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English writer considered the greatest poet and playwright of all times
Plays employed superb dramatic technique to probe historical events and human character
Wrote in the vernacular
English writer influenced by Dante and Boccaccio
Used English in his writings
Canterbury Tales: a link between Anglo-Saxon and modern English
Describes people on pilgrimage and describes virtues and vices of real people
Father of English poetry
Sir Thomas More
Utopia: Portrayed an ideal country free from war, injustice, poverty, and ignorance
Indirectly attacked the evils of 16th century English
Spaniard who ridiculed feudal society in Don Quixote
Florentine diplomat who gathered first hand political experience
The prince was a guidebook for rulers
Observed how real people thought and acted
Leaders should be "feared and not loved"
"The ends justify the means"
Outcomes of the printing press
Output of books produced and its accuracy increased
Affordable printed materials increased literacy and learning
Encouraged talented people to write
Helped to spread humanist ideas
Considered the first writer with Renaissance characteristics
Utilizes classical heroes, poets, and philosophers
Written in Latin
Credited for saving classical works and bringing them to his fellow scholars
Italian who studied the classics and wrote in both Italian and Latin
Wrote love poems expressing romantic love and appreciation to nature
Imitated the style of classical writers
Dutch humanist scholar
Praise of Folly - ridiculed superstition, prejudice, upper class privileges and Church abuses
His satires encouraged people to thing about reforms. Impact on the Reformation
Florentine humanist, poet, and writer
The Decameron were short stories about ten men and women who move the country to escape the Black Death. They amuse themselves by making fun of medieval customs
Controversial in its content for the time period
Leonardo Da Vinci
Painter, sculptor, engineer, and inventor
Produced a large number of studies on tanks, catapults, portable bridges, flying machines, and weapons centuries before the invention of planes and submarines
Studied the human anatomy
Most famous masterpieces are "The Last Supper" and the "Mona Lisa"
Interested in the ideas of humanism and nature.
David was the first nude sculpture he produced
Jan van Eyck
Examined the human face to try to show the thoughts of the person he was painting
Enjoyed the homeliness and would sometimes add more moles wrinkles to a person's face than was realistic
Best known for his use of color and light
Thought of himself mainly as a sculptor
A painter, poet, and architect
Sculpted the biblical character of David
Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Painted Last Judgement
Studied the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci
Painted portraits of Pope Julius II and Baldssare Castiglione
Famous for his paintings of angels and Madonna's
Made Madonna appear greater than mortal mothers
Considered the leading Flemish artist of the 1500s
Used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life
Most famous artworks are The Peasant Wedding and Children Games
Traveled to Italy to study the techniques of the Italian painters
Stressed geometry and measurements as the key to understanding the art of the Italian Renaissance
Sometimes referred to as the "German Leonardo"
Designed and built some of the most beautiful architecture in all of Italy
Rediscovered the lost Greek and Roman rules of perspective
Greatest architectural achievement is the dome to the top of the Florence Cathedral
Developed the heliocentric model of the universe. This new model of the universe was completely opposite from the church's belief.
Discovered evidence that supported the Copernicus' Heliocentric model, by observing the sky and identifying how the stars moved
Contributed to the ideas of Copernicus by calculatiung that the planets did not move in perfect circles but rather they orbited in ellipses
Developed the first telescope. He had enough evidence that the earth was not the center of the universe that he confronted the church with his findins. The church reacted by excommunicating him.
While watching an apple fall from a tree, Newton became interested in the way force acts on objects. He thought that the same force that made the apple fall to the ground caused the planets to move. He called this force gravity.