Anatomy III

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studytaz
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204475
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Anatomy III
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2013-03-02 23:43:19
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Exam All Angiology
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Anatomy III Exam 1 All Angiology
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  1. Another name for Poupart's ligament is _____.
    Inguinal
  2. Another name for the Circle of Willis.
    Cerebral Arterial Circle
  3. Another name for the left atrio‑ventricular valve.
    • Bi-cuspid
    • Mitral
  4. Another name for the right atrio‑ventricular valve.
    Tri-cuspid
  5. Arteries have three layers in their walls, while veins have _____.
    three
  6. Blood type _____ is said to be the universal donor.
    O
  7. Blood vessels that carry the blood in the general direction towards the heart are called _____.
    veins
  8. Coagulation of the blood is due to the presence of these blood cells:
    • thrombocytes
    • platelets
  9. Excess tissue fluid which has been forced from the blood vascular system and is picked up by the lymphatic system is then called:
    lymph
  10. How many branches are there associated with the ascending aorta.
    2
  11. In fetal circulation, the structure which carries blood away from baby to mother:
    umbilical arteries
  12. In fetal circulation, there are ____ umbilical vessels:
    3
  13. In fetal circulation, one structure which allows some blood to by-pass the lungs:
    foramen ovale
  14. Lacteals are lymph vessels which carry chyle from the villi of the small intestine to the____:
    cisterna chyli
  15. Lymph nodes associated with the ileum of the small intestine are called:
    Peyer's Patches
  16. Name a parietal branch of the descending thoracic aorta.
    • Posterior Intercostal AA
    • Subsoctal Aa
    • Superior Phrenic Aa
  17. Name a visceral unpaired branch of the abdominal aorta.
    • Celiac Trunk/Axis/Artery
    • Superior Mesenteric Artery
    • Inferior Mesenteric Artery
  18. Name one of the vessels passes through Hunter's canal:
    • Femoral Artery
    • Femoral Vein
  19. The "pacemaker" of the heart is also called _____.
    SA node
  20. The 2nd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    Lt Common Carotid
  21. The 3rd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    Lt Subclavian A
  22. The action of blood cells escaping the vascular system by passing through the walls of the capillaries is called hemorrhage per _____.
    diapedises
  23. The aorta terminates by bifurcating into the _____.
    LT & Rt Common Iliac A
  24. The arteries providing the blood supply to the fingers and toes.
    Digital Aa
  25. The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries.
    basilar A
  26. The artery that begins as a continuation of the external iliac artery and terminates by becoming the popliteal artery is called:
    Femoral A
  27. The artery that is the continuation of the popliteal and extends to the top of the foot where it becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
    Anterior Tibial A
  28. The blood cells make up approximately _____% of the blood volume.
    45
  29. The blood cells responsible for clotting are called _____.
    • thrombocytes
    • platelettes
  30. The blood cells responsible for fighting‑off infections.
    • Leukocytes
    • WBCs
  31. The blood cells which contain hemoglobin.
    • Erythrocytes
    • RBCs
  32. The brachial profundus artery is a branch of which vessel?
    • Brachial Profundis A
    • Deep Brachial A
  33. The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the kidney is called _____.
    Renal Aa
  34. The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
    Celiac Trunk/Axis/Artery
  35. The branch of the arch of the aorta which provides the blood supply to the right upper extremity.
    • Brachiocephalic
    • innominate
  36. The branch of the external carotid artery that ends by providing the blood supply to the chin, lips and nose.
    Facial Artery
  37. The branch of the external carotid artery that serves to provide the blood  supply to the scalp immediately behind the ear is called _____.
    posterior auricular
  38. The branch of the internal carotid artery providing the blood supply to the eyes.
    ophthalmic A
  39. The branch of the internal carotid artery that serves as a connection between the internal carotid and the posterior cerebral is called ____.
    R & L Posterior Communicating Aa
  40. The chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins.
    Rt Ventricle
  41. The chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends.
    Rt Atrium
  42. The coloring matter of the blood:
    Hemoglobin
  43. The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle.
    Systole
  44. The cystic artery would be associated with which structure of the body.
    • Gall bladder
    • bile sac
  45. The gastroepiploic arteries provide the blood supply to this portion of the stomach.
    greater curvature
  46. The genicular arteries are branches of the _____.
    popliteal A
  47. The gonadal arteries are branches of the _____.
    abdominal A
  48. The group of veins which provide for the drainage of blood from the brain are called:
    sinuses
  49. The ileocolic artery provides some of the blood supply to part of the small intestine, the appendix, and the:
    • cecum
    • ascending colon
  50. The innermost layer of an artery or vein is made up of this type of basic (elemental) body tissue.
    epithelial
  51. The internal carotid artery is most closely associated with providing the blood supply to this organ.
    brain
  52. The landmark between the subclavian artery and the axillary artery.
    1st rib
  53. The landmark found between the axillary artery and the brachial artery.
    lower border of tendon of teras major
  54. The lateral border of the femoral triangle.
    sartorius muscle
  55. The lining of the circulatory system (inside lining) is considered to be of this type of epithelial tissue:
    endometrium
  56. The medial artery of the forearm (between elbow and wrist).
    ulnar
  57. The medial border of the femoral triangle.
    adductor longus
  58. The middle layer of the wall of the heart is called _____.
    myocardium
  59. The minute tendinous chords connecting the atrio‑ventricular valves of the heart to the papillary muscles.
    chordae tendonae
  60. The muscle layer of the heart is called _____.
    myocardium
  61. The name of a branch of the celiac artery which provides the blood supply to the liver.
    common hepatic A
  62. The normal (during life) pH of blood is approximately _____(a number).
    7.4
  63. The number of vessels associated with the right atrium of the heart.
    3
  64. The outer layer of an artery or vein is called the tunica _____.
    • adventitia
    • extera
  65. The opening in the fetal heart which allows some blood to by-pass the lungs:
    • foramen ovale
    • fossa ovalis
  66. The peroneal artery is a branch of this vessel.
    posterior tibial A
  67. The portion of the blood that is about 95% water.
    plasma
  68. The posterior humeral circumflex is a branch of the _____.
    Axillary A
  69. The process by which a blood cell surrounds, engulfs and destroys foreign substances in the blood is called _____.
    phagocytosis
  70. The reddish-amber protein substance that gives the characteristic color to erythrocytes is called:
    hemoglobin
  71. The splenic artery is formed from the trifurcation of the _____:
    celiac artery/trunk/axis
  72. The study of veins is called _____.
    phlebology
  73. The superior border of "Scarpa's triangle".
    • pouparts ligament
    • inguinal ligament
  74. The system of the body which deals with the blood, heart, arteries, veins, and lymphatics is called _____.
    angiology
  75. The system of veins which provide for the drainage of blood from the organs of digestion are called:
    hepatic portal system
  76. The system of veins which provide for the drainage of blood from the walls of the thoracic cavity.
    azygos system
  77. The term which means, the study of blood.
    hematology
  78. The umbilical arteries would be branches of this vessel.
    • interrnal iliac Aa
    • hypogastric Aa
  79. The union of the distal ends of two arteries is called _____.
    anastomosis
  80. The vein which begins as a continuation of the axillary vein and terminates by uniting with the internal jugular vein to become the brachiocephalic vein is called:
    subclavian
  81. The veins that accompany adjacent arteries are the _____ set of veins.
    deep
  82. The vessel entering the heart that provides for the drainage from the abdomen and the lower extremities.
    inferior vena cava
  83. The vessel on the medial side of the forearm that is formed by the bifurcation of the brachial artery:
    ulnar A
  84. The vessel that originates as one of the branches of the innominate artery and terminates by becoming the axillary artery:
    lt subclavian
  85. The vessel which arises as a continuation of the right ascending lumbar vein in the region of the kidney and courses up the thoracic wall and then empties into the superior vena cava:
    Azygos V
  86. The vessel which originates as a continuation of the sigmoid sinus, and terminates by uniting with the subclavian to form the innominate vein is called:
    internal jugular vein
  87. The vessel which originates from the union of the splenic vein and the superior mesenteric vein and bifurcates before entering the liver:
    hepatic V
  88. The vessel which originates on the lateral side of the foot, and terminates by becoming a tributary to the popliteal vein is called:
    dorsalis pedis vein
  89. The vessel which originates on the lateral side of the hand, and terminates by becoming a tributary to the superior portion of the axillary vein is called:
    cephalic V
  90. The vessel which serves as the continuation of the femoral artery.
    popliteal A
  91. The vessel in fetal circulation that allows for some of the venous drainage to bypass the hepatic portal system:
    • ductus venosus
    • ligamentum venosum
  92. The landmark between the axillary vein and the subclavian vein.
    1st rib
  93. The vessel which carries lymph and begins at the cisterna chyli and ends by either emptying into the subclavian vein or the brachiocephalic vein on that side of the body is called:
    Lt lymphatic duct
  94. The vessel which originates from the union of the splenic vein and the superior mesenteric vein and bifurcates before entering the liver:
    portal V
  95. To raise the vessels necessary to embalm one of the lower extremities, one will usually raise the femoral artery and femoral vein in this region:
    • scarpa's triangle
    • femoral triangle
  96. Veins below the level of the heart have _____ in them.
    valves
  97. The artery which connects between the two anterior cerebral arteries.
    anterior communicating A
  98. In the femoral triangle the femoral vein is __(what position)__ to the femoral artery.
    medial

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