Renaissance people

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r2484550
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204190
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Renaissance people
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2013-03-04 12:53:28
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Social Studies
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  1. William Shakespeare
    English writer considered the greatest poet and playwright of all times

    Plays employed superb dramatic technique to probe historical events and human character

    Wrote in the vernacular
  2. Geoffrey Chaucer
    English writer influenced by Dante and Boccaccio

    Used English in his writings

    Canterbury Tales: a link between Anglo-Saxon and modern English

    Describes people on pilgrimage and describes virtues and vices of real people

    Father of English poetry
  3. Sir Thomas More
    English humanist

    Utopia: Portrayed an ideal country free from war, injustice, poverty, and ignorance

    Indirectly attacked the evils of 16th century English
  4. Miguel Cervantes
    Spaniard who ridiculed feudal society in Don Quixote
  5. Niccolo Machiavelli
    Florentine diplomat who gathered first hand political experience

    The prince was a guidebook for rulers

    Observed how real people thought and acted

    Leaders should be "feared and not loved"

    "The ends justify the means"
  6. Johannes Gutenberg
    Printing press
  7. Outcomes of the printing press
    Output of books produced and its accuracy increased

    Prices decreased

    Affordable printed materials increased literacy and learning

    Encouraged talented people to write

    Helped to spread humanist ideas
  8. Dante
    Considered the first writer with Renaissance characteristics

    Divine comedy
  9. Divine comedy
    Utilizes classical heroes, poets, and philosophers

    Written in Latin
  10. Petrarch
    Credited for saving classical works and bringing them to his fellow scholars

    Italian who studied the classics and wrote in both Italian and Latin

    Wrote love poems expressing romantic love and appreciation to nature

    Imitated the style of classical writers
  11. Desidarius Erasmus
    Dutch humanist scholar

    Praise of Folly - ridiculed superstition, prejudice, upper class privileges and Church abuses

    His satires encouraged people to thing about reforms. Impact on the Reformation
  12. Giovanni Boccaccio
    Florentine humanist, poet, and writer

    The Decameron were short stories about ten men and women who move the country to escape the Black Death. They amuse themselves by making fun of medieval customs

    Controversial in its content for the time period
  13. Leonardo Da Vinci
    Painter, sculptor, engineer, and inventor

    Produced a large number of studies on tanks, catapults, portable bridges, flying machines, and weapons centuries before the invention of planes and submarines

    Studied the human anatomy

    Most famous masterpieces are "The Last Supper" and the "Mona Lisa"
  14. Donatello
    Interested in the ideas of humanism and nature. 

    David was the first nude sculpture he produced
  15. Jan van Eyck
    Belgium portraitist

    Examined the human face to try to show the thoughts of the person he was painting

    Enjoyed the homeliness and would sometimes add more moles wrinkles to a person's face than was realistic

    Best known for his use of color and light
  16. Michelangelo Bounnaroti
    Thought of himself mainly as a sculptor

    A painter, poet, and architect

    Sculpted the biblical character of David

    Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

    Painted Last Judgement
  17. Raphael
    Studied the works of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci

    Painted portraits of Pope Julius II and Baldssare Castiglione

    Famous for his paintings of angels and Madonna's

    Made Madonna appear greater than mortal mothers
  18. Peter Bruegel
    Considered the leading Flemish artist of the 1500s

    Used vibrant colors to portray lively scenes of peasant life

    Most famous artworks are The Peasant Wedding and Children Games
  19. Albrecht Durer
    German artist

    Traveled to Italy to study the techniques of the Italian painters

    Stressed geometry and measurements as the key to understanding the art of the Italian Renaissance

    Sometimes referred to as the "German Leonardo"
  20. Fillipo Brunelleschi
    Designed and built some of the most beautiful architecture in all of Italy

    Rediscovered the lost Greek and Roman rules of perspective

    Greatest architectural achievement is the dome to the top of the Florence Cathedral
  21. Nicolaus Copernicus
    Developed the heliocentric model of the universe. This new model of the universe was completely opposite from the church's belief.
  22. Tycho Brahe
    Discovered evidence that supported the Copernicus' Heliocentric model, by observing the sky and identifying how the stars moved
  23. Johannes Kepler
    Contributed to the ideas of Copernicus by calculatiung that the planets did not move in perfect circles but rather they orbited in ellipses
  24. Galileo Galilei
    Developed the first telescope. He had enough evidence that the earth was not the center of the universe that he confronted the church with his findins. The church reacted by excommunicating him.
  25. Isaac Newton
    While watching an apple fall from a tree, Newton became interested in the way force acts on objects. He thought that the same force that made the apple fall to the ground caused the planets to move. He called this force gravity.

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