latin nle terms

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kelly
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latin nle terms
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2013-03-01 11:43:32
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  1. Kalendae
    1st of month
  2. Nonae
    5th or 7th of the month
  3. Idus
    14th or 15th of month
  4. a.d.
    • ante diem
    • days before
  5. pridie
    the day before
  6. A.U.C.
    • ad urbe condita
    • from the founding of the city
  7. A.D.
    • Anno Domini
    • the year of our death
  8. ver
    spring
  9. aestas
    summer
  10. autumnus
    autumn
  11. hiems
    winter
  12. Dies Lunae
    • monday
    • day of the moon
  13. Dies Martis
    • tuesday
    • day of mars
  14. Dies Mercuris
    • wednesday
    • day of mercury
  15. Dies Iovis
    • thrusaday
    • day of jupiter
  16. Dies Veneris
    • friday
    • day of venus
  17. Dies Saturnis
    • saturday
    • day of saturn
  18. Dies Solis/Domenica
    • sunday
    • day of lord
  19. Ianuaris
    january
  20. Februarius
    febuary
  21. Martius
    March
  22. Aprilis
    april
  23. Maius
    may
  24. Iunius
    June
  25. Quintilis/Iulius
    July
  26. Sextilis/Augustus
    August
  27. ientaculum
    breakfast
  28. prandium
    breakfast or lunch
  29. cena
    dinner
  30. gustatio
    appetizer
  31. prima mensa
    main course
  32. secunda mensa
    dessert
  33. auspicia
    reading of flight patterns of birds in the sky to get messanges from gods
  34. augures
    trained auspicia
  35. pontifex maximus
    • high priest
    • College of Pontiffs
  36. flamen
    priest assigned to cult of each of the major gods
  37. fas/nefas
    religious legitimate
  38. dies fasti
    days when it is permissible to attend to the concerns of everday life, when the state and individuals could transact buisness
  39. dies nefasti
    days when official transactions are forbidden on religious grounds
  40. roman numberal order
    I, V, X, L, C, D, M
  41. vestibulum
    entry way (door)
  42. atrium
    • largest room of house
    • receive guests
  43. impluvium
    pool on floor of atrium
  44. compluvium
    opening in atrium ceiling
  45. tablinum
    office for master of house
  46. imagines
    bust statues of ancestors
  47. triclinium
    dining room
  48. culina
    kitchen
  49. cubiculum
    bedroom
  50. hortus
    garden
  51. peristylum
    columns that surrounded hortus
  52. lararium
    shrine in honor of household gods
  53. exedra
    circular room off garden
  54. latrines
    bathroom
  55. discipulus
    student
  56. stilus
    writing impliment
  57. tabula
    wax tablet
  58. paterfamilias
    male head of household
  59. praenomen/nomen/cognomen
    personal name/clan name/family
  60. Lares & Penates
    household gods brought by Aneus
  61. plebians
    common people
  62. patricians
    nobles
  63. tunica
    • wwoolen undergarment
    • men often wore two
  64. toga
    worn by male citizens
  65. virilis
    toga men wore at 16 yrs old
  66. candida
    • worn by candidates running for office
    • chalk white
  67. praetexta
    • toga worn by magistrates, priests
    • broad purple border
  68. sordida
    • toga worn by accused in court
    • dirty
  69. picta
    • toga worn by triumphing generals
    • ornamented
  70. pulla
    • toga worn by those in mourning
    • black
  71. stola
    garment worn by women over tunica
  72. pallium
    • cloak, outer garment
    • rectangular piece of cloth
  73. auxilia
    non-roman soldiers
  74. copiae
    troops with roman citizenship
  75. pedites
    infantry
  76. equites
    calvary
  77. praefectus equitum
    commander of cavalry
  78. imperator
    title granted to a military commander by Senate because of a significant military victory
  79. legatus
    military officer who served under the commander
  80. quaestor
    officer in charge of supplies, pay, other financial matters
  81. legio
    • legion
    • 5000 soldiers
  82. cohors
    • subdivision of legion
    • 500 soldiers
  83. centuria
    division of roman army comprising 100 soldiers
  84. centurio
    military officer in charge of 100 men
  85. explorator
    scout, spy
  86. mulio
    mule driver
  87. funditor
    slinger
  88. pilum
    javelin
  89. hasta
    spear
  90. gladius
    sword
  91. scutum
    shield
  92. galea
    helmet
  93. caliga
    boots worn by soldiers
  94. catapulta
    device for hurling missiles
  95. ballista
    device for hurling stones
  96. acies
    line of battle
  97. primum
    front line of march
  98. novissimum
    rear line of march
  99. fossa vallumque
    ditch used to fortify castra
  100. triumphus
    victory parade granted by senate to celebrate commander's success
  101. triumphator
    general who has been granted a triumph by senate
  102. bireme
    two oars on warship
  103. trireme
    three oars on warship
  104. quadreme
    four oars on warship

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