nervous system part 3
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nervous system part 3
what part of the brain is located between the cerebrum and brain stem?
what part of the brain contains the thalamus & hypothalamus?
what part of the diencephalon sorts incoming sensory impulses & directs to correct areas of the cerebral cortex
what part of the diencephalon is inferior to the thalamus, maintains homeostasis by controlling the pituitary gland and parasympathetic & sympathetic divisions of as?
what part of the diencephlaon regulates temp, sleep, water balance, appetites, emotions like fear of pleasure?
what system is found bordering the diecephalon and cerebrum it controls the emotional states and behaviors?
what part of the limbic system functions in learning and long-term memory?
what part of the limbic system is networked along the brain stem and controls wakefulness and sleep
what system links conscious functions of cerebral cortex with automatic of brain stem?
what are the three parts of the brain stem?
what part of the brain is the superior section of the brain stem and is inferior to center of the cerbrum?
what part of the brain stem controls the reflexes of the eye and ear?
what part of the brain stem controls visual, auditory integration?
what part of the brain stem connects the cerebrum to other parts of the brain and spinal cord?
what part of the brain stems has the exits for cranial nerves 3 & 4?
what part of the brain stem is the middle section between the midbrain and medulla oblongata, it is anterior to the cerebellum?
what part of the brain stem connects the cerebellum to other parts of the brain and spinal cord?
what part of the brain stem contains the respiratory centers for involuntary reflex?
what part of the brain stem has the exits for cranial nerves 5-8?
what part of the brain stem is the inferior section of the brain stem between the pons and spinal cord?
what part of the brain stem contains tracts of ascending sensory fibers & descending motor fibers?
what in the medulla oblognata controls muscles of respiration in response to chemical or other stimuli?
what in the medulla oblongata regulates rate and strength of the heartbeat?
what in the medulla oblongata regulates contraction of smooth muscle in blood vessels and regulating blood flow and blood pressure?
in the medulla oblongata what is it called when motor fibers from cerebral cortex cross to the other side?
what part of the brain stem is the reflex center for coughing, sneezing, swallowing, vomiting?
what part of the brain stem has the exits for cranial nerves 9-12?
what part of the brain stem can be extremely fatal if it is injured?
what of the brain is nicknamed "little brain"?
what part of the brain is in the posterior location, it is inferior to parietal and occipital lobes of the cerebrum?
what part of the brain is connected with cerebrum, brain stem, and spinal cord?
what part of the brain has two hemispheres and a middle vermis?
what part of the brain has gray matter on the outside with inner white matter in a tree-like pattern?
what part of the brain maintains equilibrium and balance?
what part of the brain produces smooth coordinated movements of voluntary muscle and maintains normal muscle tone & posture?
what part of the brain receives impulses from inner ear, eye, and sensory receptors in tendons & muscles?
what part of the brain has disorders that cause tremors or jerky movements?
how may cranial pairs are there?
of the cranial nerves, how many pairs do not exit the brain stem?
first 2 pairs
in the cranial nerves what impulse deals with smell, taste, vision, and hearing from special sense organs?
special sensory impulses
in the cranial nerves what impulse deals with pain, touch, temp, deep muscle sense, pressure, vibration from receptors throughout the body?
general sensory impulse
in the cranial nerve what impulse deals with voluntary control of skeletal muscle?
somatic motor impulse
in the cranial nerve what impulse deals with involuntary control of glands, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle?
visceral motor impulse
what nerve is for sensory, sensation, and smell?
what nerve is for sensory, sensation, and vision?
what nerve is for motor, it innervates all eye muscles except 2, and pupil diameter?
what nerve is for innervating one eye muscle, it is motor.
what nerve is mixed, sensation (pain, touch, temp) from face (eyes, upper jaw, lower jaw) it innervates muscles of jaw for mastication?
what nerve innervates one eye muscle, motor?
what nerve innervates facial muscles, lacrimal glands, small salivary glands, sensation of taste from 2/3 of tongue?
what nerve is for sensation of hearing/equilibrium from inner ear? Previously named auditory or acoustic nerve?
what nerve if for sensation of taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue, innervates largest salivary gland (parotid) and the muscles involved in swallowing?
what nerve if for PNS innervation of most organs in thoracic and abdominal cavities, it is mixed?
what nerve innervates muscle of neck and larynx, it is motor?
what nerve is for innervating tongue muscle, it is motor?
what disease is permanent, non-progressive disorder that affects motor control areas of brain, leading to paralysis?
this disease is caused by brain trauma before, during, or after birth?
this disease affects both the arms an legs, on one side of body or on both sides?
what disease causes muscle/join contractures, abnormal gait, problems with small motor movements,
how do you diagnose cerebral palsy?
what disease's treatment is orthopedic devices, PT, OT, visual hearing aids, muscle relaxants, anticonvulsants?
what is the prognosis of cerebral palsy?
usually normal life expectancy (depends on severity)
what disease is a progressive neuromusclar disease, it causes death of motor neurons?
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
what is the name of Lou Gehrig's Disease?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
what disease is usually idiopathic, and rarely genetic?
amyotrohphic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
what disease is subtle initially, has no effect on involuntary muscles or intellect?
amyotrohpic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Signs of weakness in hands, arm,s legs, muscles of speech, swallowing/breathing, clumsiness, twitching, cramping, slurred speech is?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
what disease affects men more than during middle age?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
what are the diagnosis of ALS?
neuromusclar exam, electromyography (abnormal), and nerve conduction velocity (slow speed of nerve conduction, decreased muscle action)
what is the treatment of ALS?
skeletal muscle relaxants to relieve spasticity
riluzole's trade name is? and it treats what disease?
what is the prognosis of ALS?
usually respiratory failure 3-5years after symptoms appear