up to 24 hr; they may appear primarily on the chest, back, extremities, face, or scalp.
  116. Urosepsis
    condition caused by bacteria in the urine that may lead to the spread of organisms into the bloodstream or kidneys.
  117. Vertigo
    the sensation of moving around in space or of having objects move about the person.

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