Chapter 11

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Chapter 11
2010-05-27 19:15:43
Sanitary Equipment Facilities

Sanitary Equipment and Facilities
Show Answers:

  1. T or F:

    A hose attached to a utility sink faucet and left sitting in a bucket of dirty water could contaminate the water supply.
  2. T or F:

    There must be a minimum of 20 foot-candles of light (215 lux) in a food preparation area.
  3. T or F:

    Handwashing stations are required in dishwashing and service areas
  4. T or F:

    When mounted on legs, tabletop equipment must be at least two inches off the floor.
  5. T or F:

    Grease on an establishment's ceiling can be a sign of inadequate ventilation
  6. What should floring be like in your establishment?
    • It should be:
    • 1. smooth
    • 2. durable
    • 3. non-absorbant
    • 4. easy to clean
    • 5. resist wear
    • 6. prevent slips
  7. Floors should have a low _____.
  8. What is the advantages and disadvantages of using hard-surface flooring?
    • Positive:
    • 1. non-absorbant
    • 2. durable
    • 3. easy to clean

    • Negative:
    • 1. make break or chip
    • 2. May break objects dropped on it.
    • 3. Poor sound absorption
    • 4. Slippery when wet
  9. For dry storage areas, what is 50-50?
    50°F & 50% humidity
  10. What is the requirement for screens for dry storage areas?
    16 mesh to the inch
  11. What are the requirements for handwashing stations?
    • 1. Hot & cold running water (at least 100°F)
    • 2. Soap
    • 3. A means to dry hands (Disposable paper towels & at least 1 warm-air hand drier)
    • 4. Waste container
    • 5. Signage indicating employees are required to wash hands before returning to work
  12. What are the two organizations concerned with sanitation equipment?
    NSF & UL
  13. What are the requirements for walk-in refrigeration units & reach-in units?
    Walk-in units must be sealed to the floor & wall. Reach-in units should be on casters and be at least 6" off the floor.
  14. What is one of the greatest challenges to water safety?
    Cross-connections -- allows the possiblity of backflow of wastewater into potable water supply
  15. What is the only completely reliable method of preventing backflow?
    An air-gap
  16. What are the minimum lighting intensity requirements for 1) food-prep areas, 2) dishwashing areas, 3) dry storage areas & dining areas
    • 1) 50 foot-candles (~100-150 watts)
    • 2) 20 foot-candles (~60 watts)
    • 3) 10 foot-candles (~30 watts)
  17. What are the three approaches that the EPA has recommended for managing solid waste?
    • 1) Reduce the amount of waste produced
    • 2) Reuse when possible (must wash & sanitize containers)
    • 3) Recycle materials
  18. What is one of the most important considerations when choosing flooring for food-prep areas?
    The material's porosity. The FDA recommends non-porous materials
  19. What action must be taken in the event of a backup of raw sewage in an establishment?
    Immediate closure of the area, correction of the problem, and through cleaning
  20. What can be done to prevent a backflow in an establishment?
    • 1) Install vacuum breakers or other approved backflow-preventing devices on threaded faucets and connections between two piping systems.
    • 2) Install air-gaps wherever practical & possible
  21. A) What are some potable-water sources for an establishment? B) What are the testing requirements for non-public water systems?
    • A)
    • 1) Approved water mains
    • 2) Private water sources regularily maintained & tested
    • 3) Closed portable water containers filled with potable water
    • 4) Properly maintained water transport vehicles

    B) Non-public water systems should be tested at least annually and the report kept in the establishment. Check with local regulatory agency for info on inspections
  22. A) What are the requirements of a handwashing station?
    B) In what areas of an establishment are handwashing stations required?
    • A) Requirements:
    • 1. Hot & cold running water (at least 100°F)2. Soap3. A means to dry hands (Disposable paper towels & at least 1 warm-air hand drier)4. Waste container 5. Signage indicating employees are required to wash hands before returning to work.

    B) Areas required: Food-prep areas, service areas, dishwashing areas, restrooms
  23. What are the requirements for installing stationary equipment?
    It must be mounted on legs, at least 6" off the floor, or must be sealed to a masonary base.
  24. Generally, operations that use a private water source, such as a well, must have it tested at least:

    A. once a year
    B. every 2 years
    C. every 3 years
    D. every 4 years
  25. What is the only completely reliable method for preventing backflow?

    A. Air-gap
    B. Ball valve
    C. Vacuum breaker
    D. Cross-connection
  26. When installing tabletop equipment on legs, the space between the base of the equipment and the tabletop must be at least

    A. 1 inch
    B. 2 inches
    C. 4 inches
    D. 6 inches
  27. How hot should the hot water at a handwashing station get?

    A. At least 70°F
    B. At least 100°F
    C. At least 130°F
    D. At least 160°F
  28. Foodservice equipment that has been certified as meeting standards may be stamped with the ___ mark

    A. FDA
    B. NSF
    C. USDA
    D. USPS
  29. What information should be posted on or near a dishwasher?

    A. Water temperature, conveyor speed, and water pressure.
    B. Load start time, estimated load completion time, and the initials of the person who started the load
    C. Water temperature in 4°F increments and clearance space between the machine and the floor.
    D. Maintenance records including service dates, work done, and the name of the company that did the work.
  30. To keep food from being contaminated by lighting, use

    A. sheilds on heat lamps
    B. signage next to lights in food-contact areas
    C. fluorescent and other energy-efficient lightbulbs
    D. lighting that meetsthe minimum intensity requirements
  31. Which is a source of potable water?

    A. Collected rain water
    B. Gray water collection tanks
    C. Untested private water sources
    D. Water transport vehicles
  32. Outdoor garbage containers should be

    A. labeled with collection times
    B. kept covered with tight-fitting lids
    C. kept away from customer parking areas
    D. lined with plastic or wet-strength paper
  33. What is cross-connection?

    A. Threaded faucet
    B. Device that prevents a vacuum
    C. Valve that mixes hot & cold water
    D. Link between sources of safe and dirty water
  34. Backflow is when

    A. flows in pipes behind a wall
    B. backs up in a drain because of grease condensation
    C. goes down the toilet in counter-clockwise direction
    D. flows opposite its normal direction because of water pressure