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What is Gerontophobia
The fear of aging or growing older
What is ageism?
- The bias in healthcare.
- Healthcare professionals do not receive very much training in care of older adults.
- Older adults are less likely to be screened for diseases or participate in studies or receive preventative care.
What are some negative attitudes towards aging?
In most cases these are not true
- You loose your health and independence.
- You get senile
- You get demanding and useless
- You get sad and find no satisfaction in life
What are some Myths of Aging
- To be old is to be sick.
- You can't teach and old dog new tricks.
- Don't bother to close the barn door after the horse is out of the barn.
- The lights may be on, but the voltage is low.
- Older people don't pull their own weight.
Classification of old:
Young old: A
Middle old: B
Oldest old: C
7 Goals of Healthy People 2020
- Increase # healthcare workforce w/ geriatric certification
- Reduce # of older adults with functional limitations
- Reduce rate of pressure ulcer-related hospitalizations
- Reduce rate of ED visits due to falls
- Increase chronic disease management self-efficacy
- Increase # of states who report Elder abuse/neglect
- Increase physical activity among physically or cognitively impaired
What is Primary aging?
- Related to time
- Physiologic aging AKA Senescence
What is Secondary Aging?
Changes related to trauma or disease
What is Geropsycology?
a branch of psychology concerned with helping older persons and their families maintain well being, overcome problems, and achieve maximum potential during later life.
What are some gerontological nursing roles?
- Fosters independence of elders by:
- Provide care
What are some ANA Standards?
- Quality of care
- Performance appraisal
- Resource utilization
Agency Standards are policed by who?
What are the components of the Psycological theory of aging?
- Human needs
- Stages of personality development
- Lifespan Development
It explains aging in terms of mental processes, emotions, attitudes and personality development. Life Stage Transitions
What are the components of the Sociological theory?
Changing roles, relationships, status and generational cohort that impact the adult's ability to adapt
- Gerotranscendence (from materialistic to oneness with the universe)
What are the components of the Biological theory of aging?
Stochastic= free radicals, errors in DNA/RNA, and wear and tear
Non-Stochastic= Programmed theory, Gene, Neuroendocrine, and immune.
What are the components of the Nursing Theory of aging?
- Functional Consequences
- Theory of Thriving
Minimizing age associated disabilities. Enhance safety and quality of living.
Cultural views on aging
Most other cultures view their elders with respect and care deeply for them.
Americans see them as useless
5 Care setting for health care
- Inpatient Subacute unit
- Acute Care Hospital
- Inpatient Rehabilitation unit
- Long-term care facility