Gero Midterm Part 2
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What are some Barriers to Communication?
- Sensory Impairments
- Physical Discomfort
- Too much information
- Too many people speaking at once
- Interviewer judgmental
- Sociocultural factors: Biases
Normal vision age-related changes?
- Poor Visual acuity
- Increased sensitivity to light and glare
- More opaque lens
- decreased tear production
- decreased night vision
Common visual pathology
- senile cateracts
- diabetic retinopathy
- age-related macular degeneration
Normal age-related hearing changes
Presbycusis= decreased sensitivity to pitch w/ high frequency consonants
poor word recognition
Common pathology hearing losses
- Total hearing loss
- loss of low frequency tones
- exposure to ototoxic substances
- Disease that may cause hearing loss
- .Diabetes Type II
- . Hx of Measles, Mumps or Meningitis
- .Cigarette smoke
- . Chronic middle ear infections untreated
Aging of the immune system
A condition marked by small brown patches on the skin, typically in elderly people.
What are the three S's that you assess for?
Safety, Social Support, and Spirituality
Living Will is an Advanced Directive that?
States the type of medical care wanted if unable to make decisions
Decision specific capacity
When an individual can no longer handle a particular task such as finances but otherwise can manage his/her affairs
decision making capacity
a yes or no situation where patients have the ability understand the nature and consequences of their choices; able to make a choice between options; and able to communicate that choice.
refer to those tasks needed to enable a person to live independently in a house/apartment (home maintenance, meal prep, finances, etc. )
refer to those tasks needed to enable a person to interact in family, social and community roles (hobbies, recreational activities, community involvement, etc).
spiritual assessment tool
- Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare
- appoints a surrogate (who may be a spouse but who can be anyone) to make decisions for the patient.
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