Pharm Opiaids-Beg of Diabetes

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  1. What is the drug prescribed for rheumatoid arthritis as well as cancer?
  2. What is an injectable drug that inhibits tumor necrosis factor that is used for a variety of auto-immune diseases?
    Enbrel or Humira
  3. What is the life-threatening adverse effect from a opiate overdose?
    Respiratory Depression
  4. A more potent opiate than morphine which has lower incidence of nausea:
    Hydromorphone (dilaudid)
  5. About 7% of the American population do not get very good pain relief from codeine because:
    They lack the metabolizing enzyme CYP 2D6
  6. What is a morphine derivative that was the most commonly prescribed drug in the country in 2005
  7. __(a)___ is almost always combined with __(b)__
    • a- hydrocodone
    • b- acetaminophen
  8. Another common derivative of morphine available in a long acting form that has become a popular street drug and was publicized by Rush Limbaugh:
  9. __(a)__ was reformulated in fall 2011 because: (b)
    • a- Oxycontin
    • b- people were crushing or chewing them to get a faster high
  10. An opiate that is currently drug of choice for the pain associated with childbirth:
  11. An antitussive with mild hallucinogenic properties:
  12. __(a)__ was originally developed as an alternative to heroin that did not require use of needles, but has been used increasingly as a pain medication in its own right. It has a __(B)__ onset of action.
    • a- methadone
    • b- slow
  13. An opiate that is commonly prescribed for cancer patients and those with frequent vomiting:
  14. An antidote for opioid overdose:
  15. An opioid that is used for the treatment of diarrhea:
  16. There is very little likelihood of __(a)__ being abused because: (b)
    • a- imodium
    • b- it doesn't get absorbed out of the GI tract
  17. A common local anesthetic in the dental office:
  18. Cocaine causes major damage to the noses of people snorting regularly due to its _____ properties.
  19. Tagamet, Pepcid and Axid are examples of the ______ family of drugs which are used to reduce pain of ulcers.
    Histamine 2 Antagonists
  20. The family name of the other major family of drugs used to reduce pain of ulcers: 
    _____ ______ ______
    Proton Pump Inhibitors
  21. All of the generic names of the ___(a)___ family end in __(b)__
    • a- proton pump inhibitor
    • b- -parzole
  22. A commonly prescribed Proton Pump Inhibitor:
    Prilosec or Nexium
  23. The ARB family of antihypertensives have generic names that all end in :
  24. Prior to the 1970's, most medical research was funded by :
    Federal Government
  25. What alternatives to an implanted defibrillator are suggested by Dr. Abramson?
    Diet and exercise
  26. How did drug makers make sure that Nexium appeared more efficaciois than prilosec?
    They gave twice the dosage of nexium
  27. In what way is the list of authors on a medical article sometimes misleading? Be specific!
    Medical articles can be written by ghost writers who were not involved in the research process.
  28. What does PCA stand for?
    Patient controlled analgesia machines
  29. Name two Semi-Synthetic opioids:
    Heroin, Hydromorphone, Codeine, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone
  30. Name two synthetic opioids:
    Demerol, Fentanyl, Darvon/ Darvocet, Tramodol, Robitussin
  31. How do local anesthetics work?
    They act as Na ion channel blockers and block nerve conduction in nerves into which they dissolve
  32. Name two Esters:
    Benzocaine, Cocaine, and Novocaine
  33. Found in sunburn and vaginal itching topical anesthetic.
  34. This is used in dental procedures and comes already mixed with eplinephrine.
  35. What drug family is used for migraines?
    the tryptan family
  36. most ulcers are due to infection of what?
    Helicobacter pylori
  37. What does Tagamet inhibit?
    Cytochrome P-450
  38. Name three newer H2 antagonists that have a longer halflife than Tagamet.
    Ranitidine, famotidine, nizatidine
  39. Name five concerning statistical correlations about Proton Pump Inhibitors.
    • 1- anemia due to low iron
    • 2. Osteoporosis
    • 3. Pneumonia
    • 4. Vitamin B-12
    • 5. Infection with nasty bacteria such as C- diff
  40. ______ is a direct inhibitor of the proton pump. More effective than H2 antagonists.
  41. _____ is a "S mirror image version of prilosec".
  42. What does GERD stand for?
    Gastro- Esophageal Reflux Disease
  43. What occurs with GERD?
    gastric HCL passes into esophagus due to lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation.
  44. What is another name of Diabetes Type 1?
    • Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or, 
    • Juvenile onset diabetes.
  45. Type 1 Diabetes - autoimmune response against ______ cells
  46. What are the most useful effects of Opioids?
    analgesia, anti-tussive, decreased GI motility
  47. The most potent NSAID
  48. An NSAID usually perscribed for gout:
  49. Tylenol is not really an NSAID because:
    It is not an anti-inflammatory drug
  50. The LONG ACTING form of morphine is called:
    Ms Contin
  51. PCA stands for:
    Patient Controlled Analgesia
  52. A morphine derivative that has been one of the most commonly prescribed drug (competing with Lipitor):
  53. __(A)____ is another common derivative of morphine available in a long-acting form called __(B)____. It is a popular street drug and was used by Rush Limbaugh.
    • A- Oxycodone
    • B- Oxycontin
  54. ___(A)_______ has been used increasingly as a pain medication in its own right, but its slow onset has created problems, namely___(B)_____
    • A- Methodone
    • B- Respiratory depression from taking too much
  55. An opiate available as a patch:
  56. The antidote for opioid overdose:
  57. ________ is a local anesthetic available OTC for sunburn pain and also for applied topically for tooth pain until a patient can get to the dentist.
  58. The most common local anesthetic in the dental office:
  59. Cocaine is a schedule _____ drug
  60. Tagamet, Zantac, Pepcid, and Axid act as __(A)_____ of ____(B)___ receptors and are used to reduce the pain of ulcers.
    • A- Antagonist
    • B- Histamine 2
  61. The generic names of these drugs end in _______
  62. The family name of the other family of drugs used to reduce the pain of ulcers:
    Proton Pump Inhibitors
  63. All of the generic names of the Proton Pump Inhibitors end in:
  64. The name of two specific drugs in the Proton Pump Inhibitor family:
    Prilosec and Nexium
  65. Prilosec and Nexium are also used in the treatment of GERD, which stands for:
    Gastric Esophageal Reflux Disease
  66. The full name of the bacteria responsible for causing many of the ulcers not due to NSAIDS:

    This bacteria is usually transmitted by:
    Helicobacter Pylori

Card Set:
Pharm Opiaids-Beg of Diabetes
2013-02-28 06:39:23
OIT Pharm

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