Gero Midterm Part 2

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Gero Midterm Part 2
2013-02-28 22:48:51
Gero Midterm Part

Gero Midterm Part 2
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  1. What are some Barriers to Communication?
    • Sensory Impairments
    • Dementia
    • Depression
    • Physical Discomfort
    • Noise/Distractions
    • Too much information
    • Too many people speaking at once
    • Interviewer¬†judgmental
    • Sociocultural factors: Biases
  2. Normal vision age-related changes?
    • Presbyopia
    • Poor Visual acuity
    • Increased sensitivity to light and glare
    • More opaque lens
    • decreased tear production
    • decreased night vision
  3. Common visual pathology
    • senile cateracts
    • glaucoma
    • diabetic retinopathy
    • age-related macular degeneration
  4. Normal age-related hearing changes
    Presbycusis= decreased sensitivity to pitch w/ high frequency consonants

    poor word recognition
  5. Common pathology hearing losses
    • Total hearing loss
    • loss of low frequency tones
    • tinnitus
    • exposure to ototoxic substances
    • Disease that may cause hearing loss
    • .HTN
    • .Diabetes Type II
    • . Hx of Measles, Mumps or Meningitis
    • .Cigarette smoke¬†
    • . Chronic middle ear infections untreated
  6. Define Immunosenescence
    Aging of the immune system
  7. Define Lentigo
    A condition marked by small brown patches on the skin, typically in elderly people.
  8. What are the three S's that you assess for?
    Safety, Social Support, and Spirituality
  9. Living Will is an Advanced Directive that?
    States the type of medical care wanted if unable to make decisions
  10. Decision specific capacity
    When an individual can no longer handle a particular task such as finances but otherwise can manage his/her affairs
  11. decision making capacity
    a yes or no situation where patients have the ability understand the nature and consequences of their choices; able to make a choice between options; and able to communicate that choice.
  12. IADLs
    refer to those tasks needed to enable a person to live independently in a house/apartment (home maintenance, meal prep, finances, etc. )
  13. AADLs
    refer to those tasks needed to enable a person to interact in family, social and community roles (hobbies, recreational activities, community involvement, etc).
  14. HOPE
    spiritual assessment tool
  15. DPAHC
    • Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare
    • appoints a surrogate (who may be a spouse but who can be anyone) to make decisions for the patient.