Medical Terminology Week 3

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dhsc19
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204202
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Medical Terminology Week 3
Updated:
2013-03-02 01:21:04
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Medical terminology
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Medical terminology
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  1. -algia
    pain

    • neuralgia - nerve pain
    • gastralgia - stomach ache
  2. -cele
    hernia, protrusion, mass/tumor (a lump that you can feel)
  3. -centesis
    Puncture
  4. -desis*
    Fixation, to fuse

    • Arthrodesis
    • Spondylodesis
  5. -ectasis
    Expansion or dilation

    (bronchiectasis)
  6. -ectomy
    removal, excision, reduction
  7. -emia
    Blood

    • Hyperglycemia
    • Polycythemia
  8. -genic
    Origin (where it starts)

    Osteogenic - started in the bone
  9. -iasis*
    Condition, the presence of

    Cholelithiasis - gall bladder stone
  10. -itis
    Inflammation

    Myocarditis
  11. -lithotomy
    Incision to remove a stone
  12. -lysis
    Destroy

    • Lysis of adhesions - removal of scar tissue
    • Hemolysis - destroy blood
  13. -malacia
    Softening

    Osteomalacia - softening of the bones
  14. -megaly
    Enlargement

    • Hepatomegaly - enlarged liver
    • Splenomegaly - enlarged spleen
  15. -oid
    Like something

    As in humanoid, or fibroid (fiber-like)
  16. -oma
    Tumor

    Adenoma - gland tumor
  17. -osis
    Increase or decrease of condition

    Arteriosclerosis
  18. -pathy
    Disease
  19. -penia
    Deficient,  lacking

    Leukopenia - lacking white blood cells
  20. -pexy*
    Fixation, suspension

    Mastopexy - breast lift
  21. -plasty
    Plastic surgery

    Blepharoplasty
  22. -ptosis
    To fall down

    Nephroptosis - floating kidney
  23. -rhaphy
    Suture
  24. -rhea*
    Discharge

    • Rhinorrhea - runny nose
    • Menorrhea
  25. -rhexis
    Rupture

    Angiorrhexis - blood vessel rupture
  26. -scopy
    To examine with a scope

    • Cystoscopy - looking at the bladder with a scope
    • Esophogastroduedenoscopy
  27. -spasm
    Involuntary contraction of a muscle
  28. -stasis
    Rest or halt (balance)
  29. -stenosis*
    Too narrow
  30. -stomy
    Artificial opening

    Colostomy
  31. -tomy
    An incision to get into
  32. -tripsy
    To crush (lithotripsy)
  33. -trophy*
    Growth, size

    • Atrophy- no growth
    • Hypertrophy - too much growth
  34. a,  an-
    Without, not

    • apnea
    • anasthesia - without feeling
  35. ab-
    Away from the body
  36. ad-
    Coming toward the body
  37. ante-
    Before
  38. anti-
    Against

    • Antiseptic
    • Antitoxin
  39. bi-
    Two

    Bilateral - two sides
  40. co, con-
    Together or with

    congenital - born with it.
  41. contra-
    Opposite

    Contraindicated
  42. dys-
    Painful or difficult

    Dystocia - painful or difficult labor
  43. ec, ecto-
    outside

    ectopic - outside uterus
  44. en, em-
    inside
  45. endo-
    within

    endocardium - within the heart
  46. epi-
    upon

    epidermis, epigastric
  47. ex-
    out
  48. hemi-
    right or left half

    hemiplegia
  49. hyper-
    too much

    hyperacidic
  50. hypo-
    too little, below, deficient

    hypoglycemia
  51. infra-
    below or beneath

    infracostal - below the ribs
  52. inter-
    between
  53. intra-
    within
  54. iso-
    equal
  55. meso-
    middle
  56. micro-
    very small
  57. pan-
    all
  58. par, para-
    around

    parametrium
  59. peri-
    around and about
  60. post-
    after
  61. pre-
    before
  62. pro-
    fall forward
  63. retro-
    backwards
  64. semi-
    half
  65. sub-
    below
  66. super, supra-
    above
  67. sym, syn-
    with
  68. trans-
    across
  69. tri-
    three
  70. uni-
    one
  71. Position and direction: 
    Afferent
    nerve signal going towards the brain
  72. Position and direction: 
    Anterior or ventral
    the front of the person
  73. Position and direction: 
    Central
    core (frex, spinal column)
  74. Position and direction: 
    Deep
    towards the internal
  75. Position and direction: 
    Distal or peripheral
    the part of the limb furthest away from the attachment point on the trunk.
  76. Position and direction:
    Efferent
    going outward towards the peripherals from the central organ
  77. Position and direction: 
    Inferior or caudal
    toward the feet
  78. Position and direction: 
    Intermediate
    between two other structures
  79. Position and direction: 
    Lateral
    towards the left or right side
  80. Position and direction: 
    Medial
    towards the midline
  81. Position and direction:
    Posterior or dorsal
    the back of the person
  82. Position and direction: 
    Proximal
    the part of the limb that is closest to the attachment point of the trunk
  83. Position and direction: 
    Superficial
    near the outer surface of the body
  84. Position and direction: 
    Superior or cephalic
    towards the head
  85. Anatomical position terms:
    Coronal/frontal
    A plane that divides the ventral and dorsal
  86. Anatomical position terms:
    Sagittal
    A plane that divides left and right
  87. Anatomical position terms:
    Horizontal
    A plane that divides top and bottom
  88. Anatomical position terms:
    Transverse
    A plane that divides top and bottom
  89. Anatomical position terms:
    Longitudinal
    A plane that divides left and right
  90. Movement:
    Adduction
    A movement that brings the anatomical part closer to the median
  91. Movement:
    Abduction
    A movement that takes the anatomical part away from the median
  92. Movement:
    Flex
    Bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts
  93. Movement:
    Extend
    A straightening movement that increases the angle between two parts
  94. Median is also known as...
    Also known as midline
  95. Additional terms:
    Diagnosis
    made on the basis of complete knowledge
  96. Additional terms: 
    Prognosis
    a prediction of what will happen in the future
  97. Additional terms: 
    Symptoms
    changes felt that make you aware something is wrong
  98. Additional terms:
    Iatrogenic
    an illness that was caused by an error in the medical examination or treatment
  99. Additional terms: 
    Nosocomial
    an infection that someone got in the hospital
  100. Additional terms: 
    Idiopathic
    a problem that we do not know the cause of
  101. Additional terms:
    Supine
    lying on the back
  102. Additional terms: 
    Prone
    lying face down
  103. Additional terms: 
    Recumbent
    lying down but don't know which way
  104. Additional terms:
    Autopsy
    postmortem examination for cause of death
  105. Additional terms: 
    Pathology
    study of disease
  106. Additional terms: 
    Biopsy
    tissue or fluid sample for examination
  107. Additional terms: 
    Histology
    the study of tissue
  108. Additional terms: 
    Acute
    a condition that is severe but short
  109. Additional terms:
    Chronic
    a continuing condition
  110. Additional terms: 
    Relapse
    to get the disease again
  111. #1
    Cervical
  112. #2
    Thoracic or dorsal
  113. #3
    Lumbar or loin
  114. #4
    Sacrum/al
  115. #5
    Coccyx

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