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the accepted responsibility of the media to protect
the public from deceitful, careless, incompetent and corrupt officials by
standing ready to expose any official who violates accepted legal, ethical or
individuals or institutions which control access to
positions of power and regulate the flow of information and political
the power of the media through news coverage to
focus the public's attention and concern on particular events, problems,
issues, personalities, and so forth.
the quality of preferring concepts or facts one
wishes to be true, rather than concepts or facts known to be true
cheap, tabloid-style papers produced in the United States
during the mid-19th century.
presents little or no legitimate well-researched
news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers
typed, printed, and published piece of paper,
magazine or a radio or television program, usually weekly, showing articles on
a series of thirty evening radio addresses given by
United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.
Respect and admiration felt for someone or
something on the basis of their achievements or quality.
A newspaper having pages half the size of those of a standard
newspaper, typically popular in style and dominated by headlines, photographs
Hard new generally refers to up-to-the-minute news and
events that are reported immediately, while soft news is background information
or human-interest stories. Politics, war, economics and crime used to be
considered hard news, while arts, entertainment and lifestyles were considered
the concept in economics that refers to individuals
being provided incentive to relinquish something (e.g. capital, expertise,
labour) for deployment to a productive purpose.
Private ownership/profit motive-
determine audience size
required the holders of broadcast licenses to both
present controversial issues of public importance and to do so in a manner that
was, in the Commission's view, honest, equitable and balanced.
specifies that U.S. radio and television broadcast
stations must provide an equivalent opportunity to any opposing political
candidates who request it
equal time rule
(reduced barriers to ownership ip meeeia/sectors/market
share, Planet Viacom, Clear Channel)
telecommunications act of 1996
GE-NBC, News Corp-Fox, Disney-ABC, Viacom, Time Warner-CNN,
The Big 6
Of sufficient interest or importance to the public
to warrant reporting in the media.
being at the right time
an often derogatory term used to describe the
tendency of news reporting to become .
amount of time spent on news content
a metaphor used by journalists and other writers to
illustrate the placing of the most important information first within a text.
inverted pyramid style
a situation in which information, ideas, or beliefs
are amplified or reinforced by transmission inside an "enclosed"
judgment based on observable phenomena and
uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices.
between government agencies and private industry
A model of reporting in which the journalist's role
involves adopting a stance of opposition and a combative style in order to
expose perceived wrongdoings.
any method of interviewing designed to entrap
interviewees into making statements that are damaging or discreditable to their
neutrality to the point of bias, reliance on