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the literal or dictionary meaning of a word or phrase
the meaning suggested by the associations or emotions triggered by a word or phrase
a book of synonyms
words that refer to tangible objects
words that refer to ideas or concepts
discourse that takes many more words than are necessary to express and idea
the use of vivid language to create mental images of objects, actions, or ideas
an explicit comparison, introduced with the word "like" or "as" between things that are essentially different yet have something in common
a trite of overused expression
an implicit comparison, not introduces with the word "like" or "as" between two things that are essentially different yet have something in common
the pattern of sound in a speech created by the choice and arrangement of words
the similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences
reiteration of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences
repetition of the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure
language that does not stereotype, demean, or patronize people on the basis of gender, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or other factors
the use of he to refer to both women and men
What are the two kinds of word meanings?
What are three ways to use language clearly?
- Use familiar words
- Choose concrete words
- Eliminate clutter
What are two ways to use language vividly?
- Imagery: concrete words, simile, metaphor
- Rhythm: parallelism, repetition, alliteration, antithesis
What are the four appropriates of language?
What are the four notes for using inclusive language?
- avoid the generic "he"
- avoid the use of "man" when referring to women and men
- avoid stereotyping jobs and special roles by gender
- use names that groups use to identify themselves