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The concept that everyone is where they are at based on their own decisions; Anyone can achieve the American Dream
The scientific study of human society and its origins.
The relationship between an individual and society; Social outcomes are shaped by social context and actions.
an established and enduring pattern of social relationships. (Religion, Politics, Family, Education ect)
The meaning and ways of life that characterized a society. Including: beliefs, values, norms, and symbols.
Looks at the "big picture" of society and suggests how problems are effected at the institution level.
Concerned with the social psychological dynamics of individuals interacting in small groups; Small scale; Face to face.
A set of statements that explains why a particular phenomena happens
The academic disciplines concerned with society and human nature.
Branches of science that explain "rules" that govern the natural world
Benefits of studying Sociological Perspective?
Helps us understand how the social structure affects our lives; There are many different perspectives
What is the Sociological Perspective?
Its how we look at society.
ex. It may be a functionalist perspective or a conflict perspective.
The ability to perceive or describe something without being influenced by personal emotions or prejudices. (Mainly fact and empirical)
Interpretation based on personal opinions or feelings, rather then facts of evidence.
A phenomenon regarded as bad or undesirable by a significant number of people or a number of significant people
Looks at what social problems get a great deal of attention and how those constructions are influenced by elite interests.
Known as the father of Sociology. He argued the empirical study of Society.
Which two theories does Critical Constructionism synthesize?
Conflict theory and Functionalism
Based of Durkham; How all parts of society play a role to ensure society survival. (crimes, prostitution ect)
"How does this help society?"
Based of Karl Marx; Examines ways in which groups disagree, struggle over power and compete for scarce resources.
Looks at individuals everyday behavior and communication through symbols and shared meanings
Micro- level perspective
Explain the social, economic and political position of women in society. Focuses on gender issues and equality.
Nature vs Nurture
The debate that some qualities of human behavior are genetic and natural vs it being learned through social influences.
Used in the debate in homosexuality and intelligence level.
A group significant in size or composition that mobilizes to remedy a social problem
Social Movement Organizations
Judging another person or culture solely off the values and standards of ones own culture
Company that owns large numbers of companies in various mass media such as television, radio, publishing, movies ect
What are two basic types of government?
Capitalism and Socialism
Both considered economic terms
Less regulation for companies. Making them able to control more of their policies to make more money.
What happened to job security? When did these trends start?
Job security became non existent. With deregulation, reganomics, companies were about to out source jobs for cheaper labor
- Political left (Liberalism)
- Supports big government, in favor of regulation, lowering inequality, higher taxes.
Inability to afford the basic necessities of living
Ability to afford basic living needs, but no added extras
Welfare vs Wealthfare
Welfare: Providing minimal level of well being and support.
Wealthfare: Government aid to upper and middle class (lowered taxes or interest rates)
Internal renewal of economic structure under capitalism; Destroys old ways in favor of new ways of production
Innate Inferiority: Being born with the sense of personal inferiority
Cultural Inferiority: Sense of being inferior due to cultural.
Institutional Discrimination: Discrimination based off the "business usual".
The practice of acquiring full or partial political control of another county
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