ap united states history chapter 29 twenty nine flashcards apnotes net
Flashcards made from the main points of Chapter 29 on apnotes.net
The new crusaders, who called themselves ___________, waged war on many evils including monopolies, corruption, inefficiency and social justice.
Henry Demarest Lloyd assailed the Standard Oil Company in 1894 with his book _____________
Wealth Against Commonwealth
Jacob A. Riis shocked middle-class Americans in 1890 with _____________ which described the dark and dirty slums of New York.
How the Other Half Lives
Who was known for challenging the Standard Oil Company with a book?
Henry Demarest Lloyd
Who was known for describing the dark and dirty slums of New York?
Jacob A. Riis
The reform-minded journalists who wrote articles in popular magazines starting in 1902 were called _________ by President Roosevelt.
In 1902, New York reporter, Lincoln Steffens launched a series of articles in McClure's titled _________________ which unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
"The Shame of the Cities"
Who was known for unmasking the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government with articles in McClure's?
______________ published a devastating but factual depiction of the Standard Oil Company.
Ida M. Tarbell
David G. Phillips published a series, ______________ in Cosmopolitan that charged that 75 of the 90 senators did not represent the people but they rather represented railroads and trust.
"The Treason of the Senate"
Who was known for publishing in Cosmopolitan, revealing that 75 of 90 senators represented railroads and trusts instead of the people?
David G. Phillips
The suppression of America's blacks was shown in Ray Stannard's ______________ (1908).
Following the Color Line
John Spargo wrote of the abuses of child labor in _______________ (1906).
The Bitter Cry of the Children
Who was known for showing the suppression of America's blacks?
Who was known for writing about the abuses of child labor?
Progressives sought which two goals?
use state power to control the trusts
stem the socialist threat by generally improving the common person's conditions of life and labor
Progressives supported direct primary elections and favored __________ so that voters could directly propose legislation themselves, thus bypassing the boss-sought state legislatures.
What three things did progressives support?
What would place laws on ballots for final approval by the people?
What would enable the voters to remove faithless corrupt officials?
What did the 17th Amendment do?
established the direct election of U.S. senators
In 1901, the governor of Wisconsin and significant figure of the progressive era, _______________ took considerable control from the corrupt corporations and returned it to the people.
Robert M. La Follette
Governor of California, _______________ helped to break the dominant grip of the Southern Pacific Railroad on California politic in 1910.
Hiram W. Johnson
What were settlement houses?
it exposed middle-class women to poverty, political corruption, and intolerable working and living condition
A crucial focus for women's activism was the ______________.
settlement house movement
Female activists worked through organizations like the _____________ and the _____________.
Women's Trade Union League
National Consumers League
Florence Kelley took control of the _______________ in 1899 and mobilized female consumers to pressure for laws safeguarding women and children in the workplace.
National Consumers League
Who took control of the National Consumers League and mobilized female consumers to pressure for laws safeguarding women and children in the workplace?
What were the three parts of the "Square Deal" program?
control of the corporations
conservation of natural resources
After the coal miners strike in PA, Congress, now aware of the increased hostilities between capital and labor, created the ______________________ in 1903.
Department of Commerce
In 1903, Congress passed the ___________, which allowed for heavy fines to be placed on railroads that gave rebates and on shippers that accepted them.
Congress passed the ______________ of 1906, restricting free passes and expanding the Interstate Commerce Commission to extend to include express companies, sleeping-car companies, and pipelines.
What were the "free passes" offered by railroads?
rewards offered to companies allowing an allotted number of free shipments; given to companies to encourage future business
In 1902, POTUS Roosevelt challenged the ________________ and the Supreme Court upheld Roosevelt, dissolving the monopoly of railroads in the Northwest.
Northern Securities Company
The _______________ stated that the preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspection.
Meat Inspection Act of 1906
The ___________________________ of 1906 was designed to prevent the adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals.
Pure Food and Drug Act
The ____________________ of 1887 allowed the federal government to sell dry land cheaply on the condition that the purchaser would irrigate the soil within 3 years.
Desert Land Act
The ___________________ of 1891 authorized the president to set aside public forests as national parks and other reserves.
Forest Reserve Act
The _________________ of 1894 distributed federal land to the states on the condition that it be irrigated and settled.
POTUS Roosevelt convinced Congress to pass the ______________ of 1902, which authorized the federal government to collect money from the sale of public lands in western states and then use these funds for the development of irrigation projects.
In 1900, Roosevelt set aside ________________ acres of land in federal reserves.
The __________________________ sought to combine recreation, sustained-yield logging, watershed protection, and summer stock grazing on the same expanse of federal land.
"multiple-use resource management"
Responding to the panic of 1907, Congress passed the __________________ in 1908 which authorized national banks to issue emergency currency backed by various kinds of collateral.
In the election of 1908, the Republican Party chose ___________________ while the Democratic Party chose ___________________.
William Howard Taft
William Jennings Bryan
Who won the election of 1908?
William Howard Taft
Secretary of State Philander C. Knox proposed that a group of American and foreign bankers buy the ___________ railroads and turn them over to China in order to keep the Open Door policy.
In 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the ________________, stating that it violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890.
Standard Oil company
In 1911, the Courts handed down its _____________, a doctrine that stated that only those trusts that unreasonably restrained trade were illegal.
"rule of reason"
POTUS Taft signed the _______________ in 1909, a tariff bill that placed a high tariff on many imports, betraying his campaign promises of lowering the tariff.
Taft was a strong conservationist, but in 1910, the ___________________ erased much of his conservationist record.
The ____________________ had ____ after Taft broke up Roosevelt's U.S. Steel Corporation, which Roosevelt had worked long and hard to form, making Roosevelt his enemy.
In 1911, the ____________________ was formed with La Follette as its leading candidate for the Republican presidential nomination.
National Progressive Republican League
The ____________________ happened in June of 1912 when the Republican convention met in Chicago, Roosevelt supporters claimed fraud and refused to vote, Taft won the Republican nomination.