History 1

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Author:
MARVINKNIGHT2
ID:
204578
Filename:
History 1
Updated:
2013-03-03 09:30:18
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civil war
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history week 1
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  1. the federal government’s attempt to resolve the issues resulting from the end of the civil war.
    RECONSTRUCTION
  2. Post civil war laws specifically written to govern the behavior of African Americans; modeled on the slave codes that existed before the civil war.
    BLACK CODES
  3. bill that granted all citizens mandatory right regardless of racial considerations; designed to counteract the south new black codes.
    CIVIL RIGHTS BILL
  4. phase of reconstruction during which Radical Republicans wielded more power than the president allowing for the passage of the 14th and 15th amendments and the Military Reconstruction Act.
    RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION
  5. northern born white who moved south after the Confederacy defeat.
    CARPET BAGGER
  6. southern born white republicans; many had been non slaveholding poor farmers.
    SCALAWAG
  7. – system in which a family farmed a plot of land ownedby someone else shared the crop yield with the owner.
    SHARECROPPING
  8. act that forbade racial discrimination in all public facilities, transportation lines, places of amusement, and juries; it proved largely ineffective.
    CIVIL RIGHTS ACT
  9. 1875 Democratic plan that called for using as much violence as necessary to put Mississippi back under Democratic control.
    MISSISSIPPI PLAN
  10. transformation in the way good were made and sold as American businessmen between 1865 and 1915 used continuing technological breakthrough and creative financing to bring greater efficiency to their businesses.
    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  11. the system by which a business controls all aspects of its industry; from raw materials to finished product and is able to avoid working or sharing profits with any other companies.
    VERTICAL INTEGRATION
  12. the system by which a business takes over its competitors in order to limit competition, lower cost, and maximize profits.
    HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION
  13. Immigrant gateway to New York City from 1892 -1954.
    ELLIS ISLAND
  14. crowded slum houses in urban areas which housed by mostly immigrants.
    TENEMENTS
  15. crowded factory in an urban setting often one where workers are exploited.
    SWEATSHOP
  16. a political organization known as a “machine” whose members regarded politics as an opportunity to get rich while providing favors to the urban underclass.
    TAMMANY HALL
  17. European newcomers to America
    GREENHORNS
  18. contract stipulating that an employee would not join a union.
    YELLOW DOG CONTRACT
  19. plan that established legal barriers to prevent African Americans from voting in Mississippi; served as a legislative model for other states.
    SECOND MISSISSIPPI PLAN
  20. state and local laws, usually passed in southern states that mandated racial segregation in public facilities including schools, restaurants, and rail cars.
    JIM CROW LAWS
  21. 1896 Supreme Court case that declared that segregationlaws were constitutional, claiming that as long as the accommodations were“separate but equals” it was legal to have separate facilities for black andwhite Americans.
    PLESSY v. FERGUSON
  22. Federal Act passed in 1862 that awarded 160 acres to settlers who occupied the land for five years.
    HOMESTEAD ACT
  23. the 1964 massacre for over two hundred Cheyenne by Colorado militiamen during the ‘Indian Wars”.
    SAND CREEK MASSACRE
  24. the central ritual for the plain Indians, this was a dance lasting five days that would supposedly raise the Indians above the ground while the land below them was replaced with new land, effectively sandwiching the white men between the two layer of sod, removing them forever.
    GHOST DANCE
  25. Act that banned the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years and prohibited the Chinese who were already in the United States from becoming citizens.
    CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT OF 1882

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