nervous system part 3

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chelsearose91
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204292
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nervous system part 3
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2013-03-07 22:51:55
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  1. what part of the brain is located between the cerebrum and brain stem?
    diencephalon
  2. what part of the brain contains the thalamus & hypothalamus?
    diencephalon
  3. what part of the diencephalon sorts incoming sensory impulses & directs to correct areas of the cerebral cortex
    thalamus
  4. what part of the diencephalon is inferior to the thalamus, maintains homeostasis by controlling the pituitary gland and parasympathetic & sympathetic divisions of as?
    hypothalmus
  5. what part of the diencephlaon regulates temp, sleep, water balance, appetites, emotions like fear of pleasure?
    hypothalamus
  6. what system is found bordering the diecephalon and cerebrum it controls the emotional states and behaviors?
    limbic system
  7. what part of the limbic system functions in learning and long-term memory?
    hippocampus
  8. what part of the limbic system is networked along the brain stem and controls wakefulness and sleep
    reticular formation
  9. what system links conscious functions of cerebral cortex with automatic of brain stem?
    limbic system
  10. what are the three parts of the brain stem?
    • midbrain
    • pon
    • medulla oblongata
  11. what part of the brain is the superior section of the brain stem and is inferior to center of the cerbrum?
    midbrain
  12. what part of the brain stem controls the reflexes of the eye and ear?
    midbrain
  13. what part of the brain stem controls visual, auditory integration?
    midbrain
  14. what part of the brain stem connects the cerebrum to other parts of the brain and spinal cord?
    midbrain
  15. what part of the brain stems has the exits for cranial nerves 3 & 4?
    midbrain
  16. what part of the brain stem is the middle section between the midbrain and medulla oblongata, it is anterior to the cerebellum?
    pons
  17. what part of the brain stem connects the cerebellum to other parts of the brain and spinal cord?
    pons
  18. what part of the brain stem contains the respiratory centers for involuntary reflex?
    pons
  19. what part of the brain stem has the exits for cranial nerves 5-8?
    pons
  20. what part of the brain stem is the inferior section of the brain stem between the pons and spinal cord?
    medulla oblongata
  21. what part of the brain stem contains tracts of ascending sensory fibers & descending motor fibers?
    medulla oblongata
  22. what in the medulla oblognata controls muscles of respiration in response to chemical or other stimuli?
    respiratory center
  23. what in the medulla oblongata regulates rate and strength of the heartbeat?
    cardiac center
  24. what in the medulla oblongata regulates contraction of smooth muscle in blood vessels and regulating blood flow and blood pressure?
    vasomotor center
  25. in the medulla oblongata what is it called when motor fibers from cerebral cortex cross to the other side?
    contra-lateral control
  26. what part of the brain stem is the reflex center for coughing, sneezing, swallowing, vomiting?
    medulla oblongata
  27. what part of the brain stem has the exits for cranial nerves 9-12?
    medulla oblongata
  28. what part of the brain stem can be extremely fatal if it is injured?
    medulla oblongata
  29. what of the brain is nicknamed "little brain"?
    cerebellum
  30. what part of the brain is in the posterior location, it is inferior to parietal and occipital lobes of the cerebrum?
    cerebellum
  31. what part of the brain is connected with cerebrum, brain stem, and spinal cord?
    cerebellum
  32. what part of the brain has two hemispheres and a middle vermis?
    cerebellum
  33. what part of the brain has gray matter on the outside with inner white matter in a tree-like pattern?
    cerebellum
  34. what part of the brain maintains equilibrium and balance?
    cerebellum
  35. what part of the brain produces smooth coordinated movements of voluntary muscle and maintains normal muscle tone & posture?
    cerebellum
  36. what part of the brain receives impulses from inner ear, eye, and sensory receptors in tendons & muscles?
    cerebellum
  37. what part of the brain has disorders that cause tremors or jerky movements?
    cerebellum
  38. how may cranial pairs are there?
    12
  39. of the cranial nerves, how many pairs do not exit the brain stem?
    first 2 pairs
  40. in the cranial nerves what impulse deals with smell, taste, vision, and hearing from special sense organs?
    special sensory impulses
  41. in the cranial nerves what impulse deals with pain, touch, temp, deep muscle sense, pressure, vibration from receptors throughout the body?
    general sensory impulse
  42. in the cranial nerve what impulse deals with voluntary control of skeletal muscle?
    somatic motor impulse
  43. in the cranial nerve what impulse deals with involuntary control of glands, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle?
    visceral motor impulse
  44. what nerve is for sensory, sensation, and smell?
    olfactory
  45. what nerve is for sensory, sensation, and vision?
    optic
  46. what nerve is for motor, it innervates all eye muscles except 2, and pupil diameter?
    oculomotor
  47. what nerve is for innervating one eye muscle, it is motor.
    trochlear
  48. what nerve is mixed, sensation (pain, touch, temp) from face (eyes, upper jaw, lower jaw) it innervates muscles of jaw for mastication?
    trigeminal
  49. what nerve innervates one eye muscle, motor?
    abducent
  50. what nerve innervates facial muscles, lacrimal glands, small salivary glands, sensation of taste from 2/3 of tongue?
    facial
  51. what nerve is for sensation of hearing/equilibrium from inner ear? Previously named auditory or acoustic nerve?
    vestibulocochlear
  52. what nerve if for sensation of taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue, innervates largest salivary gland (parotid) and the muscles involved in swallowing?
    glossopharyngeal
  53. what nerve if for PNS innervation of most organs in thoracic and abdominal cavities, it is mixed?
    Vagus
  54. what nerve innervates muscle of neck and larynx, it is motor?
    accessory
  55. what nerve is for innervating tongue muscle, it is motor?
    hypoglossal
  56. what disease is permanent, non-progressive disorder that affects motor control areas of brain, leading to paralysis?
    Cerebral Palsy
  57. this disease is caused by brain trauma before, during, or after birth?
    cerebral palsy
  58. this disease affects both the arms an legs, on one side of body or on both sides?
    cerebral palsy
  59. what disease causes muscle/join contractures, abnormal gait, problems with small motor movements,
    cerebral palsy
  60. how do you diagnose cerebral palsy?
    • MRI
    • CT
  61. what disease's treatment is orthopedic devices, PT, OT, visual hearing aids, muscle relaxants, anticonvulsants?
    cerebral palsy
  62. what is the prognosis of cerebral palsy?
    usually normal life expectancy (depends on severity)
  63. what disease is a progressive neuromusclar disease, it causes death of motor neurons?
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  (ALS)
  64. what is the name of Lou Gehrig's Disease?
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  65. what disease is usually idiopathic, and rarely genetic?
    amyotrohphic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  66. what disease is subtle initially, has no effect on involuntary muscles or intellect?
    amyotrohpic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  67. Signs of weakness in hands, arm,s legs, muscles of speech, swallowing/breathing, clumsiness, twitching, cramping, slurred speech is?
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  68. what disease affects men more than during middle age?
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  69. what are the diagnosis of ALS?
    neuromusclar exam, electromyography (abnormal), and nerve conduction velocity (slow speed of nerve conduction, decreased muscle action)
  70. what is the treatment of ALS?
    • no cure
    • antiglutamate/neuroprotective medcation
    • skeletal muscle relaxants to relieve spasticity
    • respiratory
  71. riluzole's trade name is? and it treats what disease?
    • Rilutek
    • ALS
  72. what is the prognosis of ALS?
    • termina
    • usually respiratory failure 3-5years after symptoms appear

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