Anatomy and Physiology " Blood"

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Shaeena713
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204594
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Anatomy and Physiology " Blood"
Updated:
2013-03-03 15:34:50
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Blood
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The is Some information about blood and how it is made
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  1. Bloods PH
    7.35-7.45
  2. Blood Is what kind of tissue?
    Connective Tissue "Liquid"
  3. Formed Elements
    • Red Blood Cells
    • White Blood Cells
    • Platelets
  4. Total Blood Volume
    • Male 5-6 Liters
    • Female: 5.5 Liters
  5. Temperature of Blood
    • 100.4 F
    • 38 C
  6. What is Plasma
    • Non - Living Component
    • 92 % Water
    • 8% Solutes
  7. What is Hematology
    The  study of blood, blood forming tissues, pathologies ( diseases of blood)
  8. What is the Function Of Blood?
    • Transport
    • Regulation
    • Protection
  9. What is Edema
    Swelling of the tissues, meaning there is extra plasma that has not reentered circulation.
  10. What is the Composition of Blood?
    • 45% formed elements
    • 55% Plasma
  11. Hermatocrit
    % of red blood cells in total blood volume
  12. Erthropietin?
    • Needs to get to the red marrow
    • Liver releases it
    • Kidney Activates it
  13. What are the 3 Plasma Proteins?
    • Albumin: made by the liver
    • " should never leave circulation"
    • Maintains Osmotic Pressure.

    Globulins:antibodies used in the " presence of invaders".

    Fibrinogen:clotting protein
  14. Hemopoiesis
    • Process by which blood is made
    • * Location: Red Marrow
    • * Hemocytoblast: immature connective tissue blood cells which red and white blood cells arise from
  15. Name Characteristics of Erythrocytes
    • Most Numerous
    • Very Tiny
    • 5 Million/mm3
    • Shape: Biconcave
    • No Nucleus
    • Amitotic: No Mitosis
    • Live : 120 days
    •  Others!!!
  16. Jaundice
    excessive bilirubin in circulation
  17. What is the Red Blood Cells Physiology
    • Unloading and loading
    • anaerobic respiration
    • aerobic respiration.
  18. Reticulocytes
    • Immature red blood cells
    • * ejected into circulation by red marrow
    • * matures 1-2 days in circulation
    • * is 1% of the circulating RBC
  19. Anemia
    • Decrease  oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.
    • * causes rapid heart rate
    • * increases respiration rate
  20. What is in Blood Plasma?
    • *Plasma Proteins
    • * Salts
    • * Gases
    • * Nutrients
  21. What are the 3 types of Plasma Proteins?
    • Albumin
    • * Most abundant, smallest, protein, maintain osmotic pressure,made by the liver
    • Globulins
    • * Made by the liver
    • Types: alpha,beta,gama
    • Fibrinogen
    • * made by liver
    • * Largest plasma protein
    • *7%
  22. Types of Anemia
    • * Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • * Hemorrhagic Anemia
    • * Pernicious Anemia
    • * Aplastic Anemia
    • * Thalassemia
    • * Sickle Cell
    • * Hemolytic Anemia

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