Phil 102 Unit 1
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Set of sentences with one or more premises (that contain evidence) and a conclusion
Define Deductive Argument
An argument in which the premises are intended to provide absolute support for the conclusion (air-tight)
Define Inductive Argument
An argument in which the premises are intended to provide some degree of support for the conclusion (not air-tight)
When is an argument valid?
If and only if it is an instance of (has) a valid form
When is an argument form valid?
If and only if there are no instances in which all premises are true and conclusion false
What is a counterexample?
A particular example in which all the premises are true and the conclusion is false
Define Sound Argument
A valid deductive argument in which all the premises are true
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