Phil 102 Unit 1

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Author:
msbanasik
ID:
204670
Filename:
Phil 102 Unit 1
Updated:
2013-03-03 16:52:35
Tags:
philosophy
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Description:
logical arguments
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  1. Define Argument
    Set of sentences with one or more premises (that contain evidence) and a conclusion
  2. Define Deductive Argument
    An argument in which the premises are intended to provide absolute support for the conclusion (air-tight)
  3. Define Inductive Argument
    An argument in which the premises are intended to provide some degree of support for the conclusion (not air-tight)
  4. When is an argument valid?
    If and only if it is an instance of (has) a valid form
  5. When is an argument form valid?
    If and only if there are no instances in which all premises are true and conclusion false
  6. What is a counterexample?
    A particular example in which all the premises are true and the conclusion is false
  7. Define Sound Argument
    A valid deductive argument in which all the premises are true

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