Science Exam Study Guide

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emb395
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20392
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Science Exam Study Guide
Updated:
2010-05-23 11:49:17
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Science
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Science Notes
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  1. What type of tissue is made up of cells that can contract and relax?
    muscle tissue
  2. What organ system provides support and protects the body parts?
    skeletal system
  3. Muscles cause bones to move when...
    muscles pull on bones
  4. The heart is able to pump blood because it contains a layer of _____ muscle.
    cardiac
  5. Epithelial tissue does not contain....
    ligaments
  6. The ability for the body to maintain a stable internal environment is called....
    homeostasis
  7. What are the main tissues found in the body?
    epithelial, nervous, muscle, and connective tissues
  8. ________ tissue covers and protects underlying tissue.
    Epithelial
  9. ______ tissue joins, supports, protects, insulates, nourishes, and cushions organs.
    connective
  10. When you look at the surface of your skin, you are looking at ....
    epithelial
  11. ______ tissue is found in the brain, nerves, and sense organs.
    Nervous
  12. 2 or more tissues that work together form an....
    organ
  13. The stomach is an example of ...
    organ
  14. Your body has 11 major...
    organ systems
  15. Your skin, hair, and nails protect underlying tissue and make up the _____ system.
    integumentary
  16. What system is responsible for moving your bones?
    muscular
  17. What system involves your heart pumping blood?
    cardiovascular
  18. What system receives and sends electrical messages throughout your body?
    nervous system
  19. What system breaks down food into nutrients that can be absorbed into the body?
    digestive system
  20. What system involves your lungs absorbing oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide?
    respiratory
  21. What system produces and releases sperm?
    reproductive system of a male
  22. What system produces eggs and nourishes the unborn baby?
    reproductive system of a female
  23. An adult has 206 bones which are part of the _____ system.
    skeletal
  24. Your spinal cord is protected by....
    vertebrae
  25. What allows bones in the hand to slide over one another?
    sliding joints
  26. Which muscle type is found in the digestive tract and in blood vessels?
    smooth muscle
  27. Which muscle type is found in the heart?
    cardiac muscle
  28. Which muscle type is attached to your bones for movement, and helps protect you inner organs?
    skeletal muscle
  29. What requires muscles to overcome the weight of another object?
    Resistance exercises
  30. What three actions could help reduce the risk of muscle injury?
    • Gradually Starting an exercise program
    • Warming up before strenuous exercise
    • Stretching after exercise
  31. What is 1.?
    Skull
  32. What is 3.?
    Clavicle
  33. What is 6.?
    Ribs
  34. What is 5.?
    Humerous
  35. What is 7.?
    Vertebral Column
  36. What is 8.?
    Pelvic Girdle
  37. What is 14.?
    Femur
  38. What is 15.?
    Patella
  39. Which of the following aids digestion by producing bile?
    Liver
  40. The fingerlike projections lining the small intestine are called...
    villi
  41. What is not part of the digestive tract/pathway?
    pancreas
  42. The lining of the amall intestine is covered with villi that...
    increase the surface area for nutrient absorption
  43. Large molecules are broken down into nutrients in ...
    chemical digestion
  44. Nutrients are broken down into smaller particles that the body can use by...
    enzymes
  45. Where does digestion begin?
    in the mouth
  46. Using your teeth to crush food is....
    mechanical digestion
  47. Enzymes in saliva begin the process of ...
    chemical digestion
  48. Once the food has been reduced to a soft mush, the tongue pushed it into the throat which leads to a long tube called....
    esophagus

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