Social Psych Exam 3

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scari
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203911
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Social Psych Exam 3
Updated:
2013-02-28 01:11:40
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exam social psych
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Social Psych chapters 6-8
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  1. What is the
    definition of emotion?
    Short in duration, these brief and specific psychological and physiological reactions to thought, behavior, and etc. help humans achieve social and other goals.
  2. Broaden-and-build hypothesis (Barbara Fredrickson)
    positive emotions help build social resources by broadening thought and action ranges.
  3. Duration neglect
    • no matter how long the emotion lasts it will skew how the experience is judged
    • wither it is pleasurable or not.
  4. Affective forecasting
    • predicting future emotions – wither an event will be happy, sad, make you angry and how
    • long it will stay with you.
  5. Gilbert and Wilson
    • people tend to overestimate how much a romantic breakup will diminish their life
    • satisfaction.
  6. Immune neglect
    the over estimation of how much a negative even will affect their life satisfaction or well-being because they underestimate their resilience
  7. Focalism
    neglecting to consider the impact of ancillary aspect of the even or the impact of other events because you focus too much on a central aspect of a particular event.
  8. Processing style perspective
    the theory that different emotions lead people to reason in different ways. Anger relies on preexisting heuristics and stereotypes and sadness would cause careful attention to situational details
  9. intentional object
    Emotions are also specific (you know what you are having an emotion about) and the specific cause of emotion
  10. William James
    the difference between emotion and other experiences is its bodily response.
  11. Charles Darwin
    • emotions are defined by the expressions we make with our body that give clues to others
    • what we are experiencing.
  12. Appraisal processes
    The way that a person appraises a situation or thing in their surroundings based on their relation to a current goal.
  13. Core-relational themes
    • The theme that correlates to the emotion being experienced, such as danger being
    • the core of fear.
  14. Primary appraisal stage
    • the first automatic deciding if a particular event is congruent or incongruent with
    • a person’s goals
  15. Secondary appraisal stage
    after the primary appraisal stage you look at the situation to figure out why you feel the way that you do about/in it. Then consider the different ways of responding to the situation and weigh different actions against future consequences.
  16. Different kinds of smiles
    polite smile (non-Duchenne) won’t crinkle up the corners of your mouth. Duchenne is an enjoyment kind of smile.
  17. Principle of serviceable habits
    the emotions we see in humans today are a remnant of what helped our primate ancestors to meet goals. Those that were serviceable to our ancestors were passed on to us.
  18. Expression of emotion posits universally
    We have the same facial muscles (survived extinction through natural selection)
  19. We have similar expressions to our primate mammalian ancestors
    our expressions resemble that of other species because we have a distant relative.
  20. the tendency to show emotion in a particular way is encoded in the human nervous system
    Blind people still show the same emotions as those who can see the emotional expressions of others
  21. What group did Ekman and Friesen go to to test facial recognition of facial expression?
    Fore tribe (no contact in any way with western civilization or movies etc.)
  22. Emotion accents
    there are some culturally specific ways that people express particular emotions. Ex. in India they bite their tongue to show embarrassment.
  23. Focal emotions
    the emotions that are most common in a particular culture
  24. Why are expressions of shame more predominant in interdependent cultures
    • Expressions of shame are drawn from cultures that are interdependent because they have
    • harmed the social collective.
  25. Hypercognize
    when a particular emotion is expressed with many words and concepts. Some cultures have more words to describe and emotion than others.
  26. Display rules
    the specific rules about what and how an emotion is expressed in a particular culture. Ex. not laughing when your date falls on the ice
  27. Diane Mackie and Eliot Smith – intergroup emotion theory
    • group members in one group experience emotions towards another group according
    • to their identification with their own group and feelings of strength or weakness relative to the outgroup. Anger and contempt for outgroups that are perceived as inferior or weaker than the group. If they feel weaker than the outgroup they will show fear.
  28. Infrahumanization
    the reluctance to allow that outgroup members can have complex emotions like pride or compassion
  29. Feelings-as-information perspective
    the”theory that since many judgments are too complex for people to thoroughly review all the relevant evidence, they rely on their emotions to provide them with rapid, reliable, information about events and conditions within their social environment.
  30. What are the ABC's of attitude
    • affect
    • behaviors
    • cognition
  31. Affect
    • 1.how much a person or people like or dislike an item
    • a. Feelings toward object (frustrated, love,
    • happiness, etc.)
  32. Behavior
    • 1. if they avoid it they don’t like it if they
    • gravitate towards it they do.
    • a. Actions exhibited in relation to object
  33. Cognition
    • 1. the thoughts that reinforce the feelings or
    • affect
    • a. I think…
  34. Implicit attitude measures
    measures the attitude of a person that may be unwilling to report their true feelings (such as prejudices).
  35. Automatic attitudes
    immediate attitude reactions that a person may be unconscious of
  36. LaPiere Study in the 1930’s
    • Traveling across the united states with
    • a  Chinese couple at time when
    • anti-chinese prejudice was high Surprisingly they were only denied service at 1 out of 250 places they visited   
    • However, when each place was later contacted and asked if they would serve  Chinese they said they would not.

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