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Progressives supported greater participation in the political process through all of the following EXCEPT:
A. primary elections.
C. initiative and referendum.
D. direct election of senators.
E. city manager government.
What was the federal government's attitude toward trusts during most of the Progressive period?:
A. the government should not interfere with the organization of trusts or their operation.
B. good trusts should be allowed to exist subject to proper governmental regulations.
C. the wealth that trusts created justified full government support.
D. all trusts were bad because they stifled competition.
E. government should support large trusts and business consolidations.
The Hepburn Act strengthened the authority of the Interstate Commerce Commission by?:
A. declaring that rate discrimination and rebates were legal.
B. compelling railroads to file tax reports.
C. declaring the use of Pinkerton detectives by the railroads null and void.
D. giving it the power to set maximum rates that railroads could charge.
E. authorizing it to issue injunctions against the railroads.
In general, the women's club movement?:
A. played an important role in winning passage of state laws regulating conditions of housing and the workplace.
B. confined its activities to social and cultural activities.
C. seldom adopted positions on controversial public issues.
D. overtly challenged the prevailing assumptions about the proper role of women in society.
The anti-immigration movement that emerged during the progressive period was fueled by all of the following EXCEPT?:
A. immigrants were creating unmanageable urban problems.
B. unrestricted immigration was a threat to the nation's racial purity.
C. the new immigrants were much less assimilating than were earlier immigrants.
D. a completely open immigration policy was contrary to American tradition.
Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled "The Shame of the Cities"?:
A. attacked the United States Senate.
B. exposed the deplorable conditions of blacks in urban areas.
C. unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
D. laid bare the practices of the stock market.
Ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment is considered a progressive victory because by?:
A. providing for the direct election of United States senators, it took their election out of the hands of state legislatures.
B. establishing a regulatory commission for all industry, it furthered the concept of a planned economy.
C. providing for the income tax, it had the effect of redistributing wealth in the United States.
D. making the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages illegal, it furthered the progressive goal of moral purity.
Theodore Roosevelt's chief criticism of the muckrakers was that they?:
A. influenced only a limited number of voters.
B. supplied the Democrats with good political issues.
C. undermined reforms already in progress.
D. lacked sufficient documentation for many of their writings.
E. were more adept at exposing abuses than at constructive efforts.
The Progressive movement's attitude toward monopoly was one of?:
A. advocating a cooperative economy.
B. encouraging the progressive development of trusts which had a social conscience.
C. ignoring the subject as of minor importance in comparison with dishonest politics and corrupt morals.
D. advocating the end of corporate privileges in government and the regulation or destruction of trusts.
E. desiring the institution of profit-sharing.
The main purpose of initiative, referendum, and recall was to?:
A. reduce federal control over local government.
B. enlarge citizens' control over state and local governments.
C. stimulate economic growth.
D. restore the balance between state and federal power.
What happened to bring about the passage in 1906 of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act?:
A. the revelation that Colden's Liquid Beef Tonic contained 26.5% alcohol.
B. the disgusting descriptions found in The Jungle (Upton Sinclair).
C. regulation pressure from the larger food-processing, meatpacking, and medicinal companies.
D. all of these choices are correct.
Jane Addams opened a settlement house for which of the following two reasons?:
A. to earn rent money and to fight the political bosses.
B. to create a home base for launching a political career and to fight neighborhood crime.
C. to help her neighbors and to create meaningful work opportunities for educated women.
D. to clean up Halsted Street and to become the first female war boss.
What is an accurate contrast between the Populists and politically active Progressives?:
A. the Populists sought to limit the power of government, the Progressives expanded the power of government to address social needs.
B. Populist supporters were largely Southern or Western agrarians, Progressive supporters were largely middle class urban professionals.
C. the Populists made some political gains at the state level, but failed in national politics; the Progressives, ignoring state politics, enjoyed success at the national level.
D. the Populist Party never won a presidential election, between 1900 and 1920, the Progressive Party never lost one.
Which of the following does NOT correctly describe the Progressives?:
A. they favored government regulation of business on behalf of the public interest.
B. they were concerned with the social and economic conditions of the city.
C. they advocated a more orderly and efficient society.
D. they called for a stronger state and federal government.
E. they represented farmers and the working class.
Which of the following statements best summarizes Theodore Roosevelt's position on trusts?:
A. trusts are an economic evil and should be destroyed in every case.
B. only trusts in the railroad and oil industries are acceptable.
C. good trusts should be tolerated while bad trusts are prevented from manipulating markets.
D. only trusts in the meatpacking industry should be broken up.
E. anything that stands in the way of complete and unrestricted economic competition is evil and should be removed.
The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government?:
A. brought democracy to urban dwellers.
B. was designed to remove politics from municipal administration.
C. was developed in Wisconsin.
D. made giant strides under the leadership of Hiram Jackson.
The ideology of Progressivism, insofar as it had one, generally?:
A. called for redistribution of incomes from wealthy to poor and a socialist approach to government.
B. was rooted in firm and fixed standards of morality and truth.
C. stressed trying to meet the special needs of each identifiable private interest.
D. mixed a liberal concern for the poor with a conservative wish to control social disorder.
Which of the following was, in large part, a consequence of Upton Sinclair's 1906 book, The Jungle?:
A. President Theodore Roosevelt supported passage of the Meat Inspection Act.
B. drug manufacturers agreed to stop selling impure merchandise.
C. railroad rate-making was taken out of the hands of the railroad industry and put into the hands of the ICC.
D. President Roosevelt supported legislation to guarantee the rights of workers to bargain collectively.
This muckraker's book, History of Standard Oil Company, chronicled the abuses of the company and led to a court case that caused the breakup of that monopoly.
This was established by Congress in 1887 to regulate railroad rates and prevent abuses by the railroads.
I. C. C.
A proposal submitted to a popular vote before putting it into effect.
This outspoken social reformer began the modern birth control movement.
By gathering enough signatures on a petition, a group can force a legislature to consider a proposal or require it to be placed on the ballot for public vote.
This writer exposed hideous conditions and practices within the meatpacking industry. Leads to 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
This militant labor union attracted the support of immigrant factory workers, migrant farm laborers, loggers, and miners.
I. W. W.
This energetic reformer from Iowa became the new president of the national American Woman Suffrage Association in 1900. She argued for the vote as a broadening of democracy which would empower women, to more actively care for their families in an industrial society.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Proposed by a leading progressive governor of the times, it stated that a government had the responsibility for its citizens' welfare.
In his 1911 book, Principles of Scientific Management, he explained his ideas for increasing efficiency by standardizing job routines and rewarding factory workers.
Frederick W. Taylor
A 1911 fire in this company, where over 140 women workers died, led to new laws regulating work hours, working conditions, and fire codes.
Triangle Shirtwaist Co.
This action authorized the I. C. C. to impose heavy fines on railroads that offered rebates, and upon the shippers that accepted these rebates. The railroad companies were not permitted to offer rebates.
This case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health.
Muller v. Oregon
This reform governor of Wisconsin campaigned for federal control of the railroads.
Robert M. La Follette
Reform writers who investigated alarming conditions in factories, city slums, politics, and other areas of American life.
In this strike by the United Mine Workers of America, miners in eastern Pennsylvania were on strike asking for higher wages, shorter workdays and the recognition of their union. The strike also threatened to shut down the winter fuel supply to all major cities.
Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902
_________ became the largest company and threatened to form a monopoly in railroad travel. The public was alarmed and TR decided to pursue a case against the company; case closed with decision that it should dissolve into separate companies. This goes along with the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Northern Securities Case
A United States federal law that funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states in the American West.
Newlands Act of 1902
He is known for reforming the management and development of forests in the United States and for advocating the conservation of the nation's reserves by planned use and renewal.
An effort, particularly under President William Howard Taft, to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program aimed at helping middle class citizens, while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor.
What are "the three C's" of Roosevelt's Square Deal?
- conservation of natural resources
- control of corporations
- consumer protection
Ideology that the man was in charge of the public side of life while the woman was in charge of the private side of life. (Men went to work, voted, participated in civics while the women cooked, raised the children, and took care of other domestic duties).
____________ was the first mass organization among women devoted to social reform with a program that "linked the religious and the secular through concerted and far-reaching reform strategies based on applied Christianity."
Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)