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2013-02-27 16:55:14

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  1. The hormone glugacon ________.
    raises blood glucose
  2. Which hormones are produced by the parathyroid gland? 
    only PTH   
  3. What gland makes growth hormone? 
  4. Which cells of the pancreas produce insulin? 
    beta cells   
  5. Hyposecretion of insulin, or a deficiency in insulin receptors leads to ________. 
    diabetes mellitus   
  6. This gland is located in the cranial cavity and produces the hormone melatonin. 
  7. Hypersecretion of this hormone results in loss of calcium from the bones, and softening and spontaneous fractures of the bones. 
    parathyroid hormone   
  8. Hormones released from this gland include ADH and oxytocin. 
    posterior pituitary
  9. A person with type AB blood receives a transfusion of type O blood. Will there be a transfusion reaction? Why or why not? 
    no: the recipient has no antibodies to antigens A and B, and therefore can receive blood from a type O donor   
  10. Platelets ________.
    are the smallest formed elements of blood   
  11. The major function of the red blood cells (RBC) is to ________. 
    transport O2 and CO2
  12. A person who has symptoms of paleness and chronic fatigue is suspected of having anemia. To investigate this suspicion further, it would be most helpful to measure ________. 
  13. What is true about blood typing? 
    Type AB blood contains antigens A and B.   
  14. Which of the following white blood cells are granulocytes? 
    basophils and neutrophils
  15. The most numerous blood cells are ________. 
    red blood cells   
  16. A patient reports to the doctor that she bruises very easily, and when she cuts herself, she has a hard time stopping the bleeding. What test might a health care provider order to help diagnose this problem? 
    coagulation time   
  17. Bradycardia describes a heart rate of ________. 
    less than 60 beats/min   
  18. How does holding the breath affect heart rate? 
    heart rate decreases
  19. The QRS complex is associated with ________. 
    depolarization of the ventricles   
  20. Ventricular fibrillation is ________. 
    rapid, uncoordinated ventricular contractions   
  21. During exercise, the heart rate ________. 
    increases proportional to the exertion involved   
  22. The electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) shows a record of ________. 
    electrical excitation of the heart   
  23. In sequential order, the components of the intrinsic conduction system, beginning at the SA node, are ________. 
    AV node, AV bundle, bundle branches, Purkinje fibers   
  24. The function of the intrinsic conduction system is to ________. 
    insure that the heart beats in a sequential and coordinated manner   
  25. Cutaneous glands, hair, and nails ________. 
    are accessory structures of the skin, are derived from stratum basale in the epidermis, and reside in the dermis   
  26. These glands are found all over the skin except in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They produce an oily substance that lubricates skin and hair. 
    sebaceous glands
  27. What is true about the blood supply to the skin? 
    Epidermis is avascular and dermis is richly vascularized.   
  28. This region of the skin contains abundant elastic and collagen fibers. 
  29. From deep to superficial, the layers of the epidermis of thin skin are ________. 
    stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum corneum   
  30. Which of the following pigments is not involved in determining skin color? 
    white pigments in skin cells   
  31. This layer of the dermis is responsible for fingerprints. 
    papillary layer
  32. The first heart sound heard during the cardiac cycle is associated with ________. 
    closure of the AV valves   
  33. If you cut yourself and blood spurts rhythmically from the injury, you have probably cut ________. 
    an artery   
  34. Venous pressure ________. 
    is much lower than arterial pressure   
  35. Heart murmurs ________. 
    often indicate problems with heart valves, can be used to diagnose failure of the heart valves to close tightly, and can be used to diagnose constricted heart valves   
  36. Heart sounds are associated with ________. 
    turbulent blood flow, closure of the AV valves, and closure of the semilunar valves   
  37. The first of the two numbers measured when taking the blood pressure represents ________. 
    systolic pressure
  38. By taking a pulse you can determine ________. 
    pulse rate, regularity of the pulse, and strength of the pulse   
  39. The mean arterial pressure for a patient whose blood pressure is 110/80 is ________. 
    90 mm Hg   
  40. During moderate exercise, ________. 
    heart rate and blood pressure increase   
  41. Blood pressure is ________. 
    the pressure of the blood against the blood vessel walls