a legislative device designed to allow citizens more control over state law; they could advocate a specific idea and introduce it on the ballot.
a legislative device designed to allow citizens more control over state law; citizens could collect a few thousands signatures on a petition in order to advance a specific idea and introduce it on the ballot
a device by which petitioning citizen can, with a majority vote, dismiss state officers, governors, and judges who are deemed to violate the popular interest.
this act established a regional banking system under the control of the federal government.
FEDERAL RESERVE ACT of 1913
investigative writers who exposed bad conditions in American factories, political corruption in city machines, and the financial deceit of corporations.
pioneered by Frederick W. Taylor, the detailed studyof the best ways to schedule, organized, and standardized work tasks.
the most colorful contingent of the American forces in the Spanish-American War, led by Theodore Roosevelt.
primitive but effective submarine invented by the Germans and used extensively in the First World War.
mechanized belt that moved a product down a line where each worker performed a single small task, over and over again, until the product was completed.
fear that the United States was vulnerable to a Communist takeover.
Legislation passed in 1919 which laid down strict punishments for violating the Eighteenth Amendment.
Clandestine bar serving alcohol during Prohibition.
Proposed amendment to the Constitution meant to eliminate all legal distinctions between the sexes, such as those that permitted, different pay scales for men and women doing the same job.
EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT
Famous 1925 court case that resolved around a state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools; John Scopes, a young teacher, offered to deliberately break the law to test its constitutionality.
SCOPES MONKEY TRIAL
organization, founded in 1820, dedicated to fighting infringements on civil liberties, including free speech.
AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION (ACLU)
a paramilitary organization formed to “redeem” the South after Reconstruction by intimidating newly freed blacks; after a temporary decline, the group reformed in 1915.
KU KLUX KLAN
most common form of credit for stock purchases; allowed a stock buyer to put down from 10 to 50 percent of a stock’s price and borrow the rest of the money in order to make the full payment. The lender could then “call back” the loan and demand repayment when stock fell below a certain price.
parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Texas that suffered punishing dust storms and drought from the early 1930s to the early 1940s.